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Personality and Values as Predictors of Medical Specialty Choice.

Published on Apr 1, 2011in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.387
路 DOI :10.1016/j.jvb.2010.09.006
Brian J. Taber5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Oakland University),
Paul J. Hartung9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NU: Northeastern University),
Nicole J. Borges20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Wright State University)
Abstract
Abstract Research rarely considers the combined influence of personality traits and values in predicting behavioral outcomes. We aimed to advance a germinal line of inquiry that addresses this gap by separately and simultaneously examining personality traits and physician work values to predict medical specialty choice. First-year medical students (125 women and 119 men) responded to measures of personality and physician work values. After graduation, participants' residency choices were identified. Results indicated that personality traits predict person- or technique-oriented medical specialty choice. Physician work values, whether used alone or in tandem with personality traits, however, did not significantly predict specialty choice. Implications for practice and research are discussed.
  • References (35)
  • Citations (35)
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#1Laura Parks (JMU: James Madison University)H-Index: 8
#2Russell P. Guay (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 8
In this manuscript we review the constructs of personality and values, clarifying how they are related and how they are distinct. We then relate that understanding to motivation, and propose that personality and values have different influences on different motivational processes. We present a model in which personality and values influence motivation via the motivational processes of goal content and goal striving.
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#1Ryan D. Duffy (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 34
#2Nicole J. Borges (Wright State University)H-Index: 20
Last. Paul J. Hartung (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 9
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Interests, personality, and values figure prominently in work motivation, yet little research has examined the combined influence of these factors on vocational behavior. The present study therefore examined relationships among these variables in a sample of 282 medical students (169 women, 113 men) who responded to the Strong Interest Inventory, NEO Personality Inventory鈥擱evised, and the Physician Values in Practice Scale. Supporting prior research, results indicated significant relationships b...
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#1Mary Elizabeth Rogers (Griffith University)H-Index: 11
#2Judith Searle (Griffith University)H-Index: 11
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#1Andreas Hirschi (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 26
Following the recent trend in psychology towards a more integrative view of personality, the study attempted to establish the connections and underlying complexes of fundamental personality dispositions within two cohorts of Swiss adolescents in eighth and eleventh grade (N = 492, ages 13 to 19): Big-Five basic traits, big six vocational interests, work values, and generalized self-efficacy and externality of control beliefs. Five factors were identified which accounted for 60% of variance among...
34 CitationsSource
#1Tanja Maiorova (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 4
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OBJECTIVE: Clinical experiences and gender have been shown to influence medical students' specialty choices. It remains unclear, however, which aspects of experiences make students favour some specialties and reject others. This study aimed to clarify the effects of clerkships on specialty choice and to identify explanatory factors. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study to collect data on career preferences and attitudes towards future careers among 3 cohorts of students before and...
57 CitationsSource
#1Mohammadreza Hojat (Thomas Jefferson University)H-Index: 48
#2Marvin Zuckerman (UD: University of Delaware)H-Index: 68
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Understanding the process by which students naturally construct and internalize their educational experiences relating to career development is important to career counseling. The author investigated how exploratory behaviors during a community-based field experience course contributed to the vocational development of 1st-year medical students. Behavioral exploration data regarding medical career development and specialty decision making were collected from 91 first-year medical students before ...
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