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Biostratigraphic correlation and mass extinction during the Permian-Triassic transition in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China

Published on Nov 1, 2016in Global and Planetary Change4.1
· DOI :10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.09.009
Daoliang Chu9
Estimated H-index: 9
(China University of Geosciences),
Jianxin Yu13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 5 AuthorsLi Tian14
Estimated H-index: 14
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract
Abstract The Permian-Triassic boundary marks the greatest mass extinction during the Phanerozoic, which was coupled with major global environmental changes, and is known especially from well-preserved marine fossil records and continuous carbonate deposits. However, the placement of the Permian-Triassic boundary in terrestrial sections and accurate correlation with the marine strata are difficult due to the absence of the key marine index fossils in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings. Here, we present detailed fossil data from four terrestrial sections, two paralic sections and one shallow marine section in South China. Our data show that the rapid mass disappearance of the Gigantopteris flora in various sections represents the end-Permian mass extinction and the base of the Permian-Triassic transitional beds in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China. In particular, we find a mixed marine and terrestrial biota from the coastal transitional sections of the Permian-Triassic transitional Kayitou Formation, which provides a unique intermediate link for biostratigraphic correlation between terrestrial and marine sequences. Accordingly, the Euestheria gutta -bearing conchostracan fauna and the Pteria ussurica variabilis - Towapteria scythica - Eumorphotis venetiana bivalve assemblage are proposed as markers of the Permian-Triassic transitional beds in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China.
  • References (112)
  • Citations (14)
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References112
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#1Ying Cui (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 9
#2Antoine Bercovici (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 13
Last. Vivi Vajda-Santivanez (Lund University)H-Index: 22
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Stable isotopes of inorganic and organic carbon are commonly used in chemostratigraphy to correlate marine and terrestrial sedimentary sequences based on the assumption that the carbon isotopic signature of the exogenic carbon pool dominates other sources of variability. Here, sediment samples from four Permian–Triassic boundary (PTB) sections of western Guizhou and eastern Yunnan provinces in South China, representing a terrestrial to marine transitional setting, were analyzed for δ13C of organ...
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#1Borja Cascales-Miñana (University of Liège)H-Index: 9
#2José B. Diez (University of Vigo)H-Index: 14
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AbstractMass extinctions are crucial to understanding changes in biodiversity through time. However, it is still disputed whether extinction dynamics in the marine and terrestrial biotas followed comparable trajectories. For instance, while marine realms have suffered five strong depletions in diversity, the so-called ‘Big Five’ mass extinctions, only the end-Permian event appears to have also resulted in a major abrupt reduction in continental diversity. However, recent evidence based on the di...
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Several studies of the marine sedimentary record have documented the evolution of global climate during the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. By contrast, the continental records have been less exploited due to the scarcity of continuous sections from the latest Permian into the Early Triassic. The South African Karoo Basin exposes one of the most continuous geological successions of this time interval, thus offering the possibility to reconstruct climate variations in southern Laurasia from the M...
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Abstract The Permian–Triassic transition has been identified for the first time in the Karoo Supergroup of the Moatize–Minjova Basin in Mozambique. This transition was identified in the subsurface in deep (ca. 500 m) coal exploration boreholes that penetrated the Matinde Formation. Two palynomorph assemblages (assemblage 1 and assemblage 2) assigned to the latest Permian were defined for the Matinde Formation. These assemblages are both dominated by taeniate pollen, cavate trilete spores of Krae...
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The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian-Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary lit...
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The end-Triassic extinction event marks one of the “big five” mass extinction events of the Phanerozoic. The ultimate cause of the extinction is considered to be volcanic activity at the Central Atlantic magmatic province (CAMP), yet the underlying nature of global environmental changes that accompanied the biotic turnover remains elusive. Here we present chemical and mineralogical studies across the end-Triassic extinction level of the deep-sea chert sequence (Inuyama, Japan). Depleted hematite...
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The Lilliput effect following the Permian–Triassic mass extinction and its aftermath has been documented in a variety of marine animal groups, but it is less known in terrestrial and freshwater invertebrates. Here we present new investigations of the size variations of terrestrial ostracods of the genus Darwinula based on fossil records from a Permian–Triassic section on the northern limb of the Dalongkou Anticline section in Northwest China. Quantitative analyses reveal that ostracod test sizes...
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The end-Permian extinction records the greatest ecological catastrophe in Earth history. The vertebrate fossil record in the Karoo Basin, South Africa, has been used for more than a century as the standard for understanding turnover in terrestrial ecosystems, recently claimed to be in synchrony with the marine crisis. Workers assumed that systematic turnover at the Dicynodon assemblage zone boundary, followed by the appearance of new taxa directly above the base of the Lystrosaurus assemblage zo...
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