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Physical activity and sedentary time in relation to academic achievement in children

Published on Jun 1, 2017in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport3.623
· DOI :10.1016/j.jsams.2016.11.003
Eero A. Haapala10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Jyväskylä),
Juuso Väistö7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Eastern Finland)
+ 5 AuthorsTimo A. Lakka80
Estimated H-index: 80
(University of Eastern Finland)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Objectives To investigate the independent and combined associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) with reading and arithmetic skills. Design Cross-sectional/prospective. Methods Participants were 89 boys and 69 girls aged 6–8 years. MVPA and ST were measured using a combined heart rate and movement sensor and body fat percentage by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in Grade 1. Reading fluency, reading comprehension, and arithmetic skills were assessed using standardized tests in Grades 1–3. The data were analyzed using linear regression analyses and analyses of covariance with repeated measures. Results In boys, MVPA was directly and ST inversely associated with reading fluency in Grades 1–3 and arithmetic skills in Grade 1 ( P P P =0.002) and reading comprehension ( P =0.027) across Grades 1–3 than other boys. In girls, ST was directly associated with arithmetic skills in Grade 2 ( P Conclusions Lower levels of MVPA and higher levels of ST and particularly their combination were related to poorer reading skills in boys. In girls, higher levels of ST were related to better arithmetic skills.
  • References (34)
  • Citations (14)
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References34
Newest
#1Veronica J. Poitras (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 15
#2Casey E Gray (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 18
Last. S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
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Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is essential for disease prevention and health promotion. Emerging evidence suggests other intensities of physical activity (PA), including light-intensity activity (LPA), may also be important, but there has been no rigorous evaluation of the evidence. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between objectively measured PA (total and all intensities) and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Online datab...
273 CitationsSource
This systematic review (1) examined the evidence linking physical activity (PA) to cognition and academic performance in elementary school children. Specifically, in reviewing the literature, we sought to answer the following two questions: 1) Among children age 5–13 yr, do PA and physical fitness i
60 CitationsSource
SUMMARYBackgroundThe relationship among physical activity (PA), fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children is receiving considerable attention. The utility of PA to improve cognition and academic achievement is promising but uncertain; thus, this position stand will provide cl
251 CitationsSource
#1Paul J. Collings (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 11
#2Katrien Wijndaele (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 36
Last. Ulf Ekelund (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 86
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Background The data regarding prospective associations between physical activity (PA) and adiposity in youth are inconsistent.
7 CitationsSource
#1Eric S. Drollette (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 19
#2Mark R. Scudder (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 22
Last. Charles H. Hillman (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 56
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The present investigation examined the sexual dimorphic patterns of cardiorespiratory fitness to working memory in preadolescent children (age range: 7.7–10.9). Data were collected in three separate studies (Study 1: n = 97, 42 females; Study 2: n = 95, 45 females; Study 3: n = 84, 37 females). All participants completed a cardiorespiratory fitness assessment in addition to a specific measure of working memory (i.e. the operation span task, the n-back task, or the Sternberg task). Results from a...
23 CitationsSource
#1Eero A. Haapala (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 10
#2Niina Lintu (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 11
Last. Timo A. Lakka (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 80
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AB Objectives: To investigate the independent and combined associations of cardiorespiratory performance (CP), neuromuscular performance (NP; including motor performance [MP]) and body fat percentage (BF%) with cognition in children. Methods: The participants were 202 boys and 201 girls age 6-8 yr. Cardiorespiratory performance was assessed using maximal cycle ergometer test and was expressed as maximal workload per lean body mass. Neuromuscular performance score included muscle strength, speed,...
7 CitationsSource
#1Kirsten Corder (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 30
#2Andrew J. Atkin (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 23
Last. Ian M. Goodyer (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 61
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Background We investigated prospective associations between physical activity/sedentary behaviour (PA/SED) and General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) results in British adolescents.
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#1Irene Esteban-Cornejo (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 10
#2David Martínez-Gómez (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 31
Last. Oscar L. Veiga (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Objective To examine the associations of (i) objectively measured and self-reported sedentary behavior during leisure time with academic performance and (ii) patterns of sedentary behavior with academic performance. Methods This study was conducted with 1146 youth aged 12.5 ± 2.5 years in Spain during 2011–2012. Leisure-time sedentary behavior during out-of-school hours was assessed by accelerometry and self-report. Academic performance was assessed through school grades. Results Object...
14 CitationsSource
#1Leah E. Robinson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
#2David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
Last. Eva D'Hondt (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)H-Index: 16
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In 2008, Stodden and colleagues took a unique developmental approach toward addressing the potential role of motor competence in promoting positive or negative trajectories of physical activity, health-related fitness, and weight status. The conceptual model proposed synergistic relationships among physical activity, motor competence, perceived motor competence, health-related physical fitness, and obesity with associations hypothesized to strengthen over time. At the time the model was proposed...
221 CitationsSource
#1Irene Esteban-Cornejo (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 10
#2Carlos Mª Tejero-González (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 10
Last. Oscar L. Veiga (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 25
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Aim: There is an emerging body of evidence on the potential effects of regular physical activity on academic performance. The aim of this study was to add to the debate, by examining the association between objectively measured physical activity and academic performance in a relatively large sample of children and adolescents. Methods: The Spanish UP & DOWN study is a 3-year longitudinal study designed to assess the impact, overtime, of physical activity and sedentary behaviours on health indica...
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#1Erin K. Howie (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 17
#2John JoostenH-Index: 1
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BACKGROUND: Current guidelines suggest too little sleep, too little physical activity, and too much sedentary time are associated with poor health outcomes. These behaviours may also influence academic performance in school children. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sleep, physical activity, or sedentary behaviours and academic performance in a school with a well-developed and integrated technology use and well-being program. METHODS: This was a cross-se...
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#1Juan Pablo Zavala-Crichton (Andrés Bello National University)
#2Irene Esteban-Cornejo (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 4
Last. Arthur F. Kramer (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 102
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We investigated the associations of different sedentary behaviors (SB) with gray matter volume and we tested whether SB related to gray matter volume is associated with intelligence. Methods: 99 children with overweight or obesity aged 8–11 years participated in this cross-sectional study. SB was measured using the Youth Activity Profile-Spain questionnaire. T1-weighted images were acquired with a 3.0 T Magnetom Tim Trio system. Intelligence was assessed with the Kaufman Brief Test. Whole-brain ...
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#2Franklin Muntis (University of Louisville)H-Index: 1
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#1Binn Zhang (SUS: Shanghai University of Sport)
#2Ying Liu (SUS: Shanghai University of Sport)
Last. Yaogang Han (SUS: Shanghai University of Sport)
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Abstract Objectives To investigate the effect of one bout of moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) on executive function in preschoolers, and the moderating effect of children's habitual physical activity (PA) levels. Method Based on accelerometer data from three weekdays and one weekend, 63 children aged 3–5 years were divided into tertiles. Children in the upper (n = 21) and lower (n = 20) tertiles participated in an intervention experiment. Using a within-subject design, 41 ...
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Unhealthy diet has been associated with overweight, obesity, increased cardiometabolic risk, and recently, to impaired cognition and academic performance. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the associations between health behaviors and cognition and academic achievement in children and adolescents under 18 years of age with a special reference to diet quality. Dietary patterns with a low consumption of fish, fruits, and vegetables, and high in fast food, sausages, and soft drink...
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Studies have shown the potential effects of sedentary behavior and physical activity on not only physical and mental health but also academic performance in children. Nevertheless, studies have only focused on either sedentary behavior or physical activity. Examining the joint effects of both behaviors on academic performance provides detailed insights into the patterns of these behaviors in relation to children’s academic achievement. The present study investigated the joint longitudinal associ...
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#1Heather Erwin (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 21
#2Alicia L. Fedewa (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 16
Last. Soyeon Ahn (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 18
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ABSTRACTResearch demonstrates children’s attention, working memory, and behavior improve following a recess or activity break. Longer periods of inactivity are associated with higher levels of inat...
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#1Eero A. Haapala (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 10
#2Henna L. Haapala (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 3
Last. Noona Kiuru (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Objective To investigate the longitudinal associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and pubertal development with academic achievement in adolescents. Methods A total of 635 adolescents (283 boys, 352 girls) aged 11–13 years participated in the study. MVPA was assessed by the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study questionnaire, and pubertal development was assessed by the pubertal development scale (PDS) at beginning of 6th grade (baseline) and end of 7th gr...
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Previous research showed that children’s physical activity is positively related to executive functions, whilst screen time shows negative associations. However, it is unclear how school-based sitting time and transitions from sitting to standing relate to cognition. We investigated the relationship between class time sitting/stepping/sit-to-stand transitions and cognitive functions in Grade 1–2 children. Overall, 149 children (7.7 ± 0.6 years old, 54% boys) participated. Measures included class...
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