Match!

What Works to Improve the Quality of Student Learning in Developing Countries

Published on Jan 1, 2015in International Journal of Educational Development
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.11.012
Serena Masino2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Oxford),
Miguel Niño-Zarazúa11
Estimated H-index: 11
(World Institute for Development Economics Research)
Sources
Abstract
We conducted a systematic review to identify policy interventions that improve education quality and student learning in developing countries. Relying on a theory of change typology, we highlight three main drivers of change of education quality: (1) supply-side capability interventions that operate through the provision of physical and human resources, and learning materials; (2) policies that through incentives seek to influence behaviour and intertemporal preferences of teachers, households, and students; (3) bottom-up and top-down participatory and community management interventions, which operate through decentralisation reforms, knowledge diffusion, and increased community participation in the management of education systems. Overall, our findings suggest that interventions are more effective at improving student performance and learning when social norms and intertemporal choices are factored in the design of education policies, and when two or more drivers of change are combined. Thus, supply-side interventions alone are less effective than when complemented by community participation or incentives that shift preferences and behaviours.
  • References (86)
  • Citations (30)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1999
1 Author (Mitsue Uemura)
26 Citations
2006
55 Citations
16 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References86
Newest
In this article, I identify educational interventions with an impact on student learning in Sub-Saharan Africa. After a systematic literature search, I conducted a meta-analysis synthesizing 56 articles containing 66 separate experiments and quasi-experiments and 83 treatment arms. I evaluated 12 types of education interventions such as the provision of school supplies, the use of teacher incentives, and school-based management programs. I examine each intervention type, present analytics on rel...
37 CitationsSource
The quality of elementary education plays a critical role in an individual’s growth. Thus it has the capacity to develop a nation’s human resources. This study has examined the capabilities of young students who enrolled at the elementary level in schools located in India’s rural areas and their proficiency in different subjects, specifically their own regional language, mathematics and their knowledge of English. In order to measure the performances of students enrolled in Classes 1–VIII, the s...
25 CitationsSource
There is widespread agreement that schooling quality should be a priority in the post-2015 education agenda, but less agreement on how quality can be enhanced in a cost effective manner. In Uganda, classroom overcrowding is often considered a critical cause of poor learning outcomes. This paper investigates how various aspects of classroom composition, including class size and the achievement distribution of classmates, affect individual learning. Using test score data for over 250,000 children,...
4 CitationsSource
#1Abby Rubin RiddellH-Index: 2
#2Miguel Niño-Zarazúa (World Institute for Development Economics Research)H-Index: 11
This article reviews what has been learned over many decades of foreign aid to education and discusses what works and what does not work. It shows the positive contribution that aid has made to education in aid-recipient countries, the most tangible outcome of which is the contribution that aid makes to expanding enrolments especially of basic education. But the article also indicates that there is a considerable gap between what aid does and what it could potentially achieve, especially in rela...
35 CitationsSource
I gathered 77 randomized experiments (with 111 treatment arms) that evaluated the effects of school-based interventions on learning in developing-country primary schools. On average, monetary grants and deworming treatments had mean effect sizes that were close to zero and not statistically significant. Nutritional treatments, treatments that disseminated information, and treatments that improved school management or supervision, had small mean effect sizes (0.04–0.06) that were not always robus...
126 CitationsSource
#1Jere R. Behrman (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 74
#2Susan W. Parker (CIDE: Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas)H-Index: 20
Last. Kenneth I. Wolpin (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 49
view all 4 authors...
This paper evaluates the impact of three different performance incentive schemes using data from a social experiment that randomized 88 Mexican high schools with over 40,000 students into three treatment groups and a control group. Treatment 1 provides individual incentives for performance on curriculum-based mathematics tests to students only, treatment 2 to teachers only, and treatment 3 gives both individual and group incentives to students, teachers, and school administrators. Program impact...
49 CitationsSource
#1Esther Duflo (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 69
#2Pascaline Dupas (Stanford University)H-Index: 26
Last. Douglas E. Levy (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 199
view all 3 authors...
This brief summarizes the results of a gender impact evaluation study, entitled School governance, teacher incentives, and pupil-teacher ratios : experimental evidence from Kenyan primary schools, conducted between 2005 and 2006 in Kenya. The study observed the impact of a program under which Kenyan parent-teacher associations (PTAs) at randomly selected schools were funded to hire an additional teacher on a renewable contract, outside normal ministry of education civil service channels, at one-...
111 CitationsSource
#1PrathamH-Index: 2
ASAR report has made a great contribution to the discussions on our primary education policy. On a few parameters, these surveys show that the overall learning levels have deteriorated over the years. It shifts the focus from measuring how much the government is spending on education to whether children are learning. It also highlights the need to look at learning outcomes and not just at input norms such as availability of classrooms, teachers etc. The ASER survey also points out some fundament...
4 Citations
#1Shari KrishnaratneH-Index: 9
#2Howard WhiteH-Index: 36
Last. Ella CarpenterH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
In this working paper, Shari Krishnaratne, Howard White and Ella Carpenter analyse the evidence from 75 studies of a range of school interventions. The paper shows that education interventions are not only getting more children into school and keeping them there but are also helping children to learn more. There is compelling evidence of the effectiveness of conditional cash transfers on school enrolment and attendance. Health interventions also had a significant, positive impact on school atten...
28 CitationsSource
#1Trang Nguyen (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 2
This brief summarizes the information, role models and perceived returns to education experimental evidence from Madagascar. This paper shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the actual returns. The author conducted a field experiment in Madagascar to study alternative ways to provide additional information about the returns to education: simply providing statistics versus using a role model, an actual person sharing hi...
131 Citations
Cited By30
Newest
Source
#1Khadija Saoudi (ENSA: Entertainments National Service Association)
#2Razane Chroqui (ENSA: Entertainments National Service Association)H-Index: 1
Last. Chafik Okar (ENSA: Entertainments National Service Association)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Despite successive reforms and a high percentage of the national budget devoted to education, Morocco ranks among last in terms of student achievement. This article reviews the definition of student achievement, examines the measures targeting the improvement of student achievement in the last Moroccan educational reforms based on the three drivers identified by Masino and Nino-Zarazua (Int J Educ Dev 48:53–65, 2015). In addition, it identifies the main difficulties encountered in the implementa...
Source
Abstract Educational reform programs usually institute systemwide changes. However, this assumption of similar school problems mask variations between schools and students. The 2018 Philippine PISA data (n = 7233) reveal salient variations in academic achievement that happen between schools and among students. Between schools, material resource and school climate problems have different origins and influence depending on school type and location, while among students, gender and socioeconomic st...
Source
#1Jennifer C. Langill (McGill University)H-Index: 1
#2Alison S. Willis (University of the Sunshine Coast)H-Index: 3
Source
This study examines the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement in Mathematics among Grade 4 pupils located in 91 urban primary schools and 181 rural primary schools in Kenya. ...
Source
#1Ugochukwu Chinonso Okolie (Ebonyi State University)H-Index: 4
#2Paul Agu Igwe (IBS: International Business School, Germany)H-Index: 6
Last. Sunday MlangaH-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
One debate among business owners and policymakers centres on whether higher education institutions (HEIs) have failed to transform the younger generation by developing their competencies, skills, v...
2 CitationsSource
ABSTRACTThis article is aimed at discussing best practices for assurance of quality in higher education in Nigeria. Across the world, higher education institutions strive to attain high quality and...
Source
#1Moses NgwareH-Index: 14
#2James CieraH-Index: 4
Last. Maurice MutisyaH-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTThe paper examines the link between school effectiveness and academic performance among primary schools in Nairobi city, Kenya. Data are from 1120 teachers spread in 89 primary schools. Usi...
Source
#1Susanne Owen (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 10
Using effective models for continuing teacher and school leader education in developing countries is essential for long-term improvement of the education system and student outcomes. Instructional ...
Source
#1Paul Agu Igwe (IBS: International Business School, Germany)H-Index: 6
#2Dieu Hack-polay (IBS: International Business School, Germany)H-Index: 3
Last. Deborah Lock (IBS: International Business School, Germany)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTThis article examines the context of higher education (HE), policies and challenges in the West African context. A multi-level framework and analysis of reengineering, leading change in com...
3 CitationsSource