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SBDS mutations and isochromosome 7q in a patient with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome: no predisposition to malignant transformation?

Published on Oct 1, 2004in Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
· DOI :10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2004.02.001
Clemens H.M. Mellink9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Marielle Alders35
Estimated H-index: 35
+ 2 AuthorsTaco W. Kuijpers68
Estimated H-index: 68
(Boston Children's Hospital)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a genetic disorder characterized by pancreatic hypoplasia, recurrent infection, and bone marrow (BM) dysfunction. SDS-patients have an increased frequency of myelodysplasia and leukemic transformation. Unspecific cytogenetic aberrations are a common finding in SDS. However, in a rising number of patients abnormalities of chromosome 7 have been reported, especially an i(7)(q10), which seems to be a non-random chromosome abnormality. Recently, the SDS gene has been mapped at locus 7q11 and subsequently cloned; recurrent mutations have been found. We report a case of SDS with an i(7)(q10) in the BM and two different mutations in the SBDS gene. At the age of 25 years, the patient suffers from mild aplastic anemia but does not show any clinical sign of myelodysplasia or leukemic transformation.
  • References (22)
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References22
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#2Stuart H. OrkinH-Index: 164
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Summary. We report on nine children with Shwachman–Diamond syndrome (SDS), eight of whom had clonal abnormalities of chromosome 7. Seven children had an isochromosome 7 [i(7)(q10)] and one a derivative chromosome 7, all with an apparently identical (centromeric) breakpoint. Children with SDS are predisposed to myelodysplasia (MDS) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) often with chromosome 7 abnormalities. Allogeneic transplants have been used to treat these children, however, they are a high-risk t...
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Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by exocrine pancreatic dysfunction, haematological and skeletal abnormalities. We have previously defined the SDS locus as a 2.7 cM interval spanning the centromere of chromosome 7. To facilitate additional analysis of this complex and poorly characterised region, a framework of ordered genetic markers at 7p11-q11, including six newly identified, has been constructed using somatic cell, radiation hybrid and STS-con...
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Shwachman Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a genetic disorder characterized by pancreatic hypoplasia, recurrent infection and bone marrow dysfunction. Some cases have an abnormality of chromosome 7, such as isochromosome 7q (i(7q)), which may be associated with the development of leukemia. We present a boy who was diagnosed with SDS at 19 months of age. From age 5-14 years, bone marrow cytogenetics has shown a consistent abnormality - i(7q), with an intermittent separate abnormality - deletion 20q, fro...
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Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and hematologic and skeletal abnormalities. A genomewide scan of families with SDS was terminated at ∼50% completion, with the identification of chromosome 7 markers that showed linkage with the disease. Finer mapping revealed significant linkage across a broad interval that included the centromere. The maximum two-point LOD score was 8.7, with D7S473, at a recombination fractio...
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Background Patients with the Shwachman-Diamond syndrome often develop hematologic complications. No risk factors for these complications have so far been identified. The aim of this study was to classify the hematologic complications occurring in patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and to investigate the risk factors for these complications. Design and Methods One hundred and two patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, with a median follow-up of 11.6 years, were studied. Major hematologic...
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#1Johnson M. Liu (The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research)H-Index: 11
Shwachman–Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the SBDS gene in approximately 90% of cases. SDS is characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and bone marrow failure, which predisposes to the development of myelodysplastic syndrome and/or acute myeloid leukemia. In a new report, the French national cohort studied 102 SDS patients with a median follow-up of 11.6 years, focusing on the natural history of severe cytopenias. The authors concluded th...
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Summary An investigation of 22 new patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) and the follow-up of 14 previously reported cases showed that (i) clonal chromosome changes of chromosomes 7 and 20 were present in the bone marrow (BM) of 16 out of 36 cases, but if non-clonal changes were taken into account, the frequency of anomalies affecting these chromosomes was 20/36: a specific SDS karyotype instability was thus confirmed; (ii) the recurrent isochromosome i(7)(q10) did not include short arm...
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9 Conclusions: This study expanded the phenotypic features of SDS to include primary low-turnover osteoporosis and structural alterations in the brain. Pancreatic MRI showed characteristic changes in the SBDS mutation-positive patients while these were absent in the mutation-negative patients, suggesting that MRI can be used to differentiate patients harboring SBDS mutations from those without mutations. No evidence for clinical cardiac manifestations was found, but imaging studies revealed slig...