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Reliability of the electrocortical response to gains and losses in the doors task.

Published on Apr 1, 2017in Psychophysiology3.378
· DOI :10.1111/psyp.12813
Amanda R. Levinson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Brittany C. Speed5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
+ 1 AuthorsGreg Hajcak66
Estimated H-index: 66
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract
The ability to differentiate between rewards and losses is critical for motivated action, and aberrant reward and loss processing has been associated with psychopathology. The reward positivity (RewP) and feedback negativity (FN) are ERPs elicited by monetary gains and losses, respectively, and are promising individual difference measures. However, few studies have reported on the psychometric properties of the RewP and FN—crucial characteristics necessary for valid individual difference measures. The current study examined the internal consistency and 1-week test-retest reliability of the RewP and FN as elicited by the doors task among 59 young adults. The RewP, FN, and their difference score (ΔRewP) all showed significant correlations between Time 1 and Time 2. The RewP and FN also achieved acceptable internal consistency at both time points within 20 trials using both Cronbach's α and a generalizability theory-derived dependability measure. Internal consistency for ΔRewP was notably weaker at both time points, which is expected from two highly intercorrelated constituent scores. In conclusion, the RewP and FN have strong psychometric properties in a healthy adult sample. Future research is needed to assess the psychometric properties of these ERPs in different age cohorts and in clinical populations.
  • References (42)
  • Citations (35)
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References42
Newest
#1Peter E. Clayson (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 20
#2Gregory A. Miller (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 53
Abstract Failing to consider psychometric issues related to reliability and validity, differential deficits, and statistical power potentially undermines the conclusions of a study. In research using event-related brain potentials (ERPs), numerous contextual factors (population sampled, task, data recording, analysis pipeline, etc.) can impact the reliability of ERP scores. The present review considers the contextual factors that influence ERP score reliability and the downstream effects that re...
20 CitationsSource
#1Peter E. Clayson (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 20
#2Gregory A. Miller (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 53
Abstract Generalizability theory (G theory) provides a flexible, multifaceted approach to estimating score reliability. G theory's approach to estimating score reliability has important advantages over classical test theory that are relevant for research using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). For example, G theory does not require parallel forms (i.e., equal means, variances, and covariances), can handle unbalanced designs, and provides a single reliability estimate for designs with multip...
21 CitationsSource
#1Brady D. NelsonH-Index: 19
#2Greg PerlmanH-Index: 13
Last. Greg HajcakH-Index: 66
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Objective:A blunted neural response to rewards has recently emerged as a potential mechanistic biomarker of adolescent depression. The reward positivity, an event-related potential elicited by feedback indicating monetary gain relative to loss, has been associated with risk for depression. The authors examined whether the reward positivity prospectively predicted the development of depression 18 months later in a large community sample of adolescent girls.Method:The sample included 444 girls 13....
57 CitationsSource
Abstract Objective: Reward-processing abnormalities are thought to be a key feature of various psychiatric disorders and may also play a role in disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), a new diagnosis in DSM-5. In the current study, we used event-related potentials (ERP) sensitive to monetary gains (i.e., the reward positivity [RewP]) and losses (i.e., the N200) to examine associations between symptoms of DMDD during early childhood and later reward processing during preadolescence. Metho...
17 CitationsSource
#1Travis E. Baker (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 10
#2Jonathan M.A. Wood (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 1
Last. Clay B. Holroyd (UVic: University of Victoria)H-Index: 49
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Abstract Objective Substance dependent (SD) relative to non-dependent (ND) individuals exhibit an attenuated reward positivity, an electrophysiological signal believed to index sensitivity of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) to rewards. Here we asked whether this altered neural response reflects a specific devaluation of monetary rewards relative to drug-related rewards by ACC. Methods We recorded the reward positivity from SD and ND individuals who currently smoke, following an overnight period ...
13 CitationsSource
#1Jennifer N. Bress (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 10
#2Alexandria Meyer (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 14
Last. Greg Hajcak Proudfit (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Feedback negativity (FN) is an event-related potential elicited by monetary reward and loss; it is thought to relate to reward-related neural activity and has been linked to depression in children and adults. In the current study, we examined the stability of FN, and its relationship with depression in adolescents, over 2 years in 45 8- to 13-year-old children. From Time 1 to Time 2, FN in response to monetary loss and in response to monetary gain showed moderate to strong reliability ( r s = .6...
37 CitationsSource
#1Ellen M. Kessel (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 10
#2Autumn Kujawa (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 21
Last. Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 73
view all 4 authors...
Background The relationship between reward sensitivity and pediatric anxiety is poorly understood. Evidence suggests that alterations in reward processing are more characteristic of depressive than anxiety disorders. However, some studies have reported that anxiety disorders are also associated with perturbations in reward processing. Heterogeneity in the forms of anxiety studied may account for the differences between studies. We used the feedback-negativity, an event-related potential sensitiv...
25 CitationsSource
#1Greg Hajcak Proudfit (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 23
Feedback indicating monetary loss elicits an apparent negative deflection in the event-related potential (ERP) that has been referred to as the feedback error-related negativity, medial frontal negativity, feedback-related negativity, and feedback negativity—all conceptualizations that suggest a negative ERP component that is greater for loss than gain. In the current paper, I review a programmatic line of research indicating that this apparent negativity actually reflects a reward-related posit...
264 CitationsSource
#1Patrizia Thoma (RUB: Ruhr University Bochum)H-Index: 18
#2Marc-Andreas Edel (RUB: Ruhr University Bochum)H-Index: 13
Last. Christian Bellebaum (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 24
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Abstract Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is hypothesized to be characterized by altered reinforcement sensitivity. The main aim of the present study was to assess alterations in the electrophysiological correlates of monetary reward processing in adult patients with ADHD of the combined subtype. Fourteen adults with ADHD of the combined subtype and 14 healthy control participants performed an active and an observational probabilistic reward-based learning task while an electroenc...
9 CitationsSource
#1Jingbo Gong (CSU: Central South University)H-Index: 3
#2Jiajin Yuan (SWU: Southwest University)H-Index: 18
Last. Xue-rong Luo (CSU: Central South University)H-Index: 2
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Objective The current model of ADHD suggests abnormal reward and punishment sensitivity, although differences in ADHD subgroups are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of feedback valence (reward or punishment) and punishment magnitude (small or large) on Feedback-Related Negativity (FRN) and Late Positive Potential (LPP) in two subtypes of ADHD (ADHD-C and ADHD-I) compared to typically developing children (TD) during a children's gambling task.
10 CitationsSource
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#1A. Hunter Threadgill (FSU: Florida State University)
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Abstract Past work has demonstrated that the reward positivity (RewP) indexes a feedback-monitoring system sensitive to positive outcomes. Research on the RewP has frequently used simple guessing tasks. In the doors task, participants receive either feedback denoting monetary gain or loss on each trial after choosing one of two doors to “open.” Typically, these tasks present visual stimuli on a computer monitor. The current study developed and validate a version of the doors task utilizing audit...
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Very few people who desire death by suicide ever make a suicide attempt, highlighting the importance of determining factors that influence the capability to enact lethal self-harm. One such factor is fearlessness about death, which has been found to be an important predictor of suicide attempts. Recently, longitudinal evidence found that fearlessness about death is positively associated with fluctuations in suicidal ideation. Efforts exploring biophysical mechanisms of suicide have found diminis...
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Individuals with current depression show reduced amplitude of the P300 component of the stimulus-locked event-related potential (ERP)-an effect most often examined in oddball tasks. Although imperative stimuli in response-monitoring paradigms (e.g., the flanker task), also elicit a P300, it is unclear whether a blunted P300 can be observed in depression in these tasks. Moreover, the P300 overlaps with the correct-response negativity (CRN) and error-related negativity (ERN), and is similar to the...
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