Understanding offshoring: A research framework based on disintegration, location and externalization advantages
We present an analytical framework explaining offshoring in this paper. We address the question: why do firms offshore their business functions? Given the growing prevalence of offshoring as a dominant business practice in the world of global business, this question merits further research attention. We propose that firms embark on offshoring when they perceive three sets of interrelated advantages: disintegration advantages (D), location-specific resourcing advantages (L) and externalization advantages (E). Theories from multiple disciplines form the foundation of Disintegration-Location-Externalization (DLE) framework. Implications for managers, government policy makers and recommendations for future research are explored.