Job stressors, emotional exhaustion, and need for recovery: A multi-source study on the benefits of psychological detachment

Published on Jun 1, 2010in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.387
· DOI :10.1016/j.jvb.2009.06.005
Sabine Sonnentag57
Estimated H-index: 57
(University of Konstanz),
Iris Kuttler1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Konstanz),
Charlotte Fritz19
Estimated H-index: 19
(BGSU: Bowling Green State University)
This paper examines psychological detachment (i.e., mentally ‘‘switching off”) from work during non-work time as a partial mediator between job stressors and low work-home boundaries on the one hand and strain reactions (emotional exhaustion, need for recovery) on the other hand. Survey data were collected from a sample of protestant pastors (N = 136) and their spouses (N = 97). Analyses showed that high workload, emotional dissonance, and low spatial work-home boundaries were related to poor psychological detachment from work during non-work time. Poor psychological detachment in turn predicted high levels of emotional exhaustion and need for recovery. Psychological detachment was a partial mediator between job stressors and strain reactions. This study avoids same-source bias and demonstrates the importance of psychological detachment in the stressor–strain relationship.
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