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Cohort effects in cognitive development of children as revealed by cross-sectional sequences

Published on Jan 1, 1969in Developmental Psychology3.342
· DOI :10.1037/h0026997
Paul B. Baltes85
Estimated H-index: 85
(WVU: West Virginia University),
Guenther Reinert1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
  • References (17)
  • Citations (60)
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References17
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#2Strother CrH-Index: 1
Previous cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of age changes over the adult life span have reported contradictory age gradients. The apparent contradiction was assessed by means of a new research design, called the crosssequential method, which involves the repeated measurement of members of a cross-sectional sample. The SRA Primary Mental Abilities Test (PMA) and Schaie's Test of Behavioral Rigidity (TBR) were administered to a stratifiedrandom sample of 500 5s with quotas of 25 men and 25 ...
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The Primary Mental Abilities Test and the Test of Behavioral Rigidity were administered to 1060 Ss obtained by stratified-random sampling of the membership of a prepaid medical plan. Independent samples of 26 men and 26 women in each five-year interval in the age range from 21 to 76 years were tested in 1966 and 1963. Composite longitudinal and cross-sectional padients were constructed and examined for the effect of time and cohort differences. Time difference is defined as that component of cha...
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Sunzmary.-The rel~tive significance of developmental as compared with cultural changes in verbal behavior was estimated. The percentage agreement in primary responses to the Kent-Rosanoff Test was analyzed for the agc range from childhood to old addthood and for the tlme period from 1910 to 1964, by enumerating the degree of approximation ol a s~mplex (Guttman). Age of Ss was found to be a more important determinant for the agreement than time of testing. New norms for the Kent-Rosanoff word ass...
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#1A. Damon (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
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Summary. An examination of previous work on the relation of season of birth to educational backwardness suggests that an undue preponderance of Summer-born children might be found in special schools for the educationally subnormal. This suggestion is verified for a population of 265 children drawn from such schools. Two possible reasons for this effect are considered, that of differential entry to infant school, and the ‘age-group-position’ effect. It was not found possible to distinguish these ...
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Among a sample of adult intellectual subnormals, season of birth is significantly associated with the subsequent level of intellectual performance. An analysis of these data was made, together with climatic temperature levels during the embryonic development of these individuals. The association between season of birth and subsequent intellectual performance appears to be a result of the climatic changes (as measured by climatic temperature) occurring throughout pregnancy.
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