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Health and Well-Being in the Workplace: A Review and Synthesis of the Literature

Published on Jun 1, 1999in Journal of Management 8.08
· DOI :10.1177/014920639902500305
Karen Danna1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Texas A&M University),
Ricky W. Griffin30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Texas A&M University)
Health and well-being in the workplace have become common topics in the mainstream media, in practitioner-oriented magazines and journals and, increasingly, in scholarly research journals. In this article, we first review the literature that serves to define health and well-being. We then discuss the primary factors associated with health and well-being, the consequences of low levels of health and well-being, and common methods for improving health and well-being in the workplace. Finally, we highlight important future directions for future theory, research, and practice regarding health and well-being from an organizational perspective.
  • References (86)
  • Citations (754)
James S. Boles2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Louisiana State University),
Mark W. Johnston22
Estimated H-index: 22
Joseph F. Hair5
Estimated H-index: 5
(College of Business Administration)
Recent research demonstrates that attitudes toward the workplace are influenced by both work and non-work domains. This study examines the inter-relationships of role conflict, role ambiguity, work-family conflict, emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction and propensity to leave in a sales environment. Results indicate that: role conflict is significantly related to emotional exhaustion; work-family conflict is significantly related to both emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction; and, that emot...
247 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2000
Denise M. Rousseau67
Estimated H-index: 67
Cary L. Cooper96
Estimated H-index: 96
Employees behaving badly - dimensions, determinants and dilemmas in the study of workplace deviants job insecurity is important, but not for the reasons you might think - the example of contingent workers international management and the circulation of ideas dysfunctional work behaviour in organizations relational models and organizational studies - applications to resource allocation and group process a relational approach to empowerment human resource management practices in the networked orga...
418 Citations
de Ae Rijk1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Utrecht University),
Le Pm Pascale Blanc11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Utrecht University)
+ 1 AuthorsJ. de Jonge7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Radboud University Nijmegen)
Empirical research on Karasek's job demand–control (JD-C) model has often failed to demonstrate the predicted interaction effect of high job demands and low job control on measures of strain. It has been suggested that the conceptualization of the control dimension as well as the neglect of workers' individual characteristics in the JD-C model may be responsible for its relative lack of empirical support. In the current study among 367 Dutch nurses from 18 intensive care units, a more focused me...
260 Citations Source Cite
Leif W. Rydstedt5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Stockholm University),
Gunn Johansson25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Stockholm University),
Gary W. Evans71
Estimated H-index: 71
(Cornell University)
The health consequences of occupational stress among male and female bus drivers were studied in an 18-month longitudinal study. Changes in workload appeared to influence spillover of fatigue from work to leisure, perceived effort at work, and psychosomatic symptoms at Time 2, controlling for outcome measures 18 months previously. The potentially stress-related intake of drugs was not affected by change in workload. No gender differences or any interactions between gender and occupational stress...
41 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 14, 1998in JAMA 47.66
Rachel M. Werner29
Estimated H-index: 29
Thomas A. Pearson71
Estimated H-index: 71
8 Citations Source Cite
Kate Sparks11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Manchester),
Cary L. Cooper96
Estimated H-index: 96
(University of Manchester)
+ 1 AuthorsArie Shirom37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Tel Aviv University)
A quantitative and qualitative review of existing literature on working hours and health was carried out. Meta-analyses were performed on 21 study samples. Results indicated small, but significant positive mean correlations between overall health symptoms, physiological and psychological health symptoms, and hours of work. Qualitative analysis of 12 other studies supported these findings of a positive relationship between hours of work and ill-health. Different factors which may obscure the rela...
464 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1997in Journal of Organizational Behavior 4.23
Sean Mullarkey6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Sheffield),
Paul R. Jackson34
Estimated H-index: 34
(University of Sheffield)
+ 2 AuthorsSusan M. Grey-Taylor2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Hertfordshire)
Summary Recent research suggests that the occurrence of operational problems in advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) places stressful demands on operators. Applying Karasek's demand-control model, we predict that two properties of operational problems, namely technological uncertainty and abstractness, interact with timing and method control to predict operator strain. The results failed to confirm ordinal effects for timing or method control, but showed a dis-ordinal (crossover) interaction ...
49 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1997
Alison Boyd1
Estimated H-index: 1
41 Citations
Published on Sep 1, 1997in Public Personnel Management 1.36
Pamela R. Johnson14
Estimated H-index: 14
Julie Indvik11
Estimated H-index: 11
In Alice in Wonderland, as the Queen of Hearts is shouting “Off with her head!” Alice says to the Cheshire Cat: “I don't think they play at all fairly, and they all quarrel so dreadfully one can't hear oneself speak—and they don't seem to have any rules in particular; at least, if there are, nobody attends to them—and you've no idea how confusing it all is…”1
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1997in The Health care supervisor
Umiker W1
Estimated H-index: 1
Violence in medical institutions is escalating and is not limited to emergency departments and psychiatric units. Employers, administrators, and supervisors share responsibility for controlling these assaults. Preventive measures are expensive, but not as expensive as the lack of safety control. Nor can safety be measured only in terms of dollars. This article offers a practical strategy for protecting employees, patients, and others from being assaulted. Language: en
8 Citations
Cited By754
Published on Feb 28, 2019in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1.81
Archana Shrestha4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Harvard University),
Dipesh Tamrakar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kathmandu University)
+ 8 AuthorsJosiemer Mattei19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Harvard University)
Background To increase cardiovascular disease prevention efforts, worksite interventions can promote healthy food choices, facilitate health education, increase physical activity and provide social support. This pioneer study will measure the effectiveness of a cafeteria and a behavioral intervention on cardio-metabolic risk in a worksite in Nepal.
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Published on Aug 1, 2019in Reliability Engineering & System Safety 4.14
S. Gerassis3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Vigo),
M.T.D. Albuquerque6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
+ 4 AuthorsJ. E. Martín3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Vigo)
Abstract A probabilistic Structural Equation Model (SEM) based on a Bayesian network construction is introduced to perform effective safety assessments for technicians and managers working on-site. Using novel AI software, the introduced methodology aims to show how to deal with complex scenarios in blasting operations, where typologically different variables are involved. Sequential Bayesian networks, learned from the data, were developed while variables were grouped into different clusters, re...
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Tourism Management 5.92
Lujun Su10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Central South University),
Scott R. Swanson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire)
Abstract The study explores the influence of perceived corporate social responsibility on the employee-corporate relationship (organizational trust, organizational identification) and subsequent well-being of employees and their engagement in green workplace behaviors. Respondents (n = 441) included employees from eight different hotels located in Changsha, China. Corporate social responsibility directly impacts trust, identification, well-being, and green behavior. Organizational trust and iden...
1 Citations Source Cite
Resume Cette etude vise a montrer l’interet des principes de la justice organisationnelle dans une demarche de prevention des risques psychosociaux. Suite a une presentation identifiant la justice organisationnelle comme predicteur de sante et de qualite de vie au travail, nous illustrons son application dans un diagnostic et une intervention aupres du personnel d’un hopital. Les reponses de 685 salaries a un questionnaire auto-administre ont permis de diagnostiquer un manque de soutien et de ju...
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Published on May 22, 2019in Problems and perspectives in management
Muhannad Akram Ahmad2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Al al-Bayt University),
Seif Obeid Al Shbiel1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Al al-Bayt University)
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Published on May 20, 2019in Work & Stress 3.14
Antonia J. Kaluza (Goethe University Frankfurt), Diana Boer12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Koblenz and Landau)
+ 1 AuthorsRolf van Dick46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Goethe University Frankfurt)
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Sabrina Zeike , Kyung-Eun Choi + 1 AuthorsHolger Pfaff23
Estimated H-index: 23
Due to the current digital transition, companies are under pressure to pursue digitalization and often initiate far-reaching transformation processes. As a result, managers must drive change within a company and are involved in important decision-making processes. In the present study, we focused on two cognitive job demands in managers related to change due to digital transformation: perceived choice overload and pressure from digitalization. We assumed that the extent of challenging cognitive ...
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Published on Apr 20, 2019in Policing & Society 1.51
Karen Bullock12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Surrey),
Jon Garland16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Surrey)
ABSTRACTIn times of increasing pressures on the police service, looking after the well-being of its staff has never been more paramount. However, there has been little academic consideration either of the nature of organisational support for officers injured in the line of duty, nor of the implications for injured officers and constabularies. This article aims to fill this lacuna by drawing on interviews with police officers in England and Wales to examine officers’ perceptions and experiences o...
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Fu-Sung Hsu (Zhangzhou Normal University), Yuan-an Liu (National Taiwan Normal University), Sheng-Hshiung Tsaur13
Estimated H-index: 13
(National Chiayi University)
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effects of organizational justice and workplace friendship on the relationship between workplace bullying and hotel employees’ well-being. Design/methodology/approach The research sample included 310 entry-level employees of international tourism hotels in Taiwan. This study adopted hierarchical regression for data analysis. Findings The study found that workplace bullying negatively impacted on hotel employees’ well-being. Orga...
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