Targeted therapy of hepatocellular cancer
Published on Feb 1, 2010in Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs4.03
· DOI :10.1517/13543780903514110
Importance of the field: Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide and third leading cause of cancer death. HCC is highly resistant to conventional systemic therapies, and prognosis for advanced HCC patients remains poor. However, identification of signaling pathways responsible for HCC growth and progression such as RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK or PI3K/AKT/mTOR has determined crucial molecular targets and led to development of novel promising targeted therapies.Areas covered in this review: This article presents molecular mechanisms responsible for development and progression of HCC and strategies aimed to block important molecules involved in signal transduction. It also reviews the clinical studies evaluating efficacy and safety of novel targeted approaches for treatment of this malignancy.What the reader will gain: Inhibition of molecular targets (ligands, membrane receptors and receptor-associated kinases) represents a promising strategy for treatment of HCC; in the case of sorafen...