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Richard O. Prum
American Museum of Natural History
144Publications
46H-index
6,690Citations
Publications 144
Newest
#1Jacob S. Berv (Cornell University)H-Index: 4
#2Leonardo Campagna (Cornell University)H-Index: 12
Last.Irby J. Lovette (Cornell University)H-Index: 44
view all 7 authors...
The complex landscape history of the Neotropics has generated opportunities for population isolation and subsequent diversification that place this region among the most species-rich in the world. Detailed phylogeographic studies are required to uncover the biogeographic histories of Neotropical taxa, to identify evolutionary correlates of diversity, and to reveal patterns of genetic connectivity, disjunction, and potential differentiation among lineages from different areas of endemism. The Whi...
#1Dakota E. McCoy (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
#2Victoria E. McCoy (University of Bonn)
Last.David Haig (Harvard University)H-Index: 42
view all 7 authors...
Male peacock spiders (Maratus, Salticidae) compete to attract female mates using elaborate, sexually selected displays. They evolved both brilliant colour and velvety black. Here, we use scanning electron microscopy, hyperspectral imaging and finite-difference time-domain optical modelling to investigate the deep black surfaces of peacock spiders. We found that super black regions reflect less than 0.5% of light (for a 30° collection angle) in Maratus speciosus (0.44%) and Maratus karrie (0.35%)...
#1Dakota E. McCoy (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
#2Teresa J. Feo (National Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 8
Last.Richard O. Prum (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 46
view all 4 authors...
Many studies have shown how pigments and internal nanostructures generate color in nature. External surface structures can also influence appearance, such as by causing multiple scattering of light (structural absorption) to produce a velvety, super black appearance. Here we show that feathers from five species of birds of paradise (Aves: Paradisaeidae) structurally absorb incident light to produce extremely low-reflectance, super black plumages. Directional reflectance of these feathers (0.05–0...
#1Jacob M. Musser (Yale University)H-Index: 6
#2Günter P. Wagner (Yale University)H-Index: 61
Last.Richard O. Prum (Yale University)H-Index: 46
view all 7 authors...
Birds and other reptiles possess a diversity of feather and scale-like skin appendages. Feathers are commonly assumed to have originated from ancestral scales in theropod dinosaurs. However, most birds also have scaled feet, indicating birds evolved the capacity to grow both ancestral and derived morphologies. This suggests a more complex evolutionary history than a simple linear transition between feathers and scales. We set out to investigate the evolution of feathers via the comparison of tra...
#1Christopher J. Clark (UCR: University of California, Riverside)H-Index: 14
#2Jimmy A. McGuire (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 32
Last.Richard O. Prum (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 46
view all 5 authors...
#1Patricia L. R. Brennan (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 12
#2Ian GeregH-Index: 1
Last.Richard O. Prum (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 46
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACT Ducks are an excellent group to study avian genital evolution. Penis morphology of ducks is diverse, and penis length and elaboration are positively correlated with levels of male competition resulting from forced extra-pair copulations, and with female genital elaboration resulting from sexual conflict. Here we examined whether penis morphology is affected by social environment. We found experimental evidence that in a male-biased social environment, consisting of several males and few...
#1Innes C. Cuthill (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 64
#2William L. Allen (Swansea University)H-Index: 11
Last.Almut Kelber (Lund University)H-Index: 40
view all 27 authors...
Coloration mediates the relationship between an organism and its environment in important ways, including social signaling, antipredator defenses, parasitic exploitation, thermoregulation, and protection from ultraviolet light, microbes, and abrasion. Methodological breakthroughs are accelerating knowledge of the processes underlying both the production of animal coloration and its perception, experiments are advancing understanding of mechanism and function, and measurements of color collected ...
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