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Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
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4493
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#2Kanagaraj Muthu-Pandian Chanthini (Manonmaniam Sundaranar University)H-Index: 1
Last.Sengottayan Senthil-Nathan (Manonmaniam Sundaranar University)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector that can transfer many deadly diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, Zika, and yellow fever viruses. Due to the developing resistance among the vector populations by the application of chemical insecticides, alternative eco-friendly vector management strategies are being focused. In this aspect, the present study was carried out to evaluate the mosquitocidal potentials of essential oil of Sphaeranthus amaranthoides (EO-Sa). EO-Sa was found to be e...
#1Xue-ping Huang (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
#2Jian Luo (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
Last.Feng Liu (SDAU: Shandong Agricultural University)H-Index: 9
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Abstract Sclerotinia sclerotiorum , which can cause Sclerotinia stem rot, is a devastating plant pathogen. This study aimed to assess the potential of pydiflumetofen, a new-generation succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicide, to control Sclerotinia stem rot. Pydiflumetofen exhibited favorable bioactivity in suppressing mycelial growth, sclerotial production and morphological changes, and the myceliogenic and carpogenic germination of sclerotia. Treatment with pydiflumetofen increased t...
#1Jing-jun Ruan (Guida: Guizhou University)
#2Wenfeng Weng (Guida: Guizhou University)
Last.Jianping Cheng (Guida: Guizhou University)
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Abstract A novel chymotrypsin inhibitor, named ClCI, was purified from coix seed ( Coix lacryma-jobi L.) by aqueous two-phase extraction, chymotrypsin–Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography and centrifugal ultrafiltration. ClCI was a 7.9 kDa competitive inhibitor with pI 6.54. The inhibition constants (K i ) for bovine pancreatic chymotrypsin and bacterial subtilisin were 1.27 × 10 −10 M and 1.57 × 10 −9 M respectively. ClCI had no inhibitory activity against bovine trypsin and porcine elastase. C...
Abstract Paraquat (PQ) is widely used as a herbicide around the world. PQ intoxication causes liver disease mainly in mammals. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a medication that has positive effects in reducing the liver intoxication caused by PQ. Here, after formulating a NAC noisome nanoparticle (NACNP), we compared the niosomes and NAC on liver toxicity caused by PQ. Thirty male rats were divided into 5 groups and were treated intraperitoneally with PQ and NAC and NACNP for 24 h. PQ group received ...
#1Zhaoxian Zhang (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
#2Beibei Gao (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 7
Last.Minghua Wang (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Chiral triazole fungicides have played a significant role in plant pathogen control. Although their enantiomers often exhibit different bioactivity, the mechanism of the stereoselectivity has not been well studied. The stereoselective bioactivity and mechanisms of prothioconazole and its chiral metabolites against plant pathogenic fungi were investigated. The results indicated that the metabolite exerted more fungicidal activities than the activities of the parent compound. R-Prothiocon...
#1Qing-Yu Xu (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 4
#2Pan Deng (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 3
Last.Guo-Qing Li (NAU: Nanjing Agricultural University)H-Index: 19
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Abstract An exploration of novel control strategies for Leptinotarsa decemlineata is becoming more pressing given rapid evolution of insecticide resistance and rise of production loss of potato. Dietary delivery of bacterially expressed double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is a promising alternative for management. An important first step is to uncover possible RNA-interference (RNAi)-target genes effective against both young and old larvae. Taiman (Tai) is a basic-helix-loop-helix/Per-Arnt-Sim transcrip...
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