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Sex differences in the adolescent brain and body: Findings from the saguenay youth study

Published on Jan 2, 2017in Journal of Neuroscience Research4.14
· DOI :10.1002/jnr.23825
Tomáš Paus82
Estimated H-index: 82
(MIND Institute),
Angelita Pui-Yee Wong3
Estimated H-index: 3
(U of T: University of Toronto)
+ 1 AuthorsZdenka Pausova41
Estimated H-index: 41
(U of T: University of Toronto)
Abstract
This Mini-Review describes sex differences in 66 quantitative characteristics of the brain and body measured in a community-based sample of 1,024 adolescents 12–18 years of age, members of the Saguenay Youth Study. Using an extensive phenotyping protocol, we have obtained measures in a number of domains, including brain structure, cognition, mental health, substance use, body composition, metabolism, cardiovascular reactivity, and life style. For each measure, we provide estimates of effect size (Cohen's d) and sex-specific correlations with age (Pearson R). In total 59 of the 66 characteristics showed sex differences (at a nominal P < 0.05), with small (32), medium-sized (13), and large (11) effects. Some, but not all, of these sex differences increase during adolescence; this appears to be the case mostly for anatomical and physiological measures. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (13)
References36
Newest
#1Zdenka PausovaH-Index: 41
#2Tomáš Paus (MIND Institute)H-Index: 82
Last.Suzanne Veillette (UQAC: Université du Québec à Chicoutimi)H-Index: 30
view all 11 authors...
#1M. Pesaresi (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
#2R. Soon-Shiong (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
Last.Tomáš Paus (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 82
view all 6 authors...
#1Tomáš Paus (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 82
#2Zdenka Pausova (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 41
Last.Louis Richer (Université du Québec)H-Index: 30
view all 7 authors...
#1Ammar Khairullah (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
#2Laura Cousino Klein (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 26
Last.Tomáš Paus (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 82
view all 7 authors...
#1Melkaye G. Melka (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 5
#2Jesse Gillis (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 23
Last.Zdenka Pausova (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 41
view all 36 authors...
Cited By13
Newest
#1Ran Li (ZJNU: Zhejiang Chinese Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Xilu Wang (Anhui Medical University)H-Index: 1
Last.De-Xiang Xu (Anhui Medical University)H-Index: 31
view all 10 authors...
#1Christopher Hübel (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 2
#2Héléna A. Gaspar (NIHR: National Institute for Health Research)H-Index: 14
Last.Magic investigatorsH-Index: 1
view all 14 authors...
#1Anne-Lise Goddings (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 9
#2Anne Lise Goddings (UCL: University College London)
Last.Barbara R. Braams (Harvard University)H-Index: 12
view all 5 authors...
#1Tatsuo Kido (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 11
#2Zhaoyu Sun (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 1
Last.Yun-Fai Chris Lau (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 30
view all 3 authors...
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