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Parent Praise to 1‐ to 3‐Year‐Olds Predicts Children's Motivational Frameworks 5 Years Later

Published on Sep 1, 2013in Child Development5.02
· DOI :10.1111/cdev.12064
Elizabeth A. Gunderson15
Estimated H-index: 15
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Sarah J. Gripshover3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Stanford University)
+ 3 AuthorsSusan C. Levine46
Estimated H-index: 46
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Abstract
In laboratory studies, praising children's effort encourages them to adopt incremental motivational frameworks—they believe ability is malleable, attribute success to hard work, enjoy challenges, and generate strategies for improvement. In contrast, praising children's inherent abilities encourages them to adopt fixed-ability frameworks. Does the praise parents spontaneously give children at home show the same effects? Although parents' early praise of inherent characteristics was not associated with children's later fixed-ability frameworks, parents' praise of children's effort at 14–38 months (N = 53) did predict incremental frameworks at 7–8 years, suggesting that causal mechanisms identified in experimental work may be operating in home environments.
  • References (38)
  • Citations (134)
References38
Newest
#1Meredith Lee Rowe (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 19
#2Stephen W. Raudenbush (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 67
Last.Susan Goldin-Meadow (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 69
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#1Magdalena Mo Ching Mok (EUHK: Hong Kong Institute of Education)H-Index: 18
#2Kerry John Kennedy (EUHK: Hong Kong Institute of Education)H-Index: 19
Last.Phillip J. Moore (EUHK: Hong Kong Institute of Education)H-Index: 13
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#1Susan C. Levine (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 46
#2Linda Whealton Suriyakham (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 3
Last.Elizabeth A. Gunderson (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 15
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#1Andrei CimpianH-Index: 21
#2Holly Marie C. Arce (Stanford University)H-Index: 1
Last.Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 80
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Cited By134
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#1Kelsey Lucca (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 4
#2Rachel O. Horton (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 1
Last.Jessica A. Sommerville (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 23
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#1Kyla Haimovitz (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
#2Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 80
Last.Gregory M. Walton (Stanford University)H-Index: 30
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#1Julia A. Leonard (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 11
#2Andrea Garcia (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Last.Laura Schulz (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 27
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