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Field Crops Research
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#1Amelia Jo Magistrali (Newcastle University)H-Index: 1
#2Radek Vavera (Research Institute of Crop Production)H-Index: 2
Last. Paul E. Bilsborrow (Newcastle University)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Spelt (Triticum spelta) is an ancient wheat which is attracting renewed interest with an increasing demand for wholegrains and ancient cereals in the diet. This study evaluates the yield and quality performance of four contrasting European spelt varieties (both landraces and modern cultivars) grown with different fertiliser types (cattle slurry, farm yard manure, and biogas digestate in comparison with mineral N) and rates (50 and 100 kg N ha−1) in contrasting environments, i.e. the UK ...
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#1João Vasco Silva (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 7
#2Tomás R. Tenreiro (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)
Last. Pytrik Reidsma (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Yield gaps and water productivity are key indicators to monitor the progress towards more sustainable and productive cropping systems. Individual farmers are collecting increasing amounts of data (‘big data’), which can help monitor the process of sustainable intensification at local level. In this study, we build upon such data to quantify the magnitude and identify the biophysical and management determinants of on-farm yield gaps and water productivity for the main arable crops cultiv...
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#1Philippe Malagoli ('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)H-Index: 1
#2Christophe Naudin ('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)H-Index: 7
Last. Guénaëlle Corre-Hellou ('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Cereal-legume intercropping has gained increased interest in Europe. Nevertheless, performance and especially the percentage of each species at harvest are often considered highly variable. Nitrogen (N) fertilisation can be a relevant driving factor affecting the percentage of each species at harvest. Soil N availability influences competition for light and nitrogen in cereal-legume intercrops. However, management of N fertilisation still remains unclear for intercrops. Few references o...
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#1Jirawat Salungyu (MU: Mahidol University)
Last. Patompong Saengwilai (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 8
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Abstract Variation of root traits is associated with soil resource acquisition under abiotic stresses. However, plant breeding programs targeting beneficial root traits are hampered by lacking appropriate phenotyping tools. The availability of high-throughput root phenotyping technologies for seedlings as well as for mature plants grown in the field enabled us to investigate trait translation from the lab to the field. Here we used the established phenotyping techniques Rhizoslides, Shovelomics,...
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#1Roberta Boselli (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 2
#2Andrea Fiorini (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 3
Last. Vincenzo Tabaglio (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Introducing no-till and cover crops in arable agro-ecosystems leads to the restoration of soil fertility, through the increase of soil organic matter (SOM), soil total nitrogen (STN), and available phosphorus (P), therefore maintaining or enhancing crop yield and reducing costs. Although the effects of those practices have been widely examined, many studies show conflicting results and little is known about the combined effects of no-till (NT) and cover crops (CCs) under intensive arabl...
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#1Shulan Wang (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 6
#2Hao Wang (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 5
Last. Jun Li (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 8
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Abstract The application of conservation tillage with less soil disturbance appears to serve as an effective strategy to conserve water for crops. A site-specific field study was carried out in accordance with rainfall conditions to evaluate the influence of tillage methods on soil water regime, crop yield and water use efficiency for a semiarid region of the Loess Plateau in China. Three tillage methods including no-tillage, subsoiling, and plow tillage were tested from 2008−2016. Our results s...
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#1Charles O. Orek (IITA: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture)H-Index: 1
#2Wilhelm Gruissem (NCHU: National Chung Hsing University)H-Index: 1
Last. Hervé Vanderschuren (Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Understanding drought tolerance mechanisms of cassava is a pre-requisite to improve the performance of the crop in water-scarce regions. Several hypotheses have been formulated to suggest how cassava can withstand a prolonged period of drought. We performed field trials under drought conditions with a selection of 37 cassava genotypes to identify phenotypic and molecular patterns associated with drought tolerance. Plant morphologies varied significantly between cassava genotypes under d...
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#1Qi Chen (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
#2Zeli Li (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
Last. Min Zhang (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Application of conventional phosphorus (P) fertilizer poses great concern due to its low P efficiency and potential eutrophication of P in sensitive waters. A novel biostimulant, Paecilomyces variotii extract (ZNC), with functionality of improving nutrient uptakes of crops, was integrated with diammonium phosphate coated with biobased polyurethane polymer in a three-year field trial. The objectives were to explore the effects and mechanisms of the controlled-release diammonium phosphate...
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#1Alan D. Severini (ANU: Australian National University)
#2Anton Wasson (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 10
Last. Michelle Watt (University of Melbourne)
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Abstract Modelling and limited data suggest that crops with deeper and longer roots capture more soil resources and yield more when water is available deeper in soil profiles. Interest has grown in the development of new cultivars with deeper roots. This study provides data from three field experiments to help researchers and breeders continue to assess the value of selecting for deeper roots for yield and water use efficiency gains. We asked: do genotype groups with shoot phenotypes easily sele...
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#1Paul R. GrundyH-Index: 1
#2Stephen J. Yeates (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 4
Last. Kerry L. BellH-Index: 3
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Abstract Growth and reproductive structure retention in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is dependent on light intensity, which is often irregular in tropical environments due to shading from cloudiness associated with the monsoon. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential effects that cloudiness-induced reproductive organ abscission and compensatory responses might have on cotton growth, partitioning and conversion of radiation to biomass (radiation use efficiency RUE) as this was un...
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