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Developing a concept for external audits of psychosocial risks in certified occupational health and safety management systems

Published on Nov 1, 2017in Safety Science 3.62
· DOI :10.1016/j.ssci.2016.11.023
Anne Helbo Jespersen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Bureau Veritas),
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
(AAU: Aalborg University)
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Abstract
Abstract Psychosocial risks are closely related to work organization, management and organizational context. Therefore, the nature of psychosocial risks is complex and differs from more traditional OHS risks. The OHSAS 18001 standard explicitly claims to deal with all OHS risks, including psychosocial risks, and the audit is a key element in OHS management systems. However, the literature indicates that audits of psychosocial risk management are difficult and multifaceted, and the available practice excludes psychosocial risks from audits. Based on an analysis of the literature and available methodological approaches, we propose a new conceptual model for audits of psychosocial risk management. The model is grounded in the British “Guidance on the management of psychosocial risks in the workplace” (BSI, 2011), which has recently been developed to remedy the shortcomings of the OHSAS standard. The model builds on an interpretation of audit evidence that includes an integration of general scientific knowledge regarding psychosocial risks with local contextual knowledge. A key tool for the application of the integration is realistic evaluation, which provides the opportunity to assess the link between psychosocial risk management measures and expected outcomes. Another important tool is the qualitative interview, which is the primary method for data collection. The concept has important implications for the dominant audit practice and auditor competencies. It leads to an expanded knowledge base and a broader concept of audit evidence that further presupposes considerable auditor resources, and changes the required knowledge base and skills of auditors.
  • References (57)
  • Citations (4)
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References57
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Anne Helbo Jespersen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(AAU: Aalborg University),
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
(AAU: Aalborg University),
Klaus Tranetoft Nielsen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(RU: Roskilde University)
Psychosocial risks constitute a significant problem in most workplaces, and they are generally considered more difficult to regulate than many other occupational health and safety risks. This article investigates the challenges of regulating psychosocial risks in the workplace. The difficulties lie in the particular nature of psychosocial risks: their complexity, uncertainty, value, and power divergences. Psychosocial risks therefore resemble ‘wicked problems’, typically characterized by unclear...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2016in Safety Science 3.62
Linn Iren Vestly Bergh4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Statoil),
Siri Hinna3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Statoil)
+ 1 AuthorsG.I.J.M. Zwetsloot19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Nottingham)
The objective of this paper is to present and discuss a pilot study for conducting internal psychosocial risk auditing in the oil and gas industry, focusing on offshore units. Psychosocial risk auditing is a proactive method for monitoring the status of psychosocial factors influencing the risk of stress and ill-health in the oil and gas industry. It is a systematic and independent assessment of the status of psychosocial factors and barriers, it reveals non-compliance with requirements and best...
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Safety Science 3.62
Anne Helbo Jespersen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Bureau Veritas),
Pernille Hohnen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(AAU: Aalborg University),
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
(AAU: Aalborg University)
Abstract Psychosocial risks are widely recognized as a major challenge at work, a challenge that most organizations find difficult to manage in practice. The OHSAS 18001 standard provides a framework for the management of occupational health and safety risks, including psychosocial risks. However, such occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems tend to have difficulties in adequately addressing psychosocial risks at work. A crucial element in the OHSM system is internal audits. We ...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 15, 2016
Pernille Hohnen6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
(AAU Cph: Aalborg University – Copenhagen)
1 Citations
Published on Aug 1, 2015in Administration & Society 1.70
Brian Head22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UQ: University of Queensland),
John Alford20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Australia and New Zealand School of Government)
The concept of “wicked problems” has attracted increasing focus in policy research, but the implications for public organizations have received less attention. This article examines the main organizational and cognitive dimensions emerging from the research literature on wicked problems. We identify several recent approaches to addressing problem complexity and stakeholder divergence based on the literatures on systems thinking, collaboration and coordination, and the adaptive leadership roles o...
292 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Safety Science 3.62
Stavroula Leka22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Nottingham),
Wim Van Wassenhove3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ENSMP: Mines ParisTech),
Aditya Jain14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Nottingham)
This paper tackles a much debated and often misunderstood issue in the modern world of work, psychosocial risks. Although the prevalence and impact of psychosocial risks is now widely acknowledged as a priority in health and safety in Europe, there remains resistance by key stakeholders in prioritizing psychosocial risk management both in business and policy making. This paper explores why this is still the case by discussing three presumptions in relation to the current state of the art in this...
24 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2014in Safety Science 3.62
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
(AAU Cph: Aalborg University – Copenhagen),
Hans Jørgen Limborg5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Klaus Tranetoft Nielsen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(RU: Roskilde University)
In spite of progress in intervention research, our understanding of the transformation of knowledge from the research into national working environment programmes is limited. Research in state regulation is mainly aimed at compliance and efficiency of public administration, while little attention is paid to why and how public and private organisations subsequently are to improve their working environment. This paper suggests a model which can bridge this gap. It is based on a combination of theo...
21 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 9, 2014in Journal of Risk Research 1.70
Sergio Iavicoli23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Stavroula Leka22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Nottingham)
+ 4 AuthorsAntonio Valenti6
Estimated H-index: 6
Psychosocial risks in the workplace have been identified as some of the most significant emerging risks, particularly since issues such as work-related stress, which is closely linked to psychosocial risks, are widely recognised as major challenges in modern occupational safety and health. This paper presents the policy framework and key initiatives that have been implemented for the management of psychosocial risks in the workplace in Europe. It discusses several approaches and initiatives, bot...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2014in Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Klaus Tranetoft Nielsen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(RU: Roskilde University),
Pernille Hohnen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(AAU: Aalborg University)
How do different forms of regulation influence working environment and working life? How can centrally formulated programmes create changes at complex, often multi-layered local work places, and how can insights from work life studies shed light on the social mechanisms at stake in different types of regulation? Under the heading of working environment policies, programmes and instruments, the aim of the current issue has been to address these issues. In essences, it is society's intentional att...
3 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Policy and practice in health and safety
Liv Starheim2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Mette Bøgehus1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to show how face-to-face meetings between inspectors and workplace members can be understood as a complex, strategic, motivational and emotionalised process, and hence to involve more than just a question of ‘pursuing or persuading’. The paper illustrates the Danish model of an established practice of inspection of the psychosocial work environment, and discusses how this model contributes to the knowledge of inspection practice.Using observations and intervi...
6 Citations Source Cite
Cited By4
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Safety Science 3.62
Pernille Hohnen6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Peter Hasle21
Estimated H-index: 21
Abstract Occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems certified according to OHSAS 18,001 are gaining importance. A key element in OHSAS 18,001 is third party audits. Psychosocial risks are only briefly mentioned in the standard, and the question therefore remains whether audits in practice cover these risks to a sufficient extent. The article provides a first answer to this question through a study of the whole value chain from accreditation of certification bureaus to the subsequen...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2018in Journal of Cleaner Production 6.39
Yang Sui1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of South China),
Rui Ding1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Hanqing Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of South China)
Abstract In order to implement the integration management of the occupational health and safety and environment (OHSE) in an operating nuclear power plant (ONPP) in East China and help it pass the OHSAS 18001 and ISO 14001 certifications simultaneously rather than separately, an integrated management system (IMS) for OHSE in the ONPP consisting of the occupational health and safety and environment management manual (OHSEMM) and its supportive documents was established to cover the OHSAS 18001 an...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Safety Science 3.62
Floris Goerlandt22
Estimated H-index: 22
,
Nima Khakzad19
Estimated H-index: 19
(TU Delft: Delft University of Technology),
Genserik Reniers23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Antwerp)
2 Citations Source Cite