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Biostratigraphic correlation and mass extinction during the Permian-Triassic transition in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China

Published on Nov 1, 2016in Global and Planetary Change4.10
· DOI :10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.09.009
Daoliang Chu9
Estimated H-index: 9
(China University of Geosciences),
Jianxin Yu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 5 AuthorsLi Tian13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences)
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Abstract
Abstract The Permian-Triassic boundary marks the greatest mass extinction during the Phanerozoic, which was coupled with major global environmental changes, and is known especially from well-preserved marine fossil records and continuous carbonate deposits. However, the placement of the Permian-Triassic boundary in terrestrial sections and accurate correlation with the marine strata are difficult due to the absence of the key marine index fossils in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings. Here, we present detailed fossil data from four terrestrial sections, two paralic sections and one shallow marine section in South China. Our data show that the rapid mass disappearance of the Gigantopteris flora in various sections represents the end-Permian mass extinction and the base of the Permian-Triassic transitional beds in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China. In particular, we find a mixed marine and terrestrial biota from the coastal transitional sections of the Permian-Triassic transitional Kayitou Formation, which provides a unique intermediate link for biostratigraphic correlation between terrestrial and marine sequences. Accordingly, the Euestheria gutta -bearing conchostracan fauna and the Pteria ussurica variabilis - Towapteria scythica - Eumorphotis venetiana bivalve assemblage are proposed as markers of the Permian-Triassic transitional beds in terrestrial-marine siliciclastic settings of South China.
  • References (110)
  • Citations (13)
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References110
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Global and Planetary Change4.10
Ying Cui8
Estimated H-index: 8
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Antoine Bercovici2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Smithsonian Institution)
+ 4 AuthorsVivi Vajda-Santivanez21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lund University)
Stable isotopes of inorganic and organic carbon are commonly used in chemostratigraphy to correlate marine and terrestrial sedimentary sequences based on the assumption that the carbon isotopic signature of the exogenic carbon pool dominates other sources of variability. Here, sediment samples from four Permian–Triassic boundary (PTB) sections of western Guizhou and eastern Yunnan provinces in South China, representing a terrestrial to marine transitional setting, were analyzed for δ13C of organ...
Published on Nov 16, 2016in Historical Biology1.49
Borja Cascales-Miñana7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Liège),
José B. Diez13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Vigo)
+ 1 AuthorsChristopher J. Cleal21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Cardiff University)
AbstractMass extinctions are crucial to understanding changes in biodiversity through time. However, it is still disputed whether extinction dynamics in the marine and terrestrial biotas followed comparable trajectories. For instance, while marine realms have suffered five strong depletions in diversity, the so-called ‘Big Five’ mass extinctions, only the end-Permian event appears to have also resulted in a major abrupt reduction in continental diversity. However, recent evidence based on the di...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Gondwana Research6.48
Kévin Rey3
Estimated H-index: 3
(École normale supérieure de Lyon),
Romain Amiot19
Estimated H-index: 19
(École normale supérieure de Lyon)
+ 11 AuthorsBruce S. Rubidge28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of the Witwatersrand)
Several studies of the marine sedimentary record have documented the evolution of global climate during the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. By contrast, the continental records have been less exploited due to the scarcity of continuous sections from the latest Permian into the Early Triassic. The South African Karoo Basin exposes one of the most continuous geological successions of this time interval, thus offering the possibility to reconstruct climate variations in southern Laurasia from the M...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Hua Zhang14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Changqun Cao21
Estimated H-index: 21
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 6 AuthorsShu-zhong Shen31
Estimated H-index: 31
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The end-Permian mass extinction reflects the most severe life crisis during the Phanerozoic and was associated with major global environmental changes. However, the consistency of the time and pattern of the terrestrial and marine extinctions remains controversial. In this paper, we presented detailed analyses of the high-resolution biostratigraphical and geochemical data from terrestrial sections in South China. Our analyses show that the transitional Kayitou Formation actually recorde...
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology1.67
Zélia Pereira11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Paulo Fernandes10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of the Algarve)
+ 2 AuthorsLopo Vasconcelos5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UEM: Eduardo Mondlane University)
Abstract The Permian–Triassic transition has been identified for the first time in the Karoo Supergroup of the Moatize–Minjova Basin in Mozambique. This transition was identified in the subsurface in deep (ca. 500 m) coal exploration boreholes that penetrated the Matinde Formation. Two palynomorph assemblages (assemblage 1 and assemblage 2) assigned to the latest Permian were defined for the Matinde Formation. These assemblages are both dominated by taeniate pollen, cavate trilete spores of Krae...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Biological Reviews10.29
Carlo Romano8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Martha B. Koot4
Estimated H-index: 4
(PSU: Plymouth State University)
+ 5 AuthorsJürgen Kriwet10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Vienna)
The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian-Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary lit...
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Masayuki Ikeda7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Shizuoka University),
Rie S. Hori14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Ehime University)
+ 1 AuthorsRyoichi Nakada9
Estimated H-index: 9
(TITech: Tokyo Institute of Technology)
The end-Triassic extinction event marks one of the “big five” mass extinction events of the Phanerozoic. The ultimate cause of the extinction is considered to be volcanic activity at the Central Atlantic magmatic province (CAMP), yet the underlying nature of global environmental changes that accompanied the biotic turnover remains elusive. Here we present chemical and mineralogical studies across the end-Triassic extinction level of the deep-sea chert sequence (Inuyama, Japan). Depleted hematite...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Geology5.01
Robert A. Gastaldo30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Colby College),
L KamoSandra33
Estimated H-index: 33
(U of T: University of Toronto)
+ 3 AuthorsCindy V. Looy24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of California, Berkeley)
The end-Permian extinction records the greatest ecological catastrophe in Earth history. The vertebrate fossil record in the Karoo Basin, South Africa, has been used for more than a century as the standard for understanding turnover in terrestrial ecosystems, recently claimed to be in synchrony with the marine crisis. Workers assumed that systematic turnover at the Dicynodon assemblage zone boundary, followed by the appearance of new taxa directly above the base of the Lystrosaurus assemblage zo...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Daoliang Chu9
Estimated H-index: 9
(China University of Geosciences),
Jinnan Tong26
Estimated H-index: 26
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 6 AuthorsLi Tian13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract The Lilliput effect following the Permian–Triassic mass extinction and its aftermath has been documented in a variety of marine animal groups, but it is less known in terrestrial and freshwater invertebrates. Here we present new investigations of the size variations of terrestrial ostracods of the genus Darwinula based on fossil records from a Permian–Triassic section on the northern limb of the Dalongkou Anticline section in Northwest China. Quantitative analyses reveal that ostracod t...
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Earth-Science Reviews9.53
Jianxin Yu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(China University of Geosciences),
Jean Broutin20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Paris)
+ 4 AuthorsQisheng Huang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract This paper reviews critically the Permian–Triassic (P–Tr) fossil plants and microflora recorded in three well-studied terrestrial Permian–Triassic boundary (PTB) sections, namely Chahe, Zhejue, and Jiucaichong, and two marine–terrestrial transitional PTB sections, namely Mide and Tucheng, in western Guizhou Province and eastern Yunnan Province (WGEY), Southwest China. Distinct floral composition, abundance and diversity across the PTB allow the establishment of two terrestrial macroflor...
Cited By13
Newest
Published on May 11, 2019in Lethaia1.74
Xincheng Qiu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Li Tian1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UoB: University of Bristol)
+ 4 AuthorsJinnan Tong26
Estimated H-index: 26
(China University of Geosciences)
Published on May 1, 2019in Palaeoworld1.14
Frank Scholze4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Kazan: Kazan Federal University),
Shu-zhong Shen31
Estimated H-index: 31
(NU: Nanjing University)
+ 5 AuthorsJoerg W. Schneider8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Kazan: Kazan Federal University)
Abstract Sedimentary deposits of the Permian–Triassic transition are well-exposed in numerous outcrops of South China. Depending on the palaeogeographic positions of the sections, their lithofacies vary from fully marine, shallow marine, lagoonal, lacustrine, and fluvial to alluvial. In the present study, conchostracans (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) were newly collected from the continental deposits of the Kayitou and Jialingjiang formations around the Kangdian Highland elevated by the Emeishan Basa...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Ting Song2
Estimated H-index: 2
(China University of Geosciences),
Jinnan Tong26
Estimated H-index: 26
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 2 AuthorsYunfei Huang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Yangtze University)
Abstract Immediately after the latest Permian mass extinction, bivalve faunas colonized the Permian-Triassic Transitional Beds (PTTB), especially in littoral clastic facies of South China. The Permian-Triassic (P-Tr) transitional bivalve fauna is composed of holdovers, long-term survivors and newly evolved taxa, and characterized by moderate diversity and high dominance. However, the taxonomy and ecology of this bivalve fauna of littoral clastic facies have not been well understood, especially i...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in International Journal of Coal Geology5.33
Zhi-Ming Yan (CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology), Zhiming Yan (CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)+ 3 AuthorsHao Wang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)
Abstract During the End-Permian mass extinction event (EPME) there is extensive evidence for depletion of oxygen in the marine realm. Atmospheric models based upon biogeochemical cycling predict a comparable decline leading up to this event and have been postulated as a possible driver for marine depletion. However, these models contrast with broadly contemporaneous empirical evidence from charcoal in coals. New charcoal data from the temporally well-constrained late Permian Xuanwei Formation co...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Ying Cao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Huyue Song13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 5 AuthorsJinnan Tong26
Estimated H-index: 26
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract Global warming is inferred to have been one of the main causes of the Permian-Triassic (P-Tr) boundary mass extinction. Although a strong temperature rise in tropical sea-surface temperatures during the latest Permian has been documented, coeval climate changes in terrestrial sections are less well-known. Here, we analyzed multiple weathering indexes (including CIA, CIW, and PIA) for two terrestrial sections in North China (Shichuanhe and Yima), all of which show a major excursion towar...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Science China-earth Sciences2.26
Shu-zhong Shen31
Estimated H-index: 31
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Hua Zhang14
Estimated H-index: 14
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 11 AuthorsJun Chen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
A series of global major geological and biological events occurred during the Permian Period. Establishing a highresolution stratigraphic and temporal framework is essential to understand their cause-effect relationship. The official International timescale of the Permian System consists of three series (i.e., Cisuralian, Guadalupian and Lopingian in ascending order) and nine stages. In China, the Permian System is composed of three series (Chuanshanian, Yansingian and Lopingian) and eight stage...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Science China-earth Sciences2.26
Jinnan Tong26
Estimated H-index: 26
(China University of Geosciences),
Daoliang Chu9
Estimated H-index: 9
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 5 AuthorsYuyang Wu (China University of Geosciences)
The Triassic rocks are widespread in China, and both marine and terrestrial strata are well developed. The Triassic stratigraphic architecture of China is very complex in both spatial variation of the so-called “South Marine and North Continental”, i.e. the southern areas of China occupied mostly by marine facies while the northern China by terrestrial facies during the Triassic Period, and temporal transition of the “Lower Marine and Upper Continental”, i.e. the lower part of the Triassic Syste...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Global and Planetary Change4.10
Eudald Mujal6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Autonomous University of Barcelona),
Josep Fortuny3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 6 AuthorsPere Anadón19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)
Abstract The most severe biotic crisis on Earth history occurred during the Permian–Triassic (PT) transition around 252 Ma. Whereas in the marine realm such extinction event is well-constrained, in terrestrial settings it is still poorly known, mainly due to the lack of suitable complete sections. This is utterly the case along the Western Tethys region, located at Pangaea's equator, where terrestrial successions are typically build-up of red beds often characterised by a significant erosive gap...
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Gondwana Research6.48
Megan Williams2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UOW: University of Wollongong),
Brian G. Jones32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UOW: University of Wollongong),
Paul F. Carr12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UOW: University of Wollongong)
Abstract The isotopic, geochemical, and physical characteristics of the Late Permian mass extinction have been identified and assessed from terrestrial sections across the Sydney Basin, eastern Australia. These new data are used to both correlate the extinction event across the basin and elucidate its cause. Two stratigraphically well-constrained cores were examined, one each from the northern and southern regions of the Sydney Basin. Both sections show uninterrupted transitions from the last Pe...
View next paperVegetation changeover across the Permian–Triassic Boundary in Southwest China: Extinction, survival, recovery and palaeoclimate: A critical review