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Job stressors, emotional exhaustion, and need for recovery: A multi-source study on the benefits of psychological detachment

Published on Jun 1, 2010in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.387
· DOI :10.1016/j.jvb.2009.06.005
Sabine Sonnentag57
Estimated H-index: 57
(University of Konstanz),
Iris Kuttler1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Konstanz),
Charlotte Fritz19
Estimated H-index: 19
(BGSU: Bowling Green State University)
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Abstract
This paper examines psychological detachment (i.e., mentally ‘‘switching off”) from work during non-work time as a partial mediator between job stressors and low work-home boundaries on the one hand and strain reactions (emotional exhaustion, need for recovery) on the other hand. Survey data were collected from a sample of protestant pastors (N = 136) and their spouses (N = 97). Analyses showed that high workload, emotional dissonance, and low spatial work-home boundaries were related to poor psychological detachment from work during non-work time. Poor psychological detachment in turn predicted high levels of emotional exhaustion and need for recovery. Psychological detachment was a partial mediator between job stressors and strain reactions. This study avoids same-source bias and demonstrates the importance of psychological detachment in the stressor–strain relationship.
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  • Citations (222)
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Abstract The current work presents the first inquiry into the conversations people seek to avoid. We introduce the Topic Avoidance Process Model, proposing two distinct processes when an interaction partner brings up a topic one wishes to avoid. When topic avoidance is motivated by concern for creating a conflict, one is more likely to leave the conversation, through increased activating emotions (e.g., annoyance). When motivated by concern for privacy, one is more likely to remain quiet, throug...
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#1Lilian Gombert (Technical University of Dortmund)H-Index: 1
#2Wladislaw Rivkin (Aston University)H-Index: 6
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#1Yang Chen (CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Shuang Li (CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)H-Index: 1
This research tests whether the stressor-detachment model can explain the mechanism between workplace ostracism and employees’ unsafe behaviors. We used a self-report questionnaire to assess Chinese construction workers’ workplace ostracism, psychological detachment, emotional exhaustion, and unsafe behaviors. In total, 349 valid questionnaires were collected. We used cross-sectional structural equation modeling to assess our conceptual model. The results indicate that workplace ostracism has a ...
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#1Elisa ClaussH-Index: 1
#2Annekatrin Hoppe (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 8
Last. Deirdre O'Shea (UL: University of Limerick)H-Index: 8
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Psychological detachment from work is crucial for employees to replenish resources and maintain well-being. In this study, we tested the stressor detachment model (Sonnentag & Fritz, 2015. Recovery...
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#2Christine J. SyrekH-Index: 7
Last. Jessica de Bloom (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 14
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#1Yuanbo Gu (SNNU: Shaanxi Normal University)
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Working in early childhood education exposes preschool teachers to a wide variety of work stressors that deplete energy and necessitate recovery. Based on the effort-recovery model and conservation of resources theory, this two-wave study examined the effects of recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment and relaxation) on the association between several work stressors (i.e., work overload, emotional dissonance, and work–home conflict) on the one hand, and well-being outcomes (i.e., vi...
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#1F. Chaume (UPVM: Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III)
#2D. Gilibert (UPVM: Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III)
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