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Richard O. Prum
American Museum of Natural History
144Publications
46H-index
6,690Citations
Publications 144
Newest
Published on May 15, 2019
Dakota E. McCoy1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Harvard University),
Victoria E. McCoy (University of Bonn)+ 4 AuthorsDavid Haig42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Harvard University)
Male peacock spiders (Maratus, Salticidae) compete to attract female mates using elaborate, sexually selected displays. They evolved both brilliant colour and velvety black. Here, we use scanning electron microscopy, hyperspectral imaging and finite-difference time-domain optical modelling to investigate the deep black surfaces of peacock spiders. We found that super black regions reflect less than 0.5% of light (for a 30° collection angle) in Maratus speciosus (0.44%) and Maratus karrie (0.35%)...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications 12.35
Dakota E. McCoy1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Harvard University),
Teresa J. Feo8
Estimated H-index: 8
(National Museum of Natural History)
+ 1 AuthorsRichard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(American Museum of Natural History)
Many studies have shown how pigments and internal nanostructures generate color in nature. External surface structures can also influence appearance, such as by causing multiple scattering of light (structural absorption) to produce a velvety, super black appearance. Here we show that feathers from five species of birds of paradise (Aves: Paradisaeidae) structurally absorb incident light to produce extremely low-reflectance, super black plumages. Directional reflectance of these feathers (0.05–0...
148 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 25, 2018in bioRxiv
Jacob M. Musser6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Yale University),
Günter P. Wagner61
Estimated H-index: 61
(Yale University)
+ 4 AuthorsRichard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Yale University)
Birds and other reptiles possess a diversity of feather and scale-like skin appendages. Feathers are commonly assumed to have originated from ancestral scales in theropod dinosaurs. However, most birds also have scaled feet, indicating birds evolved the capacity to grow both ancestral and derived morphologies. This suggests a more complex evolutionary history than a simple linear transition between feathers and scales. We set out to investigate the evolution of feathers via the comparison of tra...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Evolution 3.82
Christopher J. Clark14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of California, Riverside),
Jimmy A. McGuire32
Estimated H-index: 32
(University of California, Berkeley)
+ 2 AuthorsRichard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(American Museum of Natural History)
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Genome Biology and Evolution 3.94
Cong Liang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Yale University),
Jacob M. Musser6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Yale University)
+ 2 AuthorsGünter P. Wagner61
Estimated H-index: 61
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2017in The Auk 2.44
Patricia L. R. Brennan12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Massachusetts Amherst),
Ian Gereg1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsRichard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(American Museum of Natural History)
ABSTRACT Ducks are an excellent group to study avian genital evolution. Penis morphology of ducks is diverse, and penis length and elaboration are positively correlated with levels of male competition resulting from forced extra-pair copulations, and with female genital elaboration resulting from sexual conflict. Here we examined whether penis morphology is affected by social environment. We found experimental evidence that in a male-biased social environment, consisting of several males and few...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 4, 2017in Science 41.06
Innes C. Cuthill64
Estimated H-index: 64
(University of Bristol),
William L. Allen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Swansea University)
+ 24 AuthorsAlmut Kelber40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Lund University)
Coloration mediates the relationship between an organism and its environment in important ways, including social signaling, antipredator defenses, parasitic exploitation, thermoregulation, and protection from ultraviolet light, microbes, and abrasion. Methodological breakthroughs are accelerating knowledge of the processes underlying both the production of animal coloration and its perception, experiments are advancing understanding of mechanism and function, and measurements of color collected ...
68 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 17, 2016in bioRxiv
Cong Liang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Yale University),
Jacob M. Musser6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Yale University)
+ 2 AuthorsGünter P. Wagner61
Estimated H-index: 61
(Yale University)
Transcriptomic data yields valuable insights into cell type, tissue, and organ evolution. However, interpreting this data requires understanding how transcriptomes evolve. A particularly difficult problem is that cell type transcriptomes may not evolve independently. Here we present a statistical model to estimate the level of concerted transcriptome evolution and apply it to published and new data. The results indicate that tissues undergo pervasive concerted evolution in gene expression. Tissu...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Morphology 1.71
Teresa J. Feo8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Yale University),
Emma Simon1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Yale University),
Richard O. Prum46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Yale University)
Feathers exhibit an extraordinary diversity of shapes, which are used by birds to accomplish a diverse set of functions. Pennaceous feathers have a double branched morphology that develops from a tube of epidermis, and variation in branch geometry determines feather shape. Feather development is both complex (i.e., a simple developmental modification can have multiple effects on mature feather shape), and redundant (i.e., different developmental modifications can create the same shape). Due to t...
1 Citations Source Cite
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