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Creating, Consuming, and Connecting: Examining the Relationship Between Social Media Engagement and Loneliness

Published on Jul 20, 2015in Social media and society
Matthew Pittman5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UO: University of Oregon)
Abstract
This study explores the relationship between social media attitudes and behaviors and loneliness among college students. The study looks at the interaction of loneliness with three popular social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram), as well as how often those students create and/or consume content within each platform. A survey administered to 432 undergraduates at two universities in the Pacific Northwest identified a significant relationship between social media attitudes and behaviors and offline loneliness. In particular, as students’ affinity for Twitter and Instagram increased, their self-reported loneliness decreased. Similarly, the more they both created and consumed content within Twitter and Instagram, the more reported loneliness decreased. No significant correlations among attitudes, behaviors and loneliness were found for Facebook usage.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (8)
References25
Newest
Published on Jun 25, 2015in First Monday
Matthew Pittman5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UO: University of Oregon),
Alec C. Tefertiller1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UO: University of Oregon)
Social networking services like Twitter have changed the way people engage with traditional broadcast media. But how social is “second screen” activity? The purpose of this study is to determine if patterns of connected viewing (augmenting television consumption with a second screen) and co-viewing (watching television together) are different for traditionally broadcast, “appointment” television shows versus streaming, asynchronous television releases. This study explores this phenomena of “co-c...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2.60
D. Matthew T. Clark3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Natalie J. Loxton19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Stephanie J. Tobin9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UQ: University of Queensland)
We examined changes in loneliness over time. Study 1 was a cross-temporal meta-analysis of 48 samples of American college students who completed the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (total N = 13,041). In Study 1, loneliness declined from 1978 to 2009 (d = −0.26). Study 2 used a representative sample of high school students from the Monitoring the Future project (total N = 385,153). In Study 2, loneliness declined from 1991 to 2012. Declines were similar among White students (d = −0.14), Black stud...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in New Media & Society 4.80
Michael Chan10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
The number of mobile phone subscriptions worldwide reached almost 7 billion in 2013. Therefore, the social and psychological consequences of the technology are of great interest to new media scholars and policy makers. Adopting an affordance-based approach, this study examines how different uses of the mobile phone are related to individuals’ subjective well-being and social capital. Findings from a national survey showed that both voice and online communication with the mobile phone is positive...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Mobile media and communication
Paul Mihailidis9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Emerson College)
The increasing global ubiquity of mobile phones has called into question their efficacy as dynamic tools for engagement and participation in daily life. While there is little argument in their growth as primary communication tools, scholars have actively debated their role as conduits for dynamic and diverse, information flow. This study explores how an international cohort of university students uses mobile phones for daily communication and information needs. In spring 2012, 793 students from ...
Published on Nov 1, 2013in New Media & Society 4.80
Borae Jin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Yonsei University),
Namkee Park1
Estimated H-index: 1
This study developed a research model of mobile voice communication on the basis of the social skills deficit hypothesis. In the model, poor social skills were related to less face-to-face and mobile voice communication, which was linked to greater loneliness. Structural equation modeling analyses of survey responses from 374 adults supported the social skills deficit hypothesis in that poor social skills were related to less involvement in face-to-face communication and greater loneliness. Also...
Published on Feb 1, 2012in Personality and Individual Differences 2.00
Ashwini Nadkarni4
Estimated H-index: 4
(BMC: Boston Medical Center),
Stefan G. Hofmann71
Estimated H-index: 71
(BU: Boston University)
The social networking site, Facebook, has gained an enormous amount of popularity. In this article, we review the literature on the factors contributing to Facebook use. We propose a model suggesting that Facebook use is motivated by two primary needs: (1) the need to belong and (2) the need for self-presentation. Demographic and cultural factors contribute to the need to belong, whereas neuroticism, narcissism, shyness, self-esteem and self-worth contribute to the need for self-presentation. Ar...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Journal of Educational Computing Research 1.54
Lai Lei Lou1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SUNY: State University of New York System),
Zheng Yan14
Estimated H-index: 14
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
+ 1 AuthorsRobert F. McMorris4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
College students are using social network sites such as Facebook to communicate with their families and friends. However, empirical evidence is needed to examine whether there exists a reciprocal relationship between students’ use of social network sites and their psychological well-being. The present study focused on two reciprocally-related research questions: (a) Is there an impact of loneliness on Facebook intensity and motive for using Facebook among first-year college students? (b) Is ther...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Information Processing and Management 3.89
Alton Yeow-Kuan Chua28
Estimated H-index: 28
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh28
Estimated H-index: 28
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Chei Sian Lee19
Estimated H-index: 19
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
Using the uses and gratifications (UnG) theory, this paper explores the gratification factors for which people contribute and retrieve mobile content. Through the deployment of MobiTOP, a mobile content sharing application, it was found that perceived gratification factors for mobile content contribution were different from those for mobile content retrieval. In particular, factors which had significant positive effects on content contribution stemmed from leisure/entertainment and easy access. ...
Published on May 1, 2011in Convergence
Alice E. Marwick19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Microsoft),
danah boyd39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Microsoft)
Social media technologies let people connect by creating and sharing content. We examine the use of Twitter by famous people to conceptualize celebrity as a practice. On Twitter, celebrity is practiced through the appearance and performance of ‘backstage’ access. Celebrity practitioners reveal what appears to be personal information to create a sense of intimacy between participant and follower, publicly acknowledge fans, and use language and cultural references to create affiliations with follo...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Gina Masullo Chen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(SU: Syracuse University)
Twitter is an Internet social-network and micro-blogging platform with both mass and interpersonal communication features for sharing 140-character messages, called tweets, with other people, called followers. Hierarchical OLS regression of survey results from 317 Twitter users found that the more months a person is active on Twitter and the more hours per week the person spends on Twitter, the more the person gratifies a need for an informal sense of camaraderie, called connection, with other u...
Cited By8
Newest
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Information Processing and Management 3.89
Jang Hyun Kim3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SKKU: Sungkyunkwan University),
Yunhwan Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
(HUFS: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Abstract This study aims to explore the relationships between Instagram user characteristics and color features of their photos. Based on the assumption that individuals who are similar in characteristics would exhibit a similar style in their social media photos, this study pays attention to color as one of the key elements of style. An online survey to 179 university students measured their Big Five personality traits, narcissism, life satisfaction, loneliness, attitude to Instagram, and gende...
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Skyler T. Hawk20
Estimated H-index: 20
(CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong),
Regina J. J. M. van den Eijnden27
Estimated H-index: 27
(UU: Utrecht University)
+ 1 AuthorsTom ter Bogt32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UU: Utrecht University)
Abstract In line with a Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model of narcissism (Morf & Rhodewalt, 2001), the present study adopted a motivated self-construction perspective to examine longitudinal associations from adolescent narcissism to youth's social media disclosures, problematic social media use, and smartphone stress, respectively. Adolescents' attention-seeking motives were examined as a mediator of these over-time associations. In line with this model's account of self-image failure, we...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Jessica J. Joseph1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MRU: Mount Royal University),
Malinda Desjarlais5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MRU: Mount Royal University),
Lucijana Herceg (MRU: Mount Royal University)
Published on Sep 16, 2018
Katarzyna Kabzińska1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Poznań University of Economics),
Magdalena Wieloch1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Poznań University of Economics)
+ 1 AuthorsAgata Filipowska9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Poznań University of Economics)
Personalisation and profiling are of interest of every entity that deals with clients, users, etc. Profiling may concern interests, preferences, demographics, etc. This study is concerned with the issue of user’s colour preferences emerging from his personality. Connections between outcomes of the survey on the BFI-44 Personality Traits and 8 colours inspired by representations of Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions were analysed based on responses of 144 respondents. The results were analysed by appli...
Published on Jul 18, 2018 in BIS (Business Information Systems)
Magdalena Wieloch1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Poznań University of Economics),
Katarzyna Kabzińska1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Poznań University of Economics)
+ 1 AuthorsAgata Filipowska9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Poznań University of Economics)
Nowadays, a lot of attention is paid to personalisation of services and content presented to a user. Personalisation is based on profiles of a users built on top of diverse data: logs, texts, pictures, etc. The goal of the paper is to analyse a connection between a type of user’s personality and his colour preferences, to enable for personalisation. To reach this goal, correlations between outcomes of BFI-44 Personality Traits and colour preferences inspired by Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions for i...
Published on Apr 3, 2018in Information Technology & People 1.26
Hana Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SNU: Seoul National University),
Daeho Lee9
Estimated H-index: 9
(SKKU: Sungkyunkwan University),
Junseok Hwang16
Estimated H-index: 16
(SNU: Seoul National University)
Purpose Even though network externality plays an important role in users’ motivations to use services or products, the implications of this are not clear because previous studies did not distinguish between the number of peers and the number of total users. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that there is a difference between the two network externalities, i.e., the number of peers and the total number of users. To accomplish this, the perception of quality of life is considered t...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Tara M. Dumas7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Matthew A. Maxwell-Smith4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
+ 1 AuthorsPaul A. Giulietti1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Abstract We examined the extent to which emerging adults engage in different behaviors on Instagram, a popular social networking site, to gain attention and validation from others via “likes.” We also examined individual differences in the frequency of like-seeking behavior and motives for Instagram use as mediators of these relationships. Participants ( N = 198 and 265 (replication study)) were recruited via an online crowdsourcing portal to complete a survey. Results demonstrated that, as pred...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Matthew Pittman5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UO: University of Oregon),
Brandon Reich3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UO: University of Oregon)
Social media use continues to grow and is especially prevalent among young adults. It is surprising then that, in spite of this enhanced interconnectivity, young adults may be lonelier than other age groups, and that the current generation may be the loneliest ever. We propose that only image-based platforms (e.g., Instagram, Snapchat) have the potential to ameliorate loneliness due to the enhanced intimacy they offer. In contrast, text-based platforms (e.g., Twitter, Yik Yak) offer little intim...