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Molecular structures of viruses from Raman optical activity

Published on Oct 1, 2002in Journal of General Virology2.809
· DOI :10.1099/0022-1317-83-10-2593
Ewan W. Blanch30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Glas.: University of Glasgow),
Lutz Hecht41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
+ 4 AuthorsLaurence D. Barron51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
Abstract
A vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) study of a range of different structural types of virus exemplified by filamentous bacteriophage fd, tobacco mosaic virus, satellite tobacco mosaic virus, bacteriophage MS2 and cowpea mosaic virus has revealed that, on account of its sensitivity to chirality, ROA is an incisive probe of their aqueous solution structures at the molecular level. Protein ROA bands are especially prominent from which, as we have shown by comparison with the ROA spectra of proteins with known structures and by using a pattern recognition program, the folds of the major coat protein subunits may be deduced. Information about amino acid side-chain conformations, exemplified here by the determination of the sign and magnitude of the torsion angle χ2,1 for tryptophan in fd, may also sometimes be obtained. By subtracting the ROA spectrum of the empty protein capsid (top component) of cowpea mosaic virus from those of the intact middle and bottom-upper components separated by means of a caesium chloride density gradient, the ROA spectrum of the viral RNA was obtained, which revealed that the RNA takes up an A-type single-stranded helical conformation and that the RNA conformations in the middle and bottom-upper components are very similar. This information is not available from the X-ray crystal structure of cowpea mosaic virus since no nucleic acid is visible.
  • References (31)
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#2David J. Robinson (SCRI: Scottish Crop Research Institute)H-Index: 33
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Potato virus X (PVX) and narcissus mosaic virus (NMV) were studied using vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) in order to obtain new information on the structures of their coat protein subunits. The ROA spectra of the two intact virions are very similar to each other and similar to that of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) studied previously, being dominated by signals characteristic of proteins with helix bundle folds. In particular, PVX and NMV show strong positive ROA bands at ∼1340 cm−1 assigne...
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#2David J. Robinson (SCRI: Scottish Crop Research Institute)H-Index: 33
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Vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) spectra of tobacco rattle virus (TRV) and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) were measured and compared with a view to obtaining new information about the coat protein subunit structure of TRV. A sharp strong positive band observed at ∼1344 cm−1 in the ROA spectra of the two viruses is evidence that both contain a significant amount of a hydrated form of α-helix, but more in TRV than in TMV. Although the ROA spectrum of TMV shows significant positive intensity in...
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Abstract The initial appearance of 45% of the single-stranded RNA of satellite tobacco mosaic virus in electron density maps suggested the entire RNA conformation could be delineated. Subsequent work has localized nearly 80% of the RNA as stem-loop elements. Connection of the stem-loops in the most efficient manner produces a persuasive model for the encapsidated RNA. This arrangement has significant implications for virus assembly and for the essential roleof RNA.
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Abstract Comoviruses are a group of plant viruses in the picornavirus superfamily. The type member of comoviruses, cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), was crystallized in the cubic space group I23, a = 317 A and the hexagonal space group P6 1 22, a = 451 A, c = 1038 A. Structures of three closely similar nucleoprotein particles were determined in the cubic form. The roughly 300-A capsid was similar to the picornavirus capsid displaying a pseudo T = 3 ( P = 3) surface lattice. The three β-sandwich domain...
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We report the first observations of vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) on intact viruses. Specifically, ROA spectra of the filamentous bacteriophages Pf1, M13 and IKe in aqueous solution were measured in the range ∼600–1800 cm−1. On account of its ability to probe directly the chiral elements of biomolecular structure, ROA has provided a new perspective on the solution structures of these well-studied systems. The ROA spectra of all three are dominated by signatures of helical elements in ...
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