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A method for rating the individual distinctiveness of domestic cats

Published on Aug 1, 1986in Animal Behaviour 2.67
· DOI :10.1016/S0003-3472(86)80160-9
Julie Feaver3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cambridge),
Michael Mendl44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Cambridge),
Patrick Bateson47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Cambridge)
Cite
Abstract
Abstract Fourteen adult female domestic cats were watched by two observers for 3 months. Ratings of 18 aspects of each cat's behavioural style were obtained independently from each observer. Correlations between observers were statistically significant for 15 of the 18 aspects and seven of the correlation coefficients were greater than 0·7. The ratings were compared with results of direct recording methods, where equivalent measures were available and, in five out of six cases, the results of the ratings and direct methods were significantly correlated. The rating method is, therefore, generally reliable and can be adequately validated. Some assessments of observer ratings which are not obviously and easily related to direct recordings may prove particularly useful in developmental studies of alternative modes of behaviour and the origins of individual differences.
  • References (13)
  • Citations (148)
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References13
Newest
Published on May 1, 1985in Animal Behaviour 2.67
Paul Martin13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Cambridge),
Patrick Bateson47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract A descriptive account is given of the development of locomotor play in the domestic cat ( Felis catus ) under laboratory conditions. The subjects were seven families, each family consisting of a mother and her two kittens and living in its own indoor pen. Each family was separately presented with a multi-level climbing frame for 30 min once every 3 days, between 36 and 60 days after birth (nine presentations in total). Kittens spent a substantial proportion of the observation session cl...
Published on May 1, 1985in Animal Behaviour 2.67
Paul Martin13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Cambridge),
Patrick Bateson47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract Two previous studies found that simulating aspects of early weaning, starting 5 weeks after birth, increased the frequency of object play and, to a lesser extent, social play in kittens. The present study further investigated this finding, using the lactation-suppressing drug bromocriptine to simulate a component of early weaning (a reduction in maternal milk production). The experimental manipulation was started a week earlier in ontogeny than in the previous studies. The subjects were...
Published on May 1, 1984in Integrative and Comparative Biology 3.10
Wallace J. Dominey1
Estimated H-index: 1
Difficulties with applying Evolutionarily. Stable Strategy (ESS) methodology and terminology to alternative mating behaviors (in which some males in local populations adopt strikingly different, often non-competitive, behavioral patterns) are reviewed. Definitions for “tactic” (behavioral phenotype) and “strategy” (evolved set of rules for expressing tactics) are given. Inconsistent and incorrect applications of “mixed,” “pure,” and “conditional” ESSs are discussed. Cases of condition-dependent ...
Published on Jan 1, 1983
David Magnusson41
Estimated H-index: 41
,
Vernon L. Allen25
Estimated H-index: 25
Published on Jan 1, 1982
R. I. M. Dunbar86
Estimated H-index: 86
(University of Cambridge)
Variability in behavior is examined in broad taxonomic scope with particular reference to mating strategies. The variety of strategy sets exhibited by a wide range of species is reviewed briefly and the basis of decision making in strategy choice outlined. Alternative strategies are especially likely to occur when the length of reproductive life is inversely related to the instantaneous reproductive rate due to asymmetries in competitive ability or to density- and demography-dependent effects on...
Published on Nov 1, 1981in Physiology & Behavior 2.63
Patrick Bateson47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Cambridge),
Paul Martin13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Cambridge),
Michelle Young3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract This study examined the effects of simulating certain aspects of early weaning on the development of play in kittens. A single injection of bromocriptine was used to interrupt the lactation of cat mothers at the beginning of the sixth week after the birth of their kittens. The mothers continued to show appropriate maternal behaviour. In the eighth week after birth, early-weaned kittens showed significantly higher frequencies of object play than controls. These results are similar to tho...
Published on Feb 1, 1981in Animal Behaviour 2.67
Patrick Bateson47
Estimated H-index: 47
(University of Cambridge),
Michelle Young3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract In seven litters of domestic cats, half of each litter of four were gradually separated from the rest of the family 31–39 days after birth. The separated kittens showed significantly higher frequencies of play on some measures. In part this was because they were more active, but when the play data were corrected for general activity differences, the separated kittens were still found to have played more. The influence of separation from the mother on play may be a facultative response b...
Published on Jan 1, 1981
P. J. B. Slater1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Sussex)
This article explores reasons for individual differences in animal behavior and points to various ways in which they deserve closer study. Differences in feeding, mating, or fighting behavior may occur because selection favors the adoption of different strategies by different individuals. Variations in signals may arise through selection for animals to be identifiable as individuals or for their relatedness to others to be assessed. The variability of behavior itself varies between different pat...
Published on Oct 1, 1980in Primates 1.36
Joan Stevenson-Hinde23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
R. Stillwell-Barnes3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
M. Zunz3
Estimated H-index: 3
At 1 year and 2.5 years of age, rhesus monkeys were removed from the colony to a strange situation. Upon introduction, each monkey was watched for 2 hr, given a series of behavioural tests, and watched again six days after introduction. Activity increased with age, as did readiness to approach a ball. Time spent looking at a mirror decreased with age. Although test measures were reliable at each age, there was no significantly positive correlation from one age to the next. Nevertheless, with mal...
Published on Jan 1, 1980in Behaviour 1.40
S. Howe1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cambridge),
M.J.A. Simpson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cambridge)
A varimax rotated solution of a Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was used to discover how in the rhesus monkey behavioural measures of interactions between mothers and infants and between infants and other members of the group clustered, in the sense that they were more strongly correlated with each other than with other measures. Eight week-old infants, living with their mothers in captive social groups, were the subjects, and the males and females were studied separately. A form of cluster ...
Cited By148
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Scientific Reports 4.01
Milla Salonen (UH: University of Helsinki), Katariina Vapalahti3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UH: University of Helsinki)
+ 2 AuthorsHannes Lohi37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UH: University of Helsinki)
Cat domestication and selective breeding have resulted in tens of breeds with major morphological differences. These breeds may also show distinctive behaviour differences; which, however, have been poorly studied. To improve the understanding of feline behaviour, we examined whether behavioural differences exist among cat breeds and whether behaviour is heritable. For these aims, we utilized our extensive health and behaviour questionnaire directed to cat owners and collected a survey data of 5...
Published on Jun 18, 2019in Animal 2.03
Judith L. Stella2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Candace C. Croney10
Estimated H-index: 10
Identifying coping styles in cats may lead to improved health and welfare. The aims of this study were to (1) identify individual differences in response to acute confinement, and (2) to assess the predictability of guardian-rated personality traits on behavior. Adult cats (n = 55) were singly housed in enriched cages and behavioral observations were recorded for three days. On day 3, familiar and unfamiliar person approach tests were conducted. Fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) were quanti...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Applied Animal Behaviour Science 1.82
Naila Fukimoto , Anna Beatriz Carnielli Howat-Rodrigues (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)+ 0 AuthorsOlívia Mendonça-Furtado
Abstract Personality in animals is a promising area dedicated to studies of temporally stable patterns of affect, cognition and behaviour. Regarding companion animals, personality assessments can promote successful adoptions relying on more than just the subjects’ physical appearance. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) 1 has implemented a program called Meet your Match ® (MYM) 1 , which assesses the personality of shelter cats. It allows adopters to choose the ...
Published on May 1, 2019in Applied Animal Behaviour Science 1.82
Mikel M. Delgado5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Mikel Delgado (UC Davis: University of California, Davis), Julie Hecht (Hunter College)
Abstract Although attention to domestic cat ( Felis silvestris catus ) behavior and cognition has increased in recent years, numerous questions remain regarding their play. Few studies have included play as a variable of interest, and to the best of our knowledge no behavioral studies focusing on cat play have been published in the last 15 years, and there is no recent review of our current understanding of its development, behavioral components, function, or outstanding research questions. This...
Published on Mar 27, 2019in Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Lori R. Kogan17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Patrick C. Carney
While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with approximately 70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence potential cat adopters’ decisions including a cat’s physical appearance and perceived personality. To explore elements related to the perception of cat personality, this study examined whether video...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Behavioural Processes 2.01
Kristyn R. Vitale (OSU: Oregon State University), Monique A. R. Udell16
Estimated H-index: 16
(OSU: Oregon State University)
Abstract Two experiments were conducted to assess the influence of human attentional state, population, and human familiarity on domestic cat sociability. Sociability behaviors included duration of time in proximity and contact with the human and the frequency of meow vocalizations. Human attentional state influenced cat behavior, with cats spending significantly more time in proximity with the attentive human in both the pet (U(22) = 389, Z = -2.72, P = 0.007) and shelter groups (F(44) = 15.34,...
Practical relevance:Cats are one of the most common companion animals in the world. However, relatively little scientific research has been conducted on cat behavior. With problem behaviors a leading reason for relinquishment of cats to shelters, or abandonment outdoors, solutions to address feline behavioral problems can have important welfare benefits. Because naturally occurring pheromones produce measurable species-specific responses in cats, the use of synthetic pheromone products consistin...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Applied Animal Behaviour Science 1.82
Péter Pongrácz24
Estimated H-index: 24
(ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University),
Julianna Szulamit Szapu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ELTE: Eötvös Loránd University)
Abstract Although domestic cats are among the most common companion animals, we still know very little about the details of the cat-human relationship. With a questionnaire, we asked 157 Hungarian cat owners about their pet’s behavior, cognitive abilities and social interactions. We analyzed the responses with PCA resulting in 11 traits. The effect of cats’ and owners’ demographic variables on the main components was further analyzed with GLM. The results showed strong similarity to the surveys ...
Published on Sep 5, 2018in PLOS ONE 2.78
Ivana Gabriela Schork1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Cristiano Schetini de Azevedo10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Robert J. Young72
Estimated H-index: 72
An animal’s welfare depends on an individual’s capacity to adapt to the environment in which it lives. This adaptation is directly associated with the quality of the environment and to the possibility of expressing natural behaviours. Horses kept in stables often display a range of abnormal behaviours related to lack of control over their environment, which can lead to behavioural and health problems. An individual’s personality also plays an important role in its susceptibility and resilience t...
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Applied Animal Behaviour Science 1.82
Rafael Paulino1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Sérgio Luiz Gama Nogueira-Filho9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Selene Siqueira da Cunha Nogueira7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract Differences in the temperament of individuals may influence how animals cope with environmental challenges and must be considered in a pre-release training program. In this study we aimed to evaluate individual distinctiveness in the expression of exploratory and anti-predatory behaviors of red-browed Amazon parrots ( Amazona rhodocorytha ) during a pre-release training program. We assessed individuals’ behavioral traits by both direct observation and rating methods during an open field...