A broad-host-range Flp-FRT recombination system for site-specific excision of chromosomally-located DNA sequences: application for isolation of unmarked Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutants
Abstract An improved method for gene replacement in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was developed. The method employs several new gene replacement vectors that incorporate (1) the counterselectable sacB marker, (2) a lacZα -allele for blue–white screening, (3) the pUC18/19 vectors multiple cloning site with 10 unique restriction sites, (4) an oriT for conjugation-mediated plasmid transfer and (5) carbenicillin, gentamicin (Gm) and tetracycline selectable markers. A cassette was constructed that contains a Gm R selectable marker next to the green fluorescent protein structural gene, with both markers being flanked by Flp recombinase target ( FRT ) sites. The FRT cassette was used to insertionally inactivate the cloned P. aeruginosa pabC gene encoding aminodeoxychorismate lyase. After conjugal transfer into P. aeruginosa , plasmid integrants were selected, and deletion of unwanted DNA sequences was promoted by sucrose counterselection. The FRT cassette was excised with high frequencies (close to 100%) from the chromosome after conjugal transfer of a Flp recombinase-expressing plasmid; this sacB -containing plasmid was subsequently cured by sucrose counterselection, resulting in an unmarked P. aeruginosa ΔpabC strain.