Effectiveness of Xenon as a Fire Suppressant Under Microgravity Combustion Environment
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Combustion Science and Technology1.56
· DOI :10.1080/00102202.2015.1085033
ABSTRACTThe ‘FLame EXtinguishment’ (FLEX) program conducted by NASA on board the International Space Station (ISS) has been assisting in developing fire-safety protocols for low gravity applications through microgravity droplet combustion experiments. A wide range of fuels, including alcohols and alkanes, have been studied in different ambient conditions that also encompass the use of various diluent species and concentrations. A prime focus of the work has been to observe the relative effectiveness of atmospheric composition and pressure changes on fire suppression under ‘reduced’ gravity conditions. Here, detailed numerical simulations are performed to investigate the combustion and extinction characteristics of isolated sphero-symmetric 1.0–2.0-mm diameter methanol droplets burning in xenon (Xe)-enriched environments. Comparisons of diluent behaviors under identical conditions using argon (Ar), carbon dioxide (CO2), and helium (He) as the alternative diluent to nitrogen are also reported. The predictio...