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Health Risk Behaviors With Synthetic Cannabinoids Versus Marijuana

Published on Apr 1, 2017in Pediatrics5.40
· DOI :10.1542/peds.2016-2675
Heather B. Clayton8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Richard Lowry45
Estimated H-index: 45
+ 2 AuthorsAlthea M. Grant16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data are limited on the behavioral risk correlates of synthetic cannabinoid use. The purpose of this study was to compare the behavioral risk correlates of synthetic cannabinoid use with those among marijuana users. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional survey conducted in a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9 through 12 ( N = 15 624), were used to examine the association between self-reported type of marijuana use (ie, never use of marijuana and synthetic cannabinoids, ever use of marijuana only, and ever use of synthetic cannabinoids) and self-report of 36 risk behaviors across 4 domains: substance use, injury/violence, mental health, and sexual health. Multivariable models were used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios. RESULTS: Students who ever used synthetic cannabinoids had a significantly greater likelihood of engaging in each of the behaviors in the substance use and sexual risk domains compared with students who ever used marijuana only. Students who ever used synthetic cannabinoids were more likely than students who ever used marijuana only to have used marijuana before age 13 years, to have used marijuana ≥1 times during the past 30 days, and to have used marijuana ≥20 times during the past 30 days. Several injury/violence behaviors were more prevalent among students who ever used synthetic cannabinoids compared with students who ever used marijuana only. CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals and school-based substance use prevention programs should include strategies focused on the prevention of both synthetic cannabinoids and marijuana.
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  • References (40)
  • Citations (8)
References40
Newest
#1Laura KannH-Index: 54
#2Tim McManusH-Index: 23
Last.David ChyenH-Index: 13
view all 16 authors...
#1Katrina E. Champion (National Health and Medical Research Council)H-Index: 9
#2Maree Teesson (National Health and Medical Research Council)H-Index: 49
Last.Nicola C. Newton (National Health and Medical Research Council)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
#1Lisa Stolzenberg (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 19
#2Stewart J. D’Alessio (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 8
Last.Dustin Dariano (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Cited By8
Newest
#1Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi (KMU: Kerman Medical University)H-Index: 3
#2Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani (KMU: Kerman Medical University)H-Index: 4
Last.N Oroomiei (KMU: Kerman Medical University)
view all 5 authors...
#1Heather B. Clayton (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 8
#2J. Andrzejewski (ORNL: Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
Last.C. Ashley (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
view all 5 authors...
#1Hina Akram (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
#2Claire Mokrysz (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 9
Last.H. Valerie Curran (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 41
view all 3 authors...
#1Katrina E. Champion (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 9
#2Nicola C. Newton (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 15
Last.Maree Teesson (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 49
view all 4 authors...
#1Christopher R. Harper (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 2
#2Heather B. Clayton (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 8
Last.Michelle M. Johns (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
#1Joseph J. Palamar (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 25
#2Monica J. Barratt (Burnet Institute)H-Index: 24
Last.Silvia S. Martins (Columbia University)H-Index: 36
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