Thomas W. Malone
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Publications 185
#1Thomas W. Malone (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 55
Many people might think that strategic planning is one of the most difficult places for artificial intelligence—and computers more generally—to be useful in management. Tom Malone highlights that corporate strategic planning provides a useful illustration of several broad lessons about how computers are likely to be used in business. First, what matters most is not how smart the computers are alone but how smart the humans and computers are together. Second, in many cases, the most valuable cont...
Finding innovative solutions to complex problems is often about finding people who have access to novel information and alternative viewpoints. Research has found that most people are connected to each other through just a few degrees of separation, but successful social search is often difficult because it depends on people using their weak ties to make connections to distant social networks. Recursive incentive schemes have shown promise for social search by motivating people to use their weak...
#1Ishani AggarwalH-Index: 4
#2Anita Williams Woolley (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 18
Last.Thomas W. Malone (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 55
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Organizations are increasingly looking for ways to reap the benefits of cognitive diversity for problem solving. A major unanswered question concerns the implications of cognitive diversity for longer-term outcomes such as team learning, with its broader effects on organizational learning and productivity. We study how cognitive style diversity in teams—or diversity in the way that team members encode, organize and process information—indirectly influences team learning through collective intell...
2 CitationsSource
#1Laura PereiraH-Index: 10
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#1David Engel (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
#2Thomas W. Malone (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 55
Researchers in many disciplines have previously used a variety of mathematical techniques for analyzing group interactions. Here we use a new metric for this purpose, called “integrated information” or “phi.” Phi was originally developed by neuroscientists as a measure of consciousness in brains, but it captures, in a single mathematical quantity, two properties that are important in many other kinds of groups as well: differentiated information and integration. Here we apply this metric to the ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Victor Amelkin (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 3
#2Omid Askarisichani (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 2
Last.Ambuj K. Singh (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 26
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Today, many complex tasks are assigned to teams, rather than individuals. One reason for teaming up is expansion of the skill coverage of each individual to the joint team skill set. However, numerous empirical studies of human groups suggest that the performance of equally skilled teams can widely differ. Two natural question arise: What are the factors defining team performance? and How can we best predict the performance of a given team on a specific task? While the team members’ task-related...
Last.Thomas W. MaloneH-Index: 55
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Last.Thomas W. MaloneH-Index: 55
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Practicamente todos los logros humanos se han alcanzado gracias a grupos de personas, no a individuos aislados. A medida que las tecnologias inteligentes se van incorporando a procesos tradicionalmente humanos, va surgiendo una forma de colaboracion aun mas poderosa
#1Edmond Awad (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 6
#2Jean François Bonnefon (University of Toulouse)H-Index: 21
Last.Iyad Rahwan (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 32
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On the Web, there is always a need to aggregate opinions from the crowd (as in posts, social networks, forums, etc.). Different mechanisms have been implemented to capture these opinions such as Like in Facebook, Favorite in Twitter, thumbs-up/-down, flagging, and so on. However, in more contested domains (e.g., Wikipedia, political discussion, and climate change discussion), these mechanisms are not sufficient, since they only deal with each issue independently without considering the relations...
3 CitationsSource