Match!

Independent associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with metabolic risk factors in children: the European youth heart study

Published on Aug 6, 2007in Diabetologia7.113
· DOI :10.1007/s00125-007-0762-5
Ulf Ekelund86
Estimated H-index: 86
,
Sigmund A. Anderssen2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsSoren Brage66
Estimated H-index: 66
Abstract
Aims/hypothesis High levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) are associated with a favourable metabolic risk profile. However, there has been no thorough exploration of the independent contributions of cardiorespiratory fitness and subcomponents of activity (total PA, time spent sedentary, and time spent in light, moderate and vigorous intensity PA) to metabolic risk factors in children and the relative importance of these factors.
  • References (41)
  • Citations (391)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
206 Citations
234 Citations
200415.27Diabetes Care
7 Authors (Soren Brage, ..., Karsten Froberg)
470 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References41
Newest
#2Ashley R Cooper (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 46
Last. Lars Bo AndersenH-Index: 64
view all 7 authors...
234 CitationsSource
Purpose: This study examined the seasonal and intraindividual variation in objectively measured physical activity in 11- to 12-yr-olds. Methods: Children were asked to wear a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 d four times throughout the course of about a year. A random-intercepts model was used to separate the inter- and intraindividual components of physical activity. Gender, age, body mass index (BMI), height, and month of measurement were fitted to the model as potential confounders. Results: A to...
105 CitationsSource
#1Ulf Ekelund (Medical Research Council)H-Index: 86
#2Soren Brage (Medical Research Council)H-Index: 66
Last. Lars Bo AndersenH-Index: 64
view all 8 authors...
Background TV viewing has been linked to metabolic-risk factors in youth. However, it is unclear whether this association is independent of physical activity (PA) and obesity. Methods and Findings We did a population-based, cross-sectional study in 9- to 10-y-old and 15- to 16-y-old boys and girls from three regions in Europe (n = 1,921). We examined the independent associations between TV viewing, PA measured by accelerometry, and metabolic-risk factors (body fatness, blood pressure, fasting tr...
508 CitationsSource
#1SoJung Lee (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 35
#2Fida Bacha (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 31
Last. Silva A. Arslanian (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 64
view all 4 authors...
Objective: We examined whether the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and insulin sensitivity (IS)/secretion is independent of adiposity in healthy African-American (n = 65) and white (n = 57) youth. Research Methods and Procedures: IS and β-cell function were evaluated by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic and a 2-hour hyperglycemic (12.5 mM) clamp, respectively. Total fat was measured by DXA and abdominal fat with computed tomography. CRF (peak volume of oxygen) was measure...
35 CitationsSource
#2Yiling J. ChengH-Index: 39
Last. Edward W. GreggH-Index: 81
view all 5 authors...
OBJECTIVE —The purpose of this study was to examine the association of physical activity and cardiovascular fitness (CVF) with insulin sensitivity in a nationally representative sample of U.S. youth. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —The study included 1,783 U.S. adolescents (11% Mexican American, 14% non-Hispanic black, 63% non-Hispanic white, and 12% other) aged 12–19 years who were examined in the 1999–2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Physical activity was assessed by questio...
87 CitationsSource
#1Lars Bo Andersen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 64
#2Maarike Harro (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 23
Last. Sigmund A. Anderssen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 48
view all 7 authors...
Summary Background Atherosclerosis develops from early childhood; physical activity could positively affect this process. This study's aim was to assess the associations of objectively measured physical activity with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and derive guidelines on the basis of this analysis. Methods We did a cross-sectional study of 1732 randomly selected 9-year-old and 15-year-old school children from Denmark, Estonia, and Portugal. Risk factors included i...
1,146 CitationsSource
#1Carine Platat (Louis Pasteur University)H-Index: 10
#2A. Wagner (Louis Pasteur University)H-Index: 12
Last. C. Simon (Louis Pasteur University)H-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
Aims/hypothesis Physical activity has beneficial effects on symptoms of the metabolic syndrome and low-grade inflammation in adults. These associations have rarely been studied in adolescents. Moreover, it has not been established whether they depend on adiposity, fat localisation and adipokines.
97 CitationsSource
#1J.‐P. Turpeinen (University of Oulu)H-Index: 1
#2J. LeppävuoriH-Index: 1
Last. Y.A. Kesäniemi (University of Oulu)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
The simultaneous effects of body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, and muscle fiber characteristics on lipid oxidation at basal state and during exercise were studied in a population-based group (n=70) of middle-aged men. Body composition, oxygen uptake, and lipid oxidation were determined in a volitional maximal exercise test, physical activity with a questionnaire, muscle fiber characteristics with muscle biopsy, and resting metabolic rate and lipid oxidation at basal ...
11 CitationsSource
#1M Sj ostr omH-Index: 65
#2Patrick BergmanH-Index: 18
Last. Julia WärnbergH-Index: 41
view all 13 authors...
43 Citations
#2Martha Gulati (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 26
Last. Philip GreenlandH-Index: 97
view all 3 authors...
ContextPopulation surveys indicate that physical activity levels are low in the United States. One consequence of inactivity, low cardiorespiratory fitness, is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality, but the prevalence of cardiorespiratory fitness has not been quantified in representative US population samples.ObjectivesTo describe the prevalence of low fitness in the US population aged 12 through 49 years and to relate low fitness to CVD risk factors...
307 CitationsSource
Cited By391
Newest
Abstract Background This study examined the validity of the FitnessGram® criterion-reference cut-points for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) based on two samples of US adolescents (aged 12–15 years). This study also established the CRF cut-points for metabolically healthy weight status based on a recent national fitness survey for the purposes of cross-validating with pre-existing cut-points including FitnessGram. Methods Two cross-sectional data from the 2003–2004 National Health and Nutrition E...
Source
#1Frederick Ka Wing Ho (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 8
#2Hung-kwan So (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 1
Last. Albert Lee (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 25
view all 11 authors...
INTRODUCTION: Body mass index (BMI) categories and physical fitness are associated but the reciprocal relationship between BMI categories and physical fitness has not been investigated. This study aims to investigate the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between BMI categories and physical fitness. METHODS: This is a population-based 4-year cohort study in 48 elementary schools. Children aged 6 to 9 years at recruitment were included. BMI categories and physical fitness including handgrip str...
Source
#1Cunjian Bi (ECNU: East China Normal University)
#1Cunjian Bi (ECNU: East China Normal University)
Last. Xiaodi Cai (Xinjiang Normal University)
view all 5 authors...
We assessed trends in physical fitness by age group and nutrition status among children and adolescents in Xinjiang during 1985–2014. The data of 49,357 participants aged 7–18 were extracted in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2014. Growth and nutritional status were defined using World Health Organization definitions. A physical fitness indicator (PFI) was calculated as the sum of six components measured in every survey. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and PFI was investigated using nonline...
Source
#1Juan G. Fernández-Bustos (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 2
#2Juan Carlos Pastor-Vicedo (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 7
Last. R. Cuevas-Campos (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)
view all 4 authors...
Several studies have linked physical fitness (PF) with improvements in health, at a physiological and psychological level; however, there is little evidence of its relationship with health in the social field. Hence, the main aim of this study was to determine the existing relationship between PF and peer relations, as an indicator of social health in Spanish pre-teens. For that purpose, 642 participants aged 9 to 12 were chosen and given the high-priority Alpha Fitness battery in order to asses...
Source
#1Catia Morelli (University of Calabria)H-Index: 19
#2Ennio AvolioH-Index: 9
Last. Stefania Catalano (University of Calabria)H-Index: 33
view all 14 authors...
In adolescence, health status is influenced by several factors, including dietary pattern and physical activity (PA) which are crucial elements of lifestyle in terms of prevention and treatment of metabolic and chronic diseases. The current study aimed to explore the impact of the different intensity levels of PA along with the adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MD), on body composition indices and metabolic parameters in a cohort of adolescents, thereby investigating potential predictors of hea...
4 CitationsSource
#1Marja H. Leppänen (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 4
#2Eero A. Haapala (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 10
Last. Timo A. Lakka (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 80
view all 9 authors...
BACKGROUND: Associations of cardiometabolic risk factors with heart rate variability (HRV) in children are unclear. We examined associations of cardiometabolic risk score (CRS) and individual cardiometabolic risk factors with HRV variables in 6- to 8-year-olds. METHODS: The participants were a population-based sample of 443 children participating in baseline measurements of the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children trial. Cardiometabolic risk factors included waist circumference (WC), insu...
Source
#1Justin J. Lang (Public Health Agency of Canada)H-Index: 11
#2Emily Wolfe Phillips (Public Health Agency of Canada)H-Index: 1
Last. Stephanie A. Prince (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
The objective of this study was to establish cut-points to help identify potential clustered cardiometabolic risk among children (9–13 years) and youth (14–17 years) using the modified Canadian Aer...
2 CitationsSource
#1Laurent Béghin (university of lille)H-Index: 31
#2Jérémy Vanhelst (university of lille)H-Index: 15
Last. Frédéric Gottrand (university of lille)H-Index: 53
view all 8 authors...
Background It has been shown that meteorological conditions and season affect physical activity (PA) during adolescence. Today, meteorological conditions have never been combined to study their influence on PA level in a single sample of a large adolescent multicountries population. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of meteorological conditions on PA in adolescents from several European countries. Methods The study included 2024 healthy adolescents aged 12.5–17.4 years who parti...
Source
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Universidad Pública de Navarra)
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
Last. Mikel Izquierdo (Universidad Pública de Navarra)H-Index: 52
view all 4 authors...
Background No previous systematic review has quantitatively examined the effect of physical exercise interventions on health-related physical fitness and blood pressure in children younger than 6 years old.
2 CitationsSource
#1Marius Renninger (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
#2Bjørge H. Hansen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 13
Last. Ulf Ekelund (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 86
view all 10 authors...
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome is increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population. To prevent an early onset, knowledge about its association with modifiable lifestyle factors is needed. OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and examine its cross-sectional associations with physical activity and sedentary time. METHODS Participants were 6009 children and adolescents from 8 studies of the International Children's Accelerometry Database. Physical activity and sedentary ...
Source