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A Multi-Level Systems Perspective for the Science of Team Science

Published on Sep 15, 2010in Science Translational Medicine17.16
· DOI :10.1126/scitranslmed.3001399
Katy Börner33
Estimated H-index: 33
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington),
Noshir Contractor36
Estimated H-index: 36
+ 7 AuthorsBrian Uzzi34
Estimated H-index: 34
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Abstract
This Commentary describes recent research progress and professional developments in the study of scientific teamwork, an area of inquiry termed the “science of team science” (SciTS, pronounced “sahyts”). It proposes a systems perspective that incorporates a mixed-methods approach to SciTS that is commensurate with the conceptual, methodological, and translational complexities addressed within the SciTS field. The theoretically grounded and practically useful framework is intended to integrate existing and future lines of SciTS research to facilitate the field’s evolution as it addresses key challenges spanning macro, meso, and micro levels of analysis.
  • References (30)
  • Citations (163)
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References30
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2010in Clinical and Translational Science
Holly J. Falk-Krzesinski9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NU: Northwestern University),
Katy Börner33
Estimated H-index: 33
(IU: Indiana University Bloomington)
+ 7 AuthorsBrian Uzzi34
Estimated H-index: 34
(NU: Northwestern University)
The public health, social, technological, and environmental problems that impact our world are complex, but increasingly we are able to address them through scientific pursuit (1). The sophistication of these challenges necessitates cross-disciplinary engagement and collaboration, and the longer-term interaction of groups of investigators—team science (2-9). Such team-based research collaborations are also an essential feature of a robust translational research enterprise (10, 11). The emerging ...
Published on Apr 28, 2010in arXiv: Physics and Society
Dirk Helbing78
Estimated H-index: 78
(ETH Zurich)
With our knowledge of the universe, we have sent men to the moon. We know microscopic details of objects around us and within us. And yet we know relatively little about how our society works and how it reacts to changes brought upon it. Humankind is now facing serious crises for which we must develop new ways to tackle the global challenges of humanity in the 21st century. With connectivity between people rapidly increasing, we are now able to exploit information and communication technologies ...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Science41.04
Francis S. Collins171
Estimated H-index: 171
The mission of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and to reduce the burdens of illness and disability. The power of the molecular approach to health and disease has steadily gained momentum over the past several decades and is now poised to catalyze a revolution in medicine. The foundation of success in biomedical research has always bee...
Published on Apr 1, 2009in Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication4.90
Noshir Contractor36
Estimated H-index: 36
(NU: Northwestern University)
Published on Nov 21, 2008in Science41.04
Benjamin F. Jones20
Estimated H-index: 20
(NU: Northwestern University),
Stefan Wuchty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(NU: Northwestern University),
Brian Uzzi34
Estimated H-index: 34
(University of California, Berkeley)
This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when the...
Published on Jan 1, 2008in American Journal of Preventive Medicine4.43
Julie Thomp24
Estimated H-index: 24
(WSU: Wayne State University)
Interdisciplinarity has become a widespread mantra for research, accompanied by a growing body of publications. Evaluation, however, remains one of the least-understood aspects. This review of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research evaluation catego- rizes lessons from the emergent international literature on the topic reviewed in 2007. It defines parallels between research performance and evaluation, presents seven generic principles for evaluation, and reflects in the conclusion on c...
Published on Aug 1, 2008in American Journal of Preventive Medicine4.43
Daniel Stokols50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UCI: University of California, Irvine),
Shalini Misra8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UCI: University of California, Irvine)
+ 2 AuthorsBrandie K. Taylor6
Estimated H-index: 6
Increased public and private investments in large-scale team science initiatives over the past two decades have underscored the need to better understand how contextual factors influence the effectiveness of transdisciplinary scientific collaboration. Toward that goal, the findings from four distinct areas of research on team performance and collaboration are reviewed: (1) social psychological and management research on the effectiveness of teams in organizational and institutional settings; (2)...
Published on Aug 1, 2008in Communication Theory3.40
Joann Keyton21
Estimated H-index: 21
(NCSU: North Carolina State University),
Debra J. Ford7
Estimated H-index: 7
(KU: University of Kansas),
Faye L. Smith8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Missouri Western State University)
Generally theorized and empirically examined as an organization phenomenon, collaboration may be more productively explored from a mesolevel model that simultaneously addresses group, organizational, and public frames. Examining how individuals communicate in those frames revealed four discursive productions of collaboration, which were previously undertheorized. Thus, we propose a communicative model that details the simultaneously occurring communication at multiple levels that gives rise to t...
Published on Aug 1, 2008in American Journal of Preventive Medicine4.43
Daniel Stokols50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UCI: University of California, Irvine),
Kara L. Hall16
Estimated H-index: 16
+ 1 AuthorsRichard P. Moser44
Estimated H-index: 44
Abstract The science of team science encompasses an amalgam of conceptual and methodologic strategies aimed at understanding and enhancing the outcomes of large-scale collaborative research and training programs. This field has emerged rapidly in recent years, largely in response to growing concerns about the cost effectiveness of public- and private-sector investments in team-based science and training initiatives. The distinctive boundaries and substantive concerns of this field, however, have...
Published on Aug 1, 2008in American Journal of Preventive Medicine4.43
Justin M. Nash25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Brown University)
The training of transdisciplinary science is distinct in its intention to develop scientists who synthesize the theoretical and methodologic approaches of different disciplines. As a result, transdisciplinary scientists are better prepared to address the complexities of health problems. The most common form of transdisciplinary training is the multi-mentor apprenticeship model, with each mentor training from his or her own discipline. The transdisciplinary trainee is faced with many challenges, ...
Cited By163
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Ana Teixeira de Melo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Centre for Social Studies),
Leo Simon Dominic Caves
Humanity’s biggest challenges call for organised collective action, informed by the most complex forms of thinking. Different forms of knowledge and practices of knowing operate at different levels of organisation within society. Scientific knowledge is one form of knowing, but the development of science under a culture of disciplinisation and increasing specialisation has led to its fragmentation and blinded it to the possibilities offered by the integration of knowledge. Interdisciplinarity an...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Research Policy5.42
Pablo D’Este19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Polytechnic University of Valencia),
Oscar Llopis5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Valencia)
+ 1 AuthorsAlfredo Yegros1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LEI: Leiden University)
Abstract Interdisciplinary research (IDR) has raised increasing expectations among scholars and policymakers about its potential to produce ground-breaking scientific contributions and satisfy societal demands. While existing research highlights that novel connections across fields is beneficial for scientific contributions with high academic impact, comparatively less is known about whether IDR is positively associated to scientists’ engagement with non-academic actors. To investigate this, we ...
Published on Apr 11, 2014in Perspectives on Psychological Science8.19
Eric Luis Uhlmann24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Christopher R. Chartier7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 7 AuthorsAmy Riegelman1
Estimated H-index: 1
Most scientific research is conducted by small teams of investigators who together formulate hypotheses, collect data, conduct analyses, and report novel findings. These teams operate independently...
Published on May 30, 2019
Ekaterina Olshannikova6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Thomas Olsson14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 1 AuthorsPeng Yao
Collaboration and social networking are increasingly important for academics, yet identifying relevant collaborators requires remarkable effort. While there are various networking services optimized for seeking similarities between the users, the scholarly motive of producing new knowledge calls for assistance in identifying people with complementary qualities. However, there is little empirical understanding of how academics perceive relevance, complementarity, and diversity of individuals in t...
Published on Jun 8, 2017in Information Systems Frontiers2.54
Fahimeh Ghasemian1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UI: University of Isfahan),
Kamran Zamanifar10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UI: University of Isfahan),
Nasser Ghasem-Aghaee14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UI: University of Isfahan)
Finding the right scholars for collaboration is crucial for scientific progress. In this study, a novel algorithm is proposed to find the successful team configurations for scientific collaboration in the presence of the collaboration network of scholars. In this algorithm, the collaboration network is exploited to estimate the trust level among team members and the skill level of the scholars, while a hypergraph is used to model the relations. Also, our algorithm improves the search process by ...
Jonathan Morgan Grove , Tracy A Pickett81
Estimated H-index: 81
,
Steward T. A. Pickett2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USFS: United States Forest Service)
Land system science can inform decision making to address societally important issues, including food, energy, and water security, livelihoods and lifestyles, biodiversity loss, and climate change. There is growing experience among scientists and practitioners with land systems as a transdisciplinary science. Most often, this experience has accumulated through short-term projects. However, there is a need for durable, long-term land system science platforms to address diverse types of complex, w...
Published on Aug 9, 2018in Western Journal of Nursing Research1.46
Vicki S. Conn40
Estimated H-index: 40
(MU: University of Missouri),
Anne Marie McCarthy38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UI: University of Iowa)
+ 10 AuthorsLazelle E. Benefield7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)
Formidable health problems are often best addressed by teams of scientists with varied expertise. This diversity among team members and complexities in managing teams can lead to challenges in designing, funding, conducting, and reporting research. Team science difficulties can be addressed by sophisticated planning, frequent reassessment and realignment of team strategies with goals, and consistent transparent communication. This article addresses specific strategies to build and sustain resear...
View next paperThe Science of Team Science Overview of the Field and Introduction to the Supplement