Agricultural Growth and Food Imports in Developing Countries: A Reexamination

Published on Jan 1, 1990
R.M. Bautista1
Estimated H-index: 1
The relationship between agricultural growth and food imports in developingcountries has recently attracted renewed interest among agricultural and trade economists. This is largely in reaction to the strong opposition by farmlobbies in the United States to development assistance programs abroad that promote foodgrain production allegedly to the detriment of U.S. agriculturalinterests,' which in turn was stimulated by the substantial fall in U.S. farm exports since 1981. The major food crops, including cereals, roots and tubers, pulses, groundnuts, plaintains and bananas, account for the bulk of total calorie intake indeveloping countries. Although they are net exporters of noncereal food staples, developing countries as a group i.port cereals much more heavily.For example, developing countries' exports of noncereal food crops averaged 7.8 million tons annually during the period 1979-83 whirh was only about
  • References (0)
  • Citations (5)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2 Authors (Ellie Dahl, Lisa House)
1 Citations
4 Authors (T. Edward Yu, ..., Eddie C. Chavez)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
Cited By5
#1Mark W. RosegrantH-Index: 57
Last. Nicostrato D. PerezH-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
This paper examines the global food security picture through 2020, using a model that incorporates 35 individual countries and regions and 17 commodities to estimate supply and demand for food. It concludes that if governments and the international community maintain current levels of commitment to agricultural growth through cost-effective investment in agricultural research, extension, irrigation and water development, human capital, and rural infrastructure, the world as a whole will not expe...
217 Citations
#1Thomas L. Vollrath (Economic Research Service)H-Index: 6
Abstract The aim of this paper is to establish a vision for foreign development assistance based upon the evolution of thought and empirical evidence found in the development literature. The paper spotlights the agricultural-led approach. The empirical record shows that agricultural growth had a more pronounced impact on increases in developing-country income than did growth in the nonagricultural sector. The reason for the differential impact is that developing countries focusing on agricultura...
1 CitationsSource
#1Romeo M. Bautista (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 9
Asian developing countries have had varying experiences in trade and agricultural development in the 1980s, attributable in part to their differing stages of economic development and structural characteristics. Other important influences relate to the external economic environment and the policy choices made by their governments not only during the period but also in the preceding decade. The achievements of Asian developing countries under the adverse external conditions of the 1980s are discus...
5 CitationsSource
#1William K. Jaeger (Williams College)H-Index: 17
Abstract This paper examines the causes of Africa's food crisis by examining patterns of food imports. The econometric results indicate that the rise in food imports during 1970-87 can be explained by a combination of demographic, policy, and economic factors which have raised domestic demand for imported food. These factors include urban migration, peaks in income (especially during commodity booms), lower international prices of food, and distorted exchange rates. After accounting for these fa...
21 CitationsSource
#1Xiling WuH-Index: 1
#2Xianbin Yao (ADB: Asian Development Bank)H-Index: 1
Previous empirical studies on the relationship between agricultural growth and farm imports in the LDCs suffer from serious methodological defects, which to some extent may invalidate their results and interpretations. This study used Sims' causality test to examine interactions between agricultural output and agricultural imports for 35 LDCs individually. It was found that there was no causality from agricultural output to agricultural imports for a majority of countries under study. For countr...
1 CitationsSource