Match!

Avoiding lodging in irrigated spring wheat. II. Genetic variation of stem and root structural properties

Published on Sep 1, 2016in Field Crops Research3.868
· DOI :10.1016/j.fcr.2016.06.007
F.J. Piñera-Chavez2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
P. M. Berry24
Estimated H-index: 24
(ADAS)
+ 2 AuthorsMatthew P. Reynolds60
Estimated H-index: 60
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Lodging-related traits were evaluated on the CIMMYT Core spring wheat Germplasm Panel (CIMCOG) in the Yaqui Valley of North-West Mexico during three seasons (2010–2013). Genetic variation was significant for all the lodging-related traits in the cross-year analysis, however, significant G × E interaction due to rank changes or changes in the absolute differences between cultivars were identified. The inconsistences on cultivar performances across seasons particularly reduced the heritability of key characters related to root lodging resistance (anchorage strength). Target characters related to stem lodging resistance (stem strength) showed good heritability values equal or above 0.70. Positive correlations between stem strength and stem diameter and between root plate spread and root strength were found. Selecting for greater stem diameter and wall width, greater root plate spread and shorter plant height could enable breeders to increase lodging resistance by increasing stem strength, root strength and decreasing plant leverage, respectively. Achieving a lodging-proof crop will depend on finding a wider root plate spread and implementing new management strategies. Genetic linkages between lodging traits will not constrain the combination of the key lodging-trait dimensions to achieve a lodging-proof ideotype. However, strong association between stem strength and stem wall width will increase the total biomass cost needed for lodging resistance.
Figures & Tables
  • References (52)
  • Citations (23)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
60 Citations
8 Authors (P. M. Berry, ..., A.R Ennos)
190 Citations
209 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References52
Newest
#1F.J. Piñera-Chavez (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 2
#2P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
Last. Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
view all 5 authors...
Abstract A model of the lodging process has been successfully adapted for use on spring wheat grown in North-West Mexico (NWM). The lodging model was used to estimate the lodging-associated traits required to enable spring wheat grown in NWM with a typical yield of 6 t ha −1 and plant height of 0.7 m to achieve a lodging return period of 25 years. Target traits included a root plate spread of 51 mm and stem strength of the bottom internode of 268 N mm. These target traits increased to 54.5 mm an...
13 CitationsSource
#1M. LanticanH-Index: 1
#2Hans-Joachim BraunH-Index: 26
Last. Olaf ErensteinH-Index: 26
view all 8 authors...
11 Citations
#1Gustavo A. Slafer (University of Lleida)H-Index: 59
#2Mónica Elía (University of Lleida)H-Index: 9
Last. Fernanda G. González (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 15
view all 8 authors...
Further improvements in wheat yields are critical, for which increases in grain number would be required. In the recent past, higher grain number was achieved through increased growth of the juvenile spikes before anthesis, due to the reduction in stem growth. As current cultivars have already an optimum height, alternatives must be identified for further increasing grain number. One of them is increasing fruiting efficiency (grains set per unit of spike dry weight at anthesis). Fruiting efficie...
35 CitationsSource
#1K. A. B. Aisawi (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 1
#2Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
Last. M. J. Foulkes (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
55 CitationsSource
#1P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
#2S. Kendall (ADAS)H-Index: 1
Last. Simon Griffiths (Norwich Research Park)H-Index: 27
view all 5 authors...
The relationship between crop height and yield is complex with genes and genetic markers for greater height associated with both increases and decreases in yield. As a result of this the optimum height for maximum potential yield is not well understood and has been estimated at between 70 and 100 cm. This study investigated the effect of plant breeding on the height of UK winter wheat varieties by analysing data on straw shortness scores and absolute height collected from UK national variety tes...
13 CitationsSource
#1P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
#2S. T. Berry (Groupe Limagrain)H-Index: 1
A genetic analysis of plant characters associated with lodging resistance, yield and other agronomic traits was made on two doubled haploid winter wheat populations grown at two UK locations in the 2004/2005, 2005/2006 and 2006/2007 seasons. Wide genetic variation was found for traits that affect lodging, including plant height, components of stem strength (stem diameter, wall width and material strength), components of anchorage strength (spread and depth of the root plate), ear area and shoot ...
12 CitationsSource
#1Z.K. LiH-Index: 1
#2X.L. JiangH-Index: 1
Last. J.C. TianH-Index: 1
view all 8 authors...
Biomass yield is one of the most important traits for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-breeding programs. Increasing the yield of the aerial parts of wheat varieties will be an integral component of future wheat improvement; however, little is known regarding the genetic control of aerial part yield. A doubled haploid population, comprising 168 lines derived from a cross between two winter wheat cultivars, 'Huapei 3' (HP3) and 'Yumai 57' (YM57), was investigated. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for to...
8 CitationsSource
#1Mateo Vargas (Chapingo Autonomous University)H-Index: 23
#2Emily Combs (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 4
Last. José Crossa (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 64
view all 6 authors...
Multienvironment trials (METs) enable the evaluation of the same genotypes under a variety of environments and management conditions. We present META (Multi Environment Trial Analysis), a suite of 33 SAS programs that analyze METs with complete or incomplete block designs, with or without adjustment by a covariate. Th e entire program is run through a graphical user interface. Th e program can produce boxplots or histograms for all traits, as well as univariate statistics. It also calculates bes...
32 CitationsSource
#1P. M. Berry (ADAS)H-Index: 24
#2John Spink (Teagasc)H-Index: 11
60 CitationsSource
#1Matthew P. Reynolds (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 60
#2John Foulkes (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 13
Last. Gustavo A. Slafer (Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies)H-Index: 59
view all 8 authors...
Wheat provides 20% of calories and protein consumed by humans. Recent genetic gains are <1% per annum (p.a.), insufficient to meet future demand. The Wheat Yield Consortium brings expertise in photosynthesis, crop adaptation and genetics to a common breeding platform. Theory suggest radiation use efficiency (RUE) of wheat could be increased ∼50%; strategies include modifying specificity, catalytic rate and regulation of Rubisco, up-regulating Calvin cycle enzymes, introducing chloroplast CO2 con...
215 CitationsSource
Cited By23
Newest
#1Sugandh Chauhan (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 1
#2Roshanak Darvishzadeh (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 18
Last. Andrew Nelson (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
1 CitationsSource
The low diversity of the D-subgenome of bread wheat requires the involvement of new alleles for breeding. In grasses, the allelic state of Growth Regulating Factor (GRF) gene is correlated with nitrogen uptake. In this study, we characterized the sequence of TaGRF-2D and assessed its diversity in bread wheat and goatgrass Aegilops tauschii (genome DD). In silico analysis was performed for reference sequence searching, primer pairs design and sequence assembly. The gene sequence was obtained usin...
Source
#1R. Zhang (GAU: Gansu Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
#2Zhifeng Jia (Qinghai University)H-Index: 1
Last. Y. Zhao (GAU: Gansu Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Lodging resistance can be improved by enhancing the mechanical strength of culms, and culm carbohydrates could improve this mechanical strength. Culm carbohydrates can regulate development of the culm and affect its toughness. The present study determines the relationship between lodging and carbohydrate content in oat culms. Field experiments were conducted in alpine regions in 2017 and 2018 using three oat varieties with different lodging resistance. Lodging-related morphological characteristi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Hongjun ZhangH-Index: 4
#2Teng LiH-Index: 1
Last. Li YangH-Index: 6
view all 12 authors...
Abstract Analysis of genetic progress for lodging-related traits provides important information for further improvement of lodging resistance. Forty winter wheat cultivars widely grown in the Yellow-Huai River Valleys Winter Wheat Zone (YHWZ) of China during the period of 1964–2015 were evaluated for several lodging-related traits in three cropping seasons. Plant height, height at center of gravity, length of the basal second internode, and lodging index decreased significantly in this period, a...
Source
#1Wei Wu (Haida: Hainan University)H-Index: 15
#2Bao-Luo Ma (AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)H-Index: 33
Source
#1Matthew P. ReynoldsH-Index: 60
#1Matthew S. ReynoldsH-Index: 27
Last. Sivakumar SukumaranH-Index: 12
view all 12 authors...
Abstract The word phenotyping can nowadays invoke visions of a drone or phenocart moving swiftly across research plots collecting high-resolution data sets on a wide array of traits. This has been made possible by recent advances in sensor technology and data processing. Nonetheless, more comprehensive often destructive phenotyping still has much to offer in breeding as well as research. This review considers the ‘breeder friendliness’ of phenotyping within three main domains: (i) the ‘minimum d...
2 CitationsSource
#1Irshad Ahmad (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 5
#2Muhammad Kamran (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 5
Last. Qingfang Han (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 12
view all 9 authors...
Lodging in plants is an important constraint that leads to yield losses and cause problems with mechanical harvesting. This research was aimed at determining the effects of foliar application of uniconazole or ethephon on lignin metabolism, characteristics of second basal internode and their relationship with lodging resistance in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In separate experiments, uniconazole was sprayed on the foliage at concentrations of 0, 15, 30 and 45 mg L–1, and ethephon at conc...
Source
#1Sugandh Chauhan (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 1
#2Roshanak Darvishzadeh (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 18
Last. Andrew Nelson (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Lodging - the bending of crop stems - reduces the quantity and quality of cereal crop yields. Early quantification of crop lodging is important to prevent further losses and to facilitate harvesting operations. Crop angle of inclination (CAI) is a quantitative measure of the lodging stage and a component of lodging severity/score. CAI is an important structural parameter for lodged crops and very few studies have investigated its estimation using satellite-based remote sensing. In this ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Su-Wei FengH-Index: 1
Last. Gan LiH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in the North China Plain (NCP) is threatened by wheat lodging. Therefore, enhancing plant lodging resistance by improving stem quality traits is crucial to maintaining high stable yields of winter wheat. A consecutive 7-year field experiment was conducted to study the effects of stem traits on lodging resistance and the yield of four winter wheat cultivars (Bainong 418, Aikang 58, Wenmai 6 and Zhoumai 18). The results indicated that rainfall is ofte...
Source
#1Wei Wu (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 15
#2Bao-Luo Ma (AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)H-Index: 33
Last. Harvey D. Voldeng (AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)H-Index: 19
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Crop lodging (stem and root lodging) is one of the main constraints limiting grain yield and quality in spring wheat production, especially under high–yielding conditions. Few studies have been conducted to clarify the trade–off between grain yield and lodging resistance, and assess whether it is possible to manage lodging risk without a yield reduction penalty. Developing appropriate nitrogen (N) fertilizer management strategies for driving grain yield/quality while reducing (or at lea...
1 CitationsSource