Prolyl 4-Hydroxylation of α-Fibrinogen: A NOVEL PROTEIN MODIFICATION REVEALED BY PLASMA PROTEOMICS*
Abstract Plasma proteome analysis requires sufficient power to compare numerous samples and detect changes in protein modification, because the protein content of human samples varies significantly among individuals, and many plasma proteins undergo changes in the bloodstream. A label-free proteomics platform developed in our laboratory, termed “Two-Dimensional Image Converted Analysis of Liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (2DICAL),” is capable of these tasks. Here, we describe successful detection of novel prolyl hydroxylation of α-fibrinogen using 2DICAL, based on comparison of plasma samples of 38 pancreatic cancer patients and 39 healthy subjects. Using a newly generated monoclonal antibody 11A5, we confirmed the increase in prolyl-hydroxylated α-fibrinogen plasma levels and identified prolyl 4-hydroxylase A1 as a key enzyme for the modification. Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of 685 blood samples revealed dynamic changes in prolyl-hydroxylated α-fibrinogen plasma level depending on clinical status. Prolyl-hydroxylated α-fibrinogen is presumably controlled by multiple biological mechanisms, which remain to be clarified in future studies.