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Safety Science
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Papers 4026
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Abstract Introduction The effects of an intervention designed to decrease the probability of adults placing a child into the basket of a supermarket cart and thus at risk was assessed. Method A mixed multiple baseline and ABA withdrawal designs across four supermarkets was used to measure intervention effects. It consisted of placing a salient card with a red ban sign attached to the side of the cart opposite the cart handle. The person pushing the cart faced the salient card throughout the shop...
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#1Wenping Xu (WUST: Wuhan University of Science and Technology)
#2Ming Zhong (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 1
Last. Kairong Lin (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 10
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Abstract A multiple efforts are proposed to reduce the losses in urban floods. Community resilience is a key index for describing the response of human habitat systems against hazards, and enhancing community resilience is one measure for mitigating flooding risk. With the purpose of identifying and determining the priority of resilience indicators to urban floods, a network structuring model of community resilience was developed in this study. Neighborhood, college, and village communities in N...
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#1David Rehak (Technical University of Ostrava)H-Index: 4
#2Martin Hromada (Tomas Bata University in Zlín)H-Index: 4
Last. Tomáš LovečekH-Index: 3
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Abstract The Electric Power Infrastructure Sector is a uniquely critical sector among other critical infrastructures. Disruptions to or failures of its functions would result in extensive effects, not only on society itself but also on all of the (other) dependent critical infrastructure sectors. The key areas of electric power supply systems that demonstrate the greatest vulnerability to terrorist attacks include the following areas of vulnerability: physical vulnerability, cyber vulnerability ...
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#1Zhilei Wang (KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
#2Xuhai PanH-Index: 1
Last. Juncheng JiangH-Index: 12
view all 8 authors...
Abstract To investigate the influence of bifurcation structure in tubes on the spontaneous ignition of high-pressure hydrogen, a series of experiments were conducted. The tubes including T-shaped and straight tubes with the length of 0.7/1.2/1.7 m were tested. The burst pressure ranged from 4–10 MPa. The pressure and light signals in the tube and the external flame images were recorded. The results show that the T-shaped structure has a significant influence on the occurrence of spontaneous igni...
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#2Jinghong WangH-Index: 3
Last. Zhirong WangH-Index: 1
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Abstract The metro has become an important component of the urban traffic system. Due to the dense crowd, if sudden accidents occurred during rush hours in station, such as fires, explosions or natural disasters, the casualty and injury would be very enormous. Accidents happening in the underground station are prone to trigger domino effect, causing complex multi-hazards consequence. Therefore, more attention should be focused on the crowd evacuation strategy in underground stations. In this pap...
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#1Ke Gao (Liaoning Technical University)
#2Sheng-nan Li (Liaoning Technical University)
Last. Ze-Yi Liu (Liaoning Technical University)
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Abstract Gas explosions causing heavy casualties in the goaf of coal mine occasionally occurred in China. The goaf in the coal mine is a multi-scale complex medium with pores in remaining coal, the gaps among rock blocks that don’t meet the characteristics of the porous medium. The propagation of flames and shock waves induced by the gas explosion in the goaf is very complicated. Based on the spatial structure characteristics of the goaf, the numerical model of a gas explosion is established by ...
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#1Angeliki Zacharaki (DUTH: Democritus University of Thrace)H-Index: 1
#2Ioannis Kostavelis (DUTH: Democritus University of Thrace)H-Index: 12
Last. Ioannis M. Dokas (DUTH: Democritus University of Thrace)H-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
Abstract In the era of industrialization and automation, safety is a critical factor that should be considered during the design and realization of each new system that targets operation in close collaboration with humans. Of such systems are considered personal and professional service robots which collaborate and interact with humans at diverse applications environments. In this collaboration, human safety is an important factor in the wider field of human-robot interaction (HRI) since it faci...
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#1Anjum Naweed (Central Queensland University)H-Index: 11
#2Lorelle Bowditch (Central Queensland University)H-Index: 1
Last. Carolyn A. Unsworth (Central Queensland University)H-Index: 22
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Abstract Work-related injuries and musculoskeletal disorders are a workplace problem within and across organisations, particularly in rail, where they tend to be treated as non-significant and localised health issues. While physical ergonomics and interface-design issues invariably contribute to the incidence of such injuries, contemporary socio-technical systems theories suggest that wider system factors and complex interrelationships between them may also play a role. The Person-Environment-Oc...
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#1Runhe Zhu (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 2
#2Jing Lin (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
Last. Nan Li (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Human behavior is fundamental to human safety and the outcomes of building emergencies. It is correlated with social environments, building environments and emergency situations. This study presents a review about human-human interactions (i.e., interactions among people or groups of people and their influence on behavior during emergencies), human-building interactions (i.e., how buildings influence human behavior and how human behavior impacts the building performance during emergenci...
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#1Cristian Arteaga (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 1
#2JeeWoong Park (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 6
Abstract The continuous increase in the frequency of active shooter incidents demands the implementation of strategies that can help reduce the lethal effects of these tragedies. Providing victims with a building environment that facilitates a safe and efficient evacuation can be an effective strategy, with several expected benefits for the reduction of levels of injuries and casualties. This study performed a systematic evaluation of three important building design parameters- building exit wid...
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Top fields of study
Engineering
Human factors and ergonomics
Occupational safety and health
Injury prevention
Transport engineering