Agricultural Growth and Food Imports in Developing Countries: A Reexamination

Published on Jan 1, 1990
R.M. Bautista1
Estimated H-index: 1
The relationship between agricultural growth and food imports in developingcountries has recently attracted renewed interest among agricultural and trade economists. This is largely in reaction to the strong opposition by farmlobbies in the United States to development assistance programs abroad that promote foodgrain production allegedly to the detriment of U.S. agriculturalinterests,' which in turn was stimulated by the substantial fall in U.S. farm exports since 1981. The major food crops, including cereals, roots and tubers, pulses, groundnuts, plaintains and bananas, account for the bulk of total calorie intake indeveloping countries. Although they are net exporters of noncereal food staples, developing countries as a group i.port cereals much more heavily.For example, developing countries' exports of noncereal food crops averaged 7.8 million tons annually during the period 1979-83 whirh was only about
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