Changes in lymphocyte HSP70 levels in women handball players throughout 1 year of training: the role of estrogen levels
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry2.52
· DOI :10.1007/s13105-012-0148-0
Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a chaperone that maintains protein conformation during heat stress. It has recently been observed that HSP70 may be released from cells in response to increased energy demand (e.g., exercise) and/or oxidative stress. Since HSP70 levels should change in response to athletic training, we have investigated whether blood HSP70 levels in young women handball players change over a complete training season. Thirty women handball players (12–24 years old) were divided into low (≥30 pg mL−1) (LE) and normal (30–330 pg mL−1) (NE) estradiol groups. HSP70 levels in lymphocytes and plasma and blood redox parameters were evaluated over 1 year (2009), with sampling at the beginning, middle, and end of the season. We observed no changes in superoxide dismutase activity or protein carbonyl or extracellular HSP70 levels, while catalase activity increased at the middle of the season in the NE group, and the thiobarbituric acid species levels in both groups were higher at the beginning of the season than at the middle or end. The lymphocyte HSP70 content was higher at the middle and end than at the beginning of the season in the NE group and also higher in the LE group than in the NE group at the beginning of the season. These results suggest that plasma estradiol levels may play an important role in exercise training and that the intracellular HSP70 content, a biomarker for inflammation, is affected by both estradiol levels and exercise-induced oxidative stress.