Match!

Enabling Open Development Methodologies in Climate Change Assessment Modeling

Published on Nov 1, 2011in IEEE Software2.94
· DOI :10.1109/MS.2011.115
Joshua Introne7
Estimated H-index: 7
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Robert Laubacher12
Estimated H-index: 12
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Thomas W. Malone53
Estimated H-index: 53
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Cite
Abstract
Computational simulation models help support scientifically grounded "what if" analyses by translating specialized knowledge into tools that can project the likely future impact of current actions. Models have thus become important in a variety of policy domains. In recent years, several software platforms for environmental policy-making and urban planning have added simulation models to decision support tools to provide stakeholders with direct access to these models. In this paper, we discuss the development of a publicly accessible Web service called ROMA (Radically Open Modeling Architecture) that allows anyone to create, combine, and run modular simulations, which can aid climate policy deliberations. ROMA currently provides the modeling functionality in the Climate CoLab (http:// climatecolab.org), a collective intelligence application in which large numbers of people work together to develop proposals to address climate change. In time, we hope that ROMA will support a community focused on model development and analysis.
  • References (12)
  • Citations (7)
Cite
References12
Newest
Published on May 1, 2011 in CTS (Collaboration Technologies and Systems)
Joshua Introne7
Estimated H-index: 7
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Robert Laubacher12
Estimated H-index: 12
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsThomas W. Malone53
Estimated H-index: 53
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
The Climate CoLab is a system to help thousands of people around the world collectively develop plans for what humans should do about global climate change. This paper shows how the system combines three design elements (model-based planning, on-line debates, and electronic voting) in a synergistic way. The paper also reports early usage experience showing that: (a) the system is attracting a continuing stream of new and returning visitors from all over the world, and (b) the nascent community c...
Published on Mar 1, 2010in Journal of Machine Learning Research4.09
Dirk Gorissen14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Ivo Couckuyt12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 2 AuthorsKarel Crombecq11
Estimated H-index: 11
An exceedingly large number of scientific and engineering fields are confronted with the need for computer simulations to study complex, real world phenomena or solve challenging design problems. However, due to the computational cost of these high fidelity simulations, the use of neural networks, kernel methods, and other surrogate modeling techniques have become indispensable. Surrogate models are compact and cheap to evaluate, and have proven very useful for tasks such as optimization, design...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in IEEE Engineering Management Review
Thomas W. Malone53
Estimated H-index: 53
,
Robert Laubacher12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Chrysanthos Dellarocas35
Estimated H-index: 35
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Energy Economics4.15
Leon E. Clarke36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Joint Global Change Research Institute),
Jae Edmonds46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Joint Global Change Research Institute)
+ 3 AuthorsMassimo Tavoni32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Princeton University)
article i nfo Available online 24 October 2009 This paper presents an overview of the study design for, and the results of, the EMF 22 International Scenarios. The EMF 22 International Scenarios engaged ten of the world's leading integrated assessment (IA) models to focus on the combined implications of three factors integral to international climate negotiations: (1) the long-term climate-related target, expressed in this study in terms of the CO2-equivalent (CO2-e) concentration associated wit...
Published on May 1, 2009in Communications of The ACM5.41
J. Alex Halderman28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UM: University of Michigan),
Seth D. Schoen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Electronic Frontier Foundation)
+ 6 AuthorsEdward W. Felten50
Estimated H-index: 50
(Princeton University)
Contrary to widespread assumption, dynamic RAM (DRAM), the main memory in most modern computers, retains its contents for several seconds after power is lost, even at room temperature and even if removed from a motherboard. Although DRAM becomes less reliable when it is not refreshed, it is not immediately erased, and its contents persist sufficiently for malicious (or forensic) acquisition of usable full-system memory images. We show that this phenomenon limits the ability of an operating syste...
Published on Jun 24, 2008
William D. Nordhaus72
Estimated H-index: 72
As scientific and observational evidence on global warming piles up every day, questions of economic policy in this central environmental topic have taken centre stage. But as author and prominent Yale economist William Nordhaus observes, the issues involved in understanding global warming and slowing its harmful effects are complex and cross disciplinary boundaries. Ecologists see global warming as a threat to ecosystems, utilities as a debit to their balance sheets, and farmers as a hazard to ...
Published on May 18, 2008
Batya Friedman38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UW: University of Washington),
A. H. Boming39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UW: University of Washington)
+ 4 AuthorsPeyina Lin4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UW: University of Washington)
Supporting public participation is often a key goal in the design of digital government systems. However, years of work may be required before a complex system, such as the UrbanSim urban simulation system, is deployed and ready for such participation. In this paper, we investigate laying the foundations for public participation in advance of wide-scale public deployment, with the goal of having interaction designs ready when the system is put into such use. Moreover, in a highly politicized dom...
Published on Feb 1, 2007in Environmental Modelling and Software4.55
Michael Matthies26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University of Osnabrück),
Carlo Giupponi27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Milan),
Bertram Ostendorf23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Adelaide)
Development of environmental decision support systems (EDSS) is rapidly progressing. The sustainable management of natural resources has a growing research focus as the awareness of the complexity of interactions between socio-cultural, economical and biophysical system components is increasingly acknowledged. As better data and methods become available, the complexity of the system representation is augmenting. At the same time realism and relevance are increasing and allowing direct support fo...
Published on Apr 1, 2008in The American Economic Review4.10
Nicholas Stern54
Estimated H-index: 54
(LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)
�Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are exter nalities and represent the biggest market failure the world has seen. We all produce emissions, people around the world are already suffering from past emissions, and current emissions will have potentially catastrophic impacts in the future. Thus, these emissions are not ordinary, localized externalities. Risk on a global scale is at the core of the issue. These basic features of the problem must shape the economic analy sis we bring to bear; failure to...
Published on Jan 1, 2007
Nicholas Stern54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Cabinet Office)
There is now clear scientific evidence that emissions from economic activity, particularly the burning of fossil fuels for energy, are causing changes to the Earth´s climate. A sound understanding of the economics of climate change is needed in order to underpin an effective global response to this challenge. The Stern Review is an independent, rigourous and comprehensive analysis of the economic aspects of this crucial issue. It has been conducted by Sir Nicholas Stern, Head of the UK Governmen...
Cited By7
Newest
Published on Feb 25, 2017 in CSCW (Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work)
Thomas W. Malone53
Estimated H-index: 53
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Jeffrey V. Nickerson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Stevens Institute of Technology)
+ 4 AuthorsW. Ben Towne6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
A key issue, whenever people work together to solve a complex problem, is how to divide the problem into parts done by different people and combine the parts into a solution for the whole problem. This paper presents a novel way of doing this with groups of contests called contest webs. Based on the analogy of supply chains for physical products, the method provides incentives for people to (a) reuse work done by themselves and others, (b) simultaneously explore multiple ways of combining interc...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Journal of Network and Computer Applications5.27
Adnan Akhunzada8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Information Technology University),
Abdullah Gani38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Information Technology University)
+ 4 AuthorsSamee Ullah Khan35
Estimated H-index: 35
(NDSU: North Dakota State University)
The revolutionary concept of Software Defined Networks (SDNs) potentially provides flexible and well-managed next-generation networks. All the hype surrounding the SDNs is predominantly because of its centralized management functionality, the separation of the control plane from the data forwarding plane, and enabling innovation through network programmability. Despite the promising architecture of SDNs, security was not considered as part of the initial design. Moreover, security concerns are p...
Published on Feb 1, 2015in Journal of Network and Computer Applications5.27
Adnan Akhunzada8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Information Technology University),
Mehdi Sookhak13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Information Technology University)
+ 6 AuthorsMuhammad Khurram Khan38
Estimated H-index: 38
(KSU: King Saud University)
Man-At-The-End (MATE) attacks and fortifications are difficult to analyze, model, and evaluate predominantly for three reasons: firstly, the attacker is human and, therefore, utilizes motivation, creativity, and ingenuity. Secondly, the attacker has limitless and authorized access to the target. Thirdly, all major protections stand up to a determined attacker till a certain period of time. Digital assets range from business to personal use, from consumer devices to home networks, the public Inte...
Published on Sep 1, 2014in Chinese Science Bulletin
Fei-Yue Wang43
Estimated H-index: 43
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
DanielDajunZeng28
Estimated H-index: 28
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsJianping Cao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National University of Defense Technology)
Human flesh search (HFS), a Web-enabled crowdsourcing phenomenon, originated in China a decade ago. In this article, we present the first comprehensive empirical analysis of HFS, focusing on the scope of HFS activities, the patterns of HFS crowd collaboration process, and the characteristics of HFS participant networks. A survey of HFS participants was conducted to provide an in-depth understanding of the HFS community and various factors that motivate these participants to contribute. This arti...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering
C. K. Oputeh , Edward E. Ogheneovo3
Estimated H-index: 3
Information exchange has become an essential component in modern society. Vendors provide content to consumers, while consumers exchange information using e-mail, peer-to-peer systems, social networks, or other network applications. We rely on embedded software in our cars, the domotics, built into our homes, and other electronic devices on a daily basis. Obviously, all these applications rely on the correct functioning of software and hardware components. Often, software which is the driving fo...
Published on Feb 1, 2013in Künstliche Intelligenz
Joshua Introne7
Estimated H-index: 7
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Robert Laubacher12
Estimated H-index: 12
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsThomas W. Malone53
Estimated H-index: 53
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Global climate change is one of the most challenging problems humanity has ever faced. Fortunately, a new way of solving large, complex problems has become possible in just the last decade or so. Examples like Wikipedia and Linux illustrate how the work of thousands of people can be combined in ways that would have been impossible only a few years ago. Inspired by systems like these, we developed the Climate CoLab—a global, on-line platform in which thousands of people around the world work toge...
View next paperSecond International Workshop on Software Research and Climate Change