Match!

Working memory and intelligence

Published on Jan 1, 2003in Personality and Individual Differences2.00
· DOI :10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00023-5
Roberto Colom Marañón42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid),
Carmen Flores-Mendoza14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UFMG: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais),
Irene Rebollo10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)
Cite
Abstract
Abstract The correlation perspective shows that working memory (WM) is strongly related to psychometric intelligence. Although there are numerous psychometric abilities, there is a powerful single source of variance, namely, g . g Is evidenced by the positive correlation between all psychometric cognitive abilities. The construct of WM distinguishes contents (verbal, numerical, spatial) and operations (storage and processing). However, some studies found a high correlation between several diverse WM tasks, which supports the construct validity of the concept of WM as one general cognitive resource. This study explores the structure of WM drawing on the methodology of intelligence structure research. Then, WM is related to intelligence. One hundred and eighty-seven participants took part in the study. WM was assessed through eight computerized tasks, while intelligence was assessed through the Raven Matrices or the PMA-R. The results show that WM can be considered as one general cognitive resource and that this resource is strongly related with intelligence ( r =+0.7). The statement that there is something underlying WM and intelligence is discussed.
  • References (12)
  • Citations (115)
Cite
References12
Newest
Published on May 1, 2004in Intelligence2.61
Roberto Colom Marañón42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid),
Irene Rebollo10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)
+ 2 AuthorsPatrick C. Kyllonen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Educational Testing Service)
This article analyzes if working memory (WM) is especially important to understand g. WM comprises the functions of focusing attention, conscious rehearsal, and transformation and mental manipulation of information, while g reflects the component variance that is common to all tests of ability. The centrality of WM in individual differences in information processing leads to some cognitive theorists to equate it with g. There are several studies relating WM with psychometric abilities like reaso...
Published on Dec 1, 2000in Personality and Individual Differences2.00
Klaus Oberauer49
Estimated H-index: 49
(UMA: University of Mannheim),
Heinz-Martin Süß14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UMA: University of Mannheim)
+ 2 AuthorsWerner W. Wittmann15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UMA: University of Mannheim)
Abstract Working memory capacity is differentiated theoretically along two dimensions: contents and functions. The resulting 3×3 matrix was operationalized by 23 tasks sampled from the literature. Data for these tasks from 128 participants were analyzed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Regarding the content facet, spatial working memory was clearly distinct from the other two content categories. A distinction between verbal and numerical working memory was not warranted. On the f...
Published on Jul 21, 2000in Science41.04
John S. Duncan120
Estimated H-index: 120
,
Rüdiger J. Seitz49
Estimated H-index: 49
+ 5 AuthorsHazel Emslie25
Estimated H-index: 25
Universal positive correlations between different cognitive tests motivate the concept of “general intelligence” or Spearman9s g . Here the neural basis for g is investigated by means of positron emission tomography. Spatial, verbal, and perceptuo-motor tasks with high- g involvement are compared with matched low- g control tasks. In contrast to the common view that g reflects a broad sample of major cognitive functions, high- g tasks do not show diffuse recruitment of multiple brain regions. In...
Published on Jun 1, 1997in Cognitive Psychology3.75
Vivek Prabhakaran28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Stanford University),
Jennifer Smith2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Stanford University)
+ 2 AuthorsJohn D. E. Gabrieli117
Estimated H-index: 117
(Stanford University)
Abstract We examined brain activation, as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging, during problem solving in seven young, healthy participants. Participants solved problems selected from the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test, a test known to predict performance on a wide range of reasoning tasks. In three conditions, participants solved problems requiring (1) analytic reasoning; (2) figural or visuospatial reasoning; or (3) simple pattern matching that served as a perceptual–motor cont...
Published on Jul 1, 1996in Journal of General Psychology0.81
Joseph M. Stauffer5
Estimated H-index: 5
(ISU: Indiana State University),
Malcolm James Ree24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Thomas R. Carretta17
Estimated H-index: 17
Abstract A battery of 10 traditional paper-and-pencil aptitude tests and a battery of 25 cognitive-components-based tests were administered to 298 men and women to investigate the common sources of variance in those batteries. Earlier confirmatory factor analyses showed each battery to have a hierarchical structure, each with a single higher order factor. The higher order factor in the paper-and-pencil battery had previously been identified as general cognitive ability, or g. The higher order fa...
Published on Jun 1, 1996in Nature43.07
Arthur R. Jensen54
Estimated H-index: 54
(University of California, Berkeley)
Published on Jan 1, 1996in Psychological Review6.27
Marcel Adam Just73
Estimated H-index: 73
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Patricia A. Carpenter50
Estimated H-index: 50
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Timothy A. Keller36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
This article has the dual goals of refuting some of Waters and Caplan's (1996a) incorrect descriptions concerning the empirical support for capacity theory, as well as pointing out the theoretical and empirical difficulties with Waters and Caplan's alternative hypothesis. This article has three sections: (a) a critique of Waters and Caplan's hypothesis, (b) a new functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) study of the reading-span task that supports the capacity theory and not Waters and Capla...
Published on Jan 1, 1992in Psychological Review6.27
Marcel Adam Just73
Estimated H-index: 73
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Patricia A. Carpenter50
Estimated H-index: 50
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
A theory of the way working memory capacity constrains comprehension is proposed. The theory proposes that both processing and storage are mediated by activation and that the total amount of activation available in working memory varies among individuals. Individual differences in working memory capacity for language can account for qualitative and quantitative differences among college-age adults in several aspects of language comprehension. One aspect is syntactic modularity: The larger capaci...
Published on Jan 1, 1992in American Journal on Mental Retardation
Douglas K. Detterman30
Estimated H-index: 30
,
John D. Mayer50
Estimated H-index: 50
+ 3 AuthorsR. Taylor1
Estimated H-index: 1
A modal model of information-processing was used to select a battery of nine tasks of basic cognitive ability (learning, relearning, reaction time, probe recall, Sternberg search, self-paced probe, stimulus discrimination, tachistoscopic full report, tachistoscopic partial report). Parameters from these tasks operationalized the model. After extensive pilot testing of the tasks to establish reliability, we tested 40 subjects (20 with mental retardation and 20 college students) on all tasks and t...
Published on Oct 1, 1990in Intelligence2.61
Patrick C. Kyllonen5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Raymond E. Christal4
Estimated H-index: 4
This paper is concerned with the relationship between two central constructs—reasoning ability and working-memory capacity—which arise from two distinct bodies of literature on individual differences in cognition, the psychometric and the information-processing, respectively. In four separate studies ( N = 723, 412, 415, and 594), we assessed reasoning ability using various tests from the psychometric literature, and working-memory capacity using tests constructed according to Baddeley's (1986) ...
Cited By115
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2019in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Otto Waris4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Åbo Akademi University),
Susanne M. Jaeggi31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UCI: University of California, Irvine)
+ 6 AuthorsMatti Laine48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Åbo Akademi University)
Abstract Studies have indicated that video gaming is positively associated with cognitive performance in select cognitive domains, but the magnitudes of these associations have been called into question, as they have frequently been based on extreme groups analyses that have compared video gamers with non-gamers. When including the whole range of participants, and not just extreme cases, these effects were observed to reduce markedly (Unsworth et al., 2015). To further study this issue, we compa...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Intelligence2.61
Fitim Uka1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Freiburg),
Catherine Gunzenhauser7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Leipzig University)
+ 1 AuthorsAntje von Suchodoletz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NYUAD: New York University Abu Dhabi)
Abstract Despite the importance of executive functions (EFs) and fluid intelligence for many everyday tasks, the evidence regarding associations between the two constructs remains limited and mixed. The present study is exploratory in testing a bidirectional model between various core components of EFs and fluid intelligence over the preschool period. A sample of 150 preschool children from Kosovo (51% girls) was tested on measures of EFs and fluid intelligence across three measurement waves. Au...
Published on Apr 30, 2019in PLOS ONE2.78
Abdullah Habib (Life Sciences Institute), Leanne Harris6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Life Sciences Institute)
+ 1 AuthorsCraig A. Melville20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Life Sciences Institute)
Background Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders. It is not clear whether working memory (WM) deficits are commonly experienced by individuals with ASD. Aim To determine whether individuals with ASD experience significant impairments in WM and whether there are specific domains of working memory that are impaired. Methods We conducted a meta-analysis using four electronic databases EMBASE (OVID), MEDLINE (OVID), PsychINFO (EBSCOHOST), and Web of Science, to ex...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Nature Human Behaviour
Bruno R. Bocanegra10
Estimated H-index: 10
(LEI: Leiden University),
Fenna H. Poletiek10
Estimated H-index: 10
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 1 AuthorsAndy Clark46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
Humans are nature’s most intelligent and prolific users of external props and aids (such as written texts, slide-rules and software packages). Here we introduce a method for investigating how people make active use of their task environment during problem-solving and apply this approach to the non-verbal Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices test for fluid intelligence. We designed a click-and-drag version of the Raven test in which participants could create different external spatial configuratio...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Biological Psychology2.63
Peera Wongupparaj3
Estimated H-index: 3
(BUU: Burapha University),
Alexander Sumich24
Estimated H-index: 24
(NTU: Nottingham Trent University)
+ 2 AuthorsRobin G. Morris72
Estimated H-index: 72
('KCL': King's College London)
A robust relationship between working memory (WM) and general intelligence (g) has been well established. Nevertheless, explanations for this relationship in terms of underlying neurocognitive processes are still inadequate. This study addresses this issue using an individual differences approach in which Central Executive System (CES) and Short-Term Storage (STS) components of WM are measured comprehensively and examined for their relationship with g via event-related potentials components (P20...
Published on Oct 2, 2018
Hongwei Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(PKU: Peking University),
Yanjie Su19
Estimated H-index: 19
(PKU: Peking University)
+ 3 AuthorsFeng Jin1
Estimated H-index: 1
ABSTRACTObjective: The aim of this research was to examine how candidates’ spatial working memory (WM) and visual perspective taking (VPT) skills could predict their training success.Background: To make pilot selection more effective, a body of research has focused on selection criteria. WM and VPT might be highly relevant to pilot training. However, very few studies have directly addressed their roles in training success.Method: Two hundred participants completed the computerized WM and VPT tas...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Revista De Psicodidactica2.10
Javier Cejudo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha),
José Vicente Salido López1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha),
Débora Rodrigo-Ruiz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UNED: National University of Distance Education)
Resumen El presente articulo tiene como finalidad evaluar los efectos de un programa para la mejora de la competencia en comunicacion linguistica en las variables aptitud verbal, razonamiento inductivo, rendimiento academico, autoeficacia en inteligencia linguistica y competencia linguistica. Se utiliza un diseno cuasi-experimental de medidas repetidas con grupo control. Los participantes son 204 estudiantes de 2. o curso de ESO (51.47% son mujeres) con una media de edad de 12.48 anos ( DT = 1.4...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Revista De Psicodidactica2.10
Javier Cejudo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha),
José Vicente Salido López1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha),
Débora Rodrigo-Ruiz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UNED: National University of Distance Education)
Abstract The present article aims to evaluate the effects of a programme to enhance proficiency in linguistic competence in verbal aptitude, inductive reasoning, academic performance, self-efficiency in linguistic intelligence and linguistic competence. For this aim, a quasi-experimental study was designed with repeated measurements and a control group. A total of 204 participants were taken from second year secondary schoolchildren (51.47% girls) with a mean age of 12.48 years ( SD = 1.48). The...
Published on Mar 7, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Michael Kranz8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Pauline L. Baniqued7
Estimated H-index: 7
(HWNI: Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute)
+ 2 AuthorsArthur F. Kramer A F99
Estimated H-index: 99
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
The variety and availability of casual video games presents an exciting opportunity for applications such as cognitive training. Casual games have been associated with fluid abilities such as working memory (WM) and reasoning, but the importance of these cognitive constructs in predicting performance may change across extended gameplay and vary with game structure. The current investigation examined the relationship between cognitive abilities and casual game performance over time by analyzing f...
Published on Feb 23, 2017
Shaofeng Li16
Estimated H-index: 16
View next paperWorking memory and intelligence: the same or different constructs?