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A hierarchical model of plumage: Morphology, development, and evolution

Published on Aug 15, 2003in Journal of Experimental Zoology1.72
· DOI :10.1002/jez.b.27
Richard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(KU: University of Kansas),
Jan Dyck7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract
Plumage is a complex component of the avian phenotype. The plumage of an individual is composed of numerous hierarchically arranged developmental and morphological modules. We present a hierarchical model of plumage that provides an intellectual framework for understanding the development and evolution of feathers. Independence, covariation, and interaction among plumage modules create numerous opportunities for developmental and evolutionary diversification of feather complexity and function. The hierarchical relationships among plumage modules are characterized by both top-down and bottom-up effects in which properties of modules at one level of the hierarchy determine or influence the properties of modules at lower or higher levels of the hierarchy. Plumage metamodules are created by covariation or interaction among modules at different levels of the hierarchy. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 298B: 73–90, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • References (50)
  • Citations (44)
References50
Newest
#1Mingke Yu (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 5
#2Ping Wu (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 23
Last.Cheng-Ming Chuong (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 61
view all 4 authors...
#1Matthew P. Harris (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 25
#2John F. Fallon (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 42
Last.Richard O. Prum (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 46
view all 3 authors...
#1Richard O. Prum (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 46
#2Scott Williamson (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 24
#1Qiang JiH-Index: 3
#2Mark A. Norell (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 57
Last.Dong RenH-Index: 25
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Cited By44
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#1Chad M. Eliason (FMNH: Field Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 9
#2Michael J. Andersen (UNM: University of New Mexico)H-Index: 12
Last.Shannon J. Hackett (FMNH: Field Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 26
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#1Chi-Chih Wu (Uppsala University)H-Index: 1
#2Axel Klaesson (Uppsala University)H-Index: 5
Last.Jochen B. W. Wolf (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 32
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#1Chih-Kuan Chen (NTU: National Taiwan University)H-Index: 5
#2Chun-Ping Yu (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 6
Last.Wen-Hsiung Li (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 94
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#1Yann Bourgeois (Paul Sabatier University)H-Index: 9
#2Boris Delahaie (Paul Sabatier University)H-Index: 7
Last.Claire Mould (Paul Sabatier University)H-Index: 1
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#1Lida Xing (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 18
#2Ryan C. McKellar (University of Regina)H-Index: 5
Last.Alexander P. Wolfe (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 47
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#1Chad M. Eliason (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 9
#2Matthew D. Shawkey (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 30
Last.Julia A. Clarke (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 27
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