Progress in Oceanography
Papers 2633
1 page of 264 pages (2,633 results)
Abstract This study aims to reveal the interaction between wind-induced internal waves and mesoscale features in a frontal region of the central Sea of Japan. A mooring system with an upward-looking acoustic Doppler current profiler was deployed over a meandering pathway of the Tsushima Warm Current. The annual record of horizontal current showed an extraordinary event of near-inertial internal waves (NIWs) that were trapped in a mesoscale warm-core eddy, characterized by negative vorticity anom...
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Abstract Solid taxonomy is the primary basis for many further-reaching studies in biology, such as biogeography. Here we reevaluate the taxonomic status of two species of the isopod crustacean family Macrostylidae Hansen, 1916 , Macrostylis grandis Birstein, 1970 and M. ovata Birstein, 1970 . Although they differ significantly in size and other morphological characteristics they share, amongst other character states, an oval habitus which makes them stand out from congeners. We test the hypothes...
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Abstract Seven South Pacific anguillid eel species live from New Guinea to French Polynesia, but their spawning areas and life histories are mostly unknown despite previous sampling surveys. A July–October 2016 research cruise was conducted to study the spawning areas and times, and larval distributions of South Pacific anguillid eels, which included a short 155°E station-line northeast of New Guinea and five long transects (5–25°S, 160°E–140°W) crossing the South Equatorial (SEC) and other curr...
Abstract In the present study we report mercury data in the sediment cores obtained during a Germany-Russian and Russian-Germany cruises onboard the Vessels Sonne and Akademik M.A. Lavrentyev in Kuril area. This region cover an extensive area of the Northwest Pacific included the trench system and adjacent abyssal plain, ranging zone off the Kuril Islands. Kuril area is characterized by high water biological productivity, intensive volcanic activity, and hydrological features. Mercury concentrat...
Abstract The ocean is currently a significant net sink for anthropogenically remobilised CO2, taking up around 24% of global emissions. Numerical models predict a diversity of responses of the ocean carbon sink to increased atmospheric concentrations in a warmer world. Here, we tested the hypothesis that increased atmospheric forcing is causing a change in the ocean carbon sink using a high frequency observational dataset derived from underway pCO2 (carbon dioxide partial pressure) instruments o...
Abstract From fall 2013 through 2015, a large-scale, multi-year warm water anomaly occurred in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The phenomenon had negative impacts on some oceanic predators, including higher mortalities and poor body conditions. We studied the effect of this warm water anomaly on the weight gain of Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus philippii townsendi) neonates off the coast of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico. Individuals were captured, marked, and weighed every 13–15 days, up...
Abstract During KuramBio and KuramBioII (Kuril Kamchatka Biodiversity Studies) expeditions of 2012 and 2016 years, 12 sites across the Kuril-Kamchatka abyssal plain and 11 sites along Kuril-Kamchatka Trench area (KKT) were surveyed and sampled and benthic communities were investigated. Samples, which comprised over 300 echiurans from 12 species of 11 genera belonging to the family Bonelliidae and Thalassematidae, were collected. The family Bonelliidae is most common in abyssal and hadal environm...
Abstract Based on observational data from a buoy/mooring array and satellite remote sensing data for sea-surface winds, temperature, and height during the passage of Typhoon Kalmaegi (2014), a systematic analysis is performed on the atmospheric and oceanic variables of winds, sea-level air pressure, surface air temperature, sensible and latent heat fluxes, rainfall, water temperature, salinity, and ocean currents. Kalmaegi passed through the South China Sea (SCS) with a mean non-dimensional spee...
Abstract Collections of holothurians taken in 2012–2016 by three German-Russian deep-sea expeditions to the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench area (KuramBio, SokhoBio and KuramBio II) were examined. Here we present data on the genus Psychropotes (Psychropotidae, Elasipodida). Based on new material and some additional (mainly old) material from the North-West and East Pacific, we re-describe the species Psychropotes longicauda Theel, 1882, describe two varieties, P. longicauda var. monstrosa Theel, 1882 and...
Abstract Speciation processes as drivers of biodiversity in the deep sea are still not fully understood. One potential driver for species diversification might be allopatry caused by geographical barriers, such as ridges or trenches, or physiological barriers associated with depth. We analyzed biodiversity and biogeography of 21 morphospecies of the deep-sea isopod family Haploniscidae to investigate barrier effects to species dispersal in the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench (KKT) area in the Northwest (...
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