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‘Strong is the new skinny’: A content analysis of #fitspiration images on Instagram:

Published on Jul 1, 2018in Journal of Health Psychology2.26
· DOI :10.1177/1359105316639436
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Mia Zaccardo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Flinders University)
Cite
Abstract
‘Fitspiration’ is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. This study provides a content analysis of fitspiration imagery on the social networking site Instagram. A set of 600 images were coded for body type, activity, objectification and textual elements. Results showed that the majority of images of women contained only one body type: thin and toned. In addition, most images contained objectifying elements. Accordingly, while fitspiration images may be inspirational for viewers, they also contain a number of elements likely to have negative effects on the viewer’s body image.
  • References (27)
  • Citations (49)
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References27
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2016in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Leah Boepple3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USF: University of South Florida),
J. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(USF: University of South Florida)
Objective “Pro-ana” or Thinspiration websites are internet sites that support weight loss and eating disorders. Fitspiration websites are a newer type of site that supposedly advocates a fit and healthy lifestyle. Method The first 10 images from a sample of 50 Fitspiration and 50 Thinspiration websites, chosen using a standard internet search protocol, were rated on a variety of weight, eating, and appearance characteristics. χ2 analyses were conducted to compare website content. Results Thinspi...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Body Image3.12
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Mia Zaccardo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Flinders University)
Abstract Fitspiration is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of fitspiration images on women's body image. Participants were 130 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of Instagram fitspiration images or a control set of travel images presented on an iPad. Results showed that acute exposure to fitspiration images led...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Body Image3.12
Jannath Ghaznavi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Laramie D. Taylor12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Abstract The present study extends research on thinspiration images, visual and/or textual images intended to inspire weight loss, from pro-eating disorder websites to popular photo-sharing social media websites. The article reports on a systematic content analysis of thinspiration images ( N = 300) on Twitter and Pinterest . Images tended to be sexually suggestive and objectifying with a focus on ultra-thin, bony, scantily-clad women. Results indicated that particular social media channels and ...
Published on Jan 21, 2015in Health psychology open
David F Marks2
Estimated H-index: 2
Health is regulated by homeostasis, a property of all living things. Homeostasis maintains equilibrium at set-points using feedback loops for optimum functioning of the organism. Imbalances in homeostasis causing overweight and obesity are evident in more than 1 billion people. In a new theory, homeostatic obesity imbalance is attributed to a hypothesized ‘Circle of Discontent’, a system of feedback loops linking weight gain, body dissatisfaction, negative affect and over-consumption. The Circle...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Body Image3.12
Jasmine Fardouly9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Lenny R. Vartanian30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UNSW: University of New South Wales)
Abstract Use of social media, such as Facebook, is pervasive among young women. Body dissatisfaction is also highly prevalent in this demographic. The present study examined the relationship between Facebook usage and body image concerns among female university students ( N = 227), and tested whether appearance comparisons on Facebook in general, or comparisons to specific female target groups (family members, close friends, distant peers [women one may know but do not regularly socialize with],...
Published on Dec 1, 2014in Sex Roles2.28
Richard M. Perloff19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CSU: Cleveland State University)
Although there is a voluminous literature on mass media effects on body image concerns of young adult women in the U.S., there has been relatively little theoretically-driven research on processes and effects of social media on young women’s body image and self-perceptions. Yet given the heavy online presence of young adults, particularly women, and their reliance on social media, it is important to appreciate ways that social media can influence perceptions of body image and body image disturba...
Published on Jul 1, 2014in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Annalise G. Mabe1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FSU: Florida State University),
K. Jean Forney9
Estimated H-index: 9
(FSU: Florida State University),
Pamela K. Keel59
Estimated H-index: 59
(FSU: Florida State University)
Objective Social media sites, such as Facebook, merge two factors that influence risk for eating disorders: media and peers. Previous work has identified cross-sectional and temporal associations between Facebook use and disordered eating. This study sought to replicate and extend these findings using an experimental design. Method In Study 1, 960 women completed self-report surveys regarding Facebook use and disordered eating. In Study 2, 84 women were randomly assigned to use Facebook or to us...
Published on Jun 1, 2014in Journal of Early Adolescence1.75
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Amy Slater21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Flinders University)
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between media exposure and body image concerns in preteenage girls, with a particular focus on the Internet. A sample of 189 girls (aged 10-12 years) completed questionnaire measures of media consumption and body image concerns. Nearly all girls (97.5%) had access to the Internet in their home. Time spent on-line was significantly related to internalization of the thin ideal (as was time reading magazines and watching television), body surveil...
Evelyn P. Meier1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
James Gray1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract The present study examined the relationship between body image and adolescent girls' activity on the social networking site (SNS) Facebook (FB). Research has shown that elevated Internet “appearance exposure” is positively correlated with increased body image disturbance among adolescent girls, and there is a particularly strong association with FB use. The present study sought to replicate and extend upon these findings by identifying the specific FB features that correlate with body i...
Published on Sep 1, 2013in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Marika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University),
Amy Slater21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Flinders University)
Objective: The primary aim of the study was to examine the relationship between Internet exposure and body image concern in adolescent girls, with a particular focus on the social networking site of Facebook. Method: As ample of 1,087 girls in the first two years (Years 8 and 9) of high school (aged 13‐15 years) completed questionnaire measures of Internet consumption and body image concerns. Results: The overwhelming majority of girls (95.9%) had access to the Internet in their home. Time spent...
Cited By49
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2019in The Journal of Eating Disorders
Suman Ambwani (Dickinson College), Meghan Shippe (Dickinson College)+ 1 AuthorsSydney Bryn Austin51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Harvard University)
Background Although “clean eating” is widely propagated through social media and anecdotal reports in the popular press, there is almost no scientific research on this potentially risky dietary strategy. The current investigation explored definitions and perceptions of “clean eating” and its associations with indicators of disordered eating among diverse U.S.-based undergraduates.
Published on Oct 1, 2019in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Cheng-Ting Peng , Tai-Yee Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsDavid J. Atkin24
Estimated H-index: 24
Abstract This study examines the effects of Instagram fitspiration images on male viewers' work out intention by integrating the processes of social comparison and social cognitive theory. The results from 1428 Instagram users in Taiwan, with the directions of comparison (upward, lateral, and downward) manipulated, indicate that upward comparisons with attractive models would strengthen self-improvement motives related to working out. In addition, pleasant affective responses to the images and o...
Published on 2019in Self and Identity1.44
Rebecca J. Linnett (University of Leicester), Fraenze Kibowski1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NTU: Nottingham Trent University)
Published on Sep 20, 2019
R. D. Page20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Birmingham)
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Ar’Reon Watson , Sarah K. Murnen25
Estimated H-index: 25
Abstract Recent evidence suggests that the ideal female body has shifted from an ultra-thin image toward one that is both thin and toned, or muscular. Furthermore, the ideal male body may be more athletic, characterized by moderate muscularity combined with leanness, than bodybuilder-muscular. Thus, we experimentally examined women’s ( n = 92) and men’s ( n = 106) cognitive processing style in response to idealized body types, i.e., thin images, athletic images (thin and muscular), or hyper-musc...
Published on Jan 5, 2019in Sex Roles2.28
Chelsea P. Butkowski (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign), Travis L. Dixon21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Kristopher Weeks (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Selfies are self-taken self-portrait photographs captured with mobile phones, and they are among the most common forms of self-expression on the photo-based social network Instagram. Selfies display their subject’s face or body to social media followers and friends, making them particularly appearance-oriented images. As with other social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, Instagram posts garner feedback in the form of “likes” and comments from online audiences. When applied to selfies, such...
Published on 2019in Journal of Health Psychology2.26
Beth T. Bell6
Estimated H-index: 6
(York St John University),
Nova Deighton-Smith1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LBU: Leeds Beckett University),
Megan Hurst3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Sussex)
Adolescents access information about fitness, including content labelled as #fitspiration, through social media. Seventy-seven adolescents (M age = 12.49; SD = 0.55; Girls = 27) participated in semi-structured focus groups to explore their perspectives on #fitspiration and fitness more broadly. Through inductive thematic analysis, four themes were developed: (1) Fitness enhances physical function and appearance, but these are not always linked, (2) Fitness is transformative but requires hard wor...
Published on Jul 24, 2019in Sport Education and Society1.96
María José Camacho-Miñano2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Complutense University of Madrid),
Sarah MacIsaac2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh),
Emma Rich11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Bath)
ABSTRACTSocial media can become a site of public pedagogy (Rich, E., & Miah, A. (2014). Understanding digital health as public pedagogy: A critical framework. Societies, 4(2), 296–315. doi:10.3390/soc4020296) through which young people learn about health and fitness. Photo and video-sharing social networks are emerging as sites of media practices through which images of the perfect fit body circulate, popularly known as ‘fitspiration’ media. Our research examines how girls and young women negoti...
View next paper“Exercise to be fit, not skinny”: The effect of fitspiration imagery on women's body image