Global and Planetary Change
Papers 2995
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Abstract Although generally considered to exist under hyperarid conditions over the long term, landscapes in many parts of the Coastal Cordillera of northern Chile have undergone fluvial erosion. Small-scale drainage systems in this mountain range are mostly isolated from river networks and associated processes originating in the Precordillera or the High Andes to the east, thus providing natural laboratories to investigate the interplay between erosion, atmospheric deposition, tectonics and loc...
2 CitationsSource
#1Julia Diederich (University of Cologne)H-Index: 1
#2Volker Wennrich (University of Cologne)H-Index: 19
Last.Martin Melles (University of Cologne)H-Index: 35
view all 18 authors...
Abstract The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is one of the driest deserts on Earth. Hyperaridity persists at least since the Miocene and was punctuated by pluvial phases. However, very little is known about the timing, regional spread and intensities of precipitation changes. Here, we present a new precipitation record from a sedimentary sequence recovered in a tectonically blocked endorheic basin that is located in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert. The chronostratigraphic framework of ...
#1Bilal U. Haq (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 3
#2Christian Gorini (University of Paris)H-Index: 10
Last.Jean-Loup RubinoH-Index: 16
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Abstract Evaporite giants can precipitate out of high salinity waters in semi-enclosed ocean basins when the rate of evaporation outstrips the inflow of new saline and fresh waters. The thick saline series deposited in the deep Mediterranean during the Miocene Epoch's late Messinian age (between 5.97 and 5.3 Ma) is among the youngest of such salt giants in Earth history. During this event, also known as the Messinian Salinity Crisis, voluminous evaporites accumulated in the deep basins when the ...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract It has been clearly established that the climate of Asia is significantly affected by high-elevation orogens such as the Tibetan Plateau, Mongolian Plateau and Tian-Shan. The East Asian Monsoon (EAM), one of the most prominent features of Asian climate, has been well studied in a modern context and its dynamics are generally well understood. However, specific features of the EAM are less studied and understood in a palaeoclimate context, largely because of associated uncertainties in pa...
Abstract Quaternary hydrological and ecological variation of the paleolakes, intermittently developed within the Hetao Basin in North China, is not only closely related to the evolution of the Yellow River discharge but also influenced by the East Asian summer monsoon. However, long-term variability history of hydrology and ecology of these lakes, as well as the driving mechanism, is still poorly understood. Here, we reconstructed the hydrological and ecological variation of these paleolakes sin...
#1Simon Matthias May (University of Cologne)H-Index: 13
#2Lennart Meine (University of Cologne)H-Index: 1
Last.Olaf Bubenzer (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Hillslopes represent areas of predominant denudation and constitute the transition and trajectory to floodplains; they play a crucial role in understanding the long-term landscape evolution of desert environments. However, although hillslope processes are known to be very slow or even stagnant in (hyper-) arid environments, process mechanisms under the virtual absence of water are poorly understood, and process rates are essentially unknown. Based on irrigation experiments, different mo...
4 CitationsSource
#1Marcin Słowik (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań)H-Index: 7
#2Mariusz Gałka (Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department)H-Index: 1
Last.Adam Marciniak (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań)H-Index: 1
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Abstract River deltas are complex aggradational systems preserving the history of their evolution in the depositional record. While coastal deltas are extensively studied, little is known about “false delta”, multi-channel systems situated at a certain distance from the sea. The term “false delta” is used here in reference to a system of bifurcating alluvial channels influenced by sea level changes, and variations in discharge and sediment delivery. These interactions resulted in the formation o...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs) are ubiquitous in marine environments. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether these brGDGTs are derived from terrestrial soils or produced in situ. Recently, it was proposed that the weighted average number of cyclopentane moieties of tetramethylated brGDGTs, #Ringstetra, could be used to identify sources of sedimentary brGDGTs in marine environments. However, little is known about #Ringstetra in seawater. In this study, we report #R...
Abstract The North Atlantic Current (NAC) as part of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is the major supplier of heat into the northern North Atlantic. Pliocene changes of AMOC strength were speculated to either have amplified or diminished the Northern Hemisphere Glaciation (NHG) 2.7 million years ago (Ma). However, from the North Atlantic, little evidence is known about AMOC changes at around 3.6 Ma. At this time the intensification of NHG started and culminated in the firs...
Abstract The Quaternary wind-blown Chinese loess-paleosol sequence, which developed as a product of the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glacial-interglacial cycles, is a major source of information on aridification of the Asian interior. In northeastern (NE) China, extensive loess deposits occur that have great potential for reconstructing the long-term paleoclimatic evolution of the region. Despite existing geochemical data indicate that the probable major source areas for these loess de...
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