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A Comparison of Maternal Outcomes From an Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Prevention Program for Mothers Choosing an Intervention Versus Being Randomized

Published on Apr 1, 2013in Health Education & Behavior2.19
· DOI :10.1177/1090198112440576
Hilary F. Byrnes13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Brenda A. Miller27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Nicole Laborde1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Self-determination theory and substantial research findings suggest that more desirable outcomes may occur when participants are able to choose their prevention or treatment interventions, as having a choice may lead to greater motivation and feelings of self-efficacy. The present study examined the influence of having a choice of family-based prevention programs for youth alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use on mothers’ communication outcomes. Families (N = 496) were those with an 11- to 12-year-old enrolled in Kaiser Permanente medical centers at one of four locations. Results from multivariate repeated measures analyses supported the importance of having a choice for improved communication outcomes. As compared with families who were randomly assigned to a program, those allowed to choose showed improved tobacco-specific and peer pressure communication, with marginally improved alcohol communication. No differences were found between the groups for general communication. Results suggest that allowing m...
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  • Citations (2)
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References41
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#1Brenda A. Miller (Pacific Institute)H-Index: 27
#2Annette E. Aalborg (KP: Kaiser Permanente)H-Index: 6
Last. Richard Spoth (Iowa State University)H-Index: 53
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Many alcohol prevention programs advocate conversations about alcohol between parents and children because verbal communication is the most direct way for parents to express their thoughts, rules, and concerns about alcohol to their children, so called alcohol-specific communication. Nevertheless, research on the effects of alcohol-specific communication has produced inconsistent findings. This study examined the bidirectional links between frequency of alcohol-specific communication and early a...
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#1Hilary F. Byrnes (Pacific Institute)H-Index: 13
#2Brenda A. Miller (Pacific Institute)H-Index: 27
Last. Carolyn D. Keagy (Pacific Institute)H-Index: 2
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Reliability and validity of intervention studies are impossible without adequate program fidelity, as it ensures that the intervention was implemented as designed and allows for accurate conclusions about effectiveness (Bellg AJ, Borrelli B, Resnick B et al. Enhancing treatment fidelity in health behavior change studies: best practices and recommendations from the NIH behavior change consortium. Health Psychol 2004; 23: 443‐51). This study examines the relation between program fidelity with fami...
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We examined changes in adolescent self-reported parent-child communication using growth curve models conditional on family meal frequency over a 3.5-year period among a population of racially diverse, low-income adolescents from an urban environment (n = 4,750). Results indicated that although both family dinner frequency and adolescent perceptions of parent-child communication scores were characterized by negative linear growth over time (both p < .001), family dinner frequency was positively a...
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This 4-wave study among 309 Dutch adolescents and their parents examined changes in adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control and their links with the development of delinquent activities. Annually, adolescents and both parents reported on adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control, and adolescents reported on delinquent activities and parental support. Latent growth curve analyses revealed a linear decline in parental control between ages 13 and ...
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An important part of evidence-based practice is to include client preferences in the treatment decision-making process. However, based on previous reviews of the literature there is some question as to whether including client preferences actually has an effect on treatment outcome. This meta-analytic review summarized data from over 2,300 clients across 26 studies comparing the treatment outcome differences between clients matched to a preferred treatment and clients not matched to a preferred ...
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Abstract Background: Patient preference may influence intervention effects, but has not been extensively studied. Randomized controlled design ( N = 1075) assessed outcomes when women (60 years+) were given a choice of two formats of a program to enhance heart disease management. Methods: Randomization to “no choice” or “choice” study arms. Further randomization of “no choice” to: 1) Group intervention program format, 2) Self-Directed program format, 3) Control Group. “Choice” arm selected their...
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