Survey of Ophthalmology
Papers 3861
1 page of 387 pages (3,861 results)
#1Shanna C. Yeung (UBC: University of British Columbia)
#2Yuyi You (Macquarie University)
Last.Peng Yan (UHN: University Health Network)
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I. Abstract The choroid is a vascular network that supplies the bulk of the retina’s oxygen and nutrient supply. Prior studies have associated changes in the thickness of the choroid with the presence of various cardiovascular diseases. This is the first review that summarizes current knowledge on the relationship between choroidal thickness and cardiovascular diseases while highlighting important findings. Acute hypertension increases choroidal thickness. Chronic hypertension and heart failure ...
#1Timothy W. Olsen (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 34
#2Flora LumH-Index: 11
Last.Jose S. Pulido (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 43
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#2Paul T. FingerH-Index: 45
Last.Codrin Iacob (New York Eye and Ear Infirmary)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Intraocular leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor. First described prior to the era of immunohistochemistry, uveal leiomyomas have been described in case reports and small case series. We add 3 new cases, for a total of 80. Of these, there were 29 men and 51 women. The mean and median ages were 35.8 and 30.5 years, respectively, with a range of 8 to 80 years. Curiously, ciliary body tumors were more common in females, while iris and posterior choroidal leiomyomas were more prevalent...
#1Lucio De Maria (Mayo Clinic)
#2Paolo De Sanctis (Humanitas University)
Last.Waleed Brinjikji (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 36
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Abstract Percutaneous sclerotherapy is an alternative strategy for the treatment of vascular malformations of the orbital and periorbital regions. The safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy in this setting have not been fully established. We present the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the safety and efficacy of percutaneous sclerotherapy for the treatment of vascular malformations of the orbit. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE from 2000 to 2018 for studies evaluat...
#1Nicholas H. Andrew (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 8
#2Sarmad Akkach (University of Adelaide)
Last.Robert J. Casson (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 38
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Abstract Primary open-angle glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, and intraocular pressure reduction remains the only proven treatment strategy. Elevated intraocular pressure occurs as the result of impaired aqueous humor outflow. Both a passive model and a dynamic model have been used to explain trabecular outflow resistance. The passive model posits that the trabecular meshwork acts as a static filter that exerts stable and passive resistance to outflow. In contras...
#1Shriji Patel (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 6
#2Sapna Gangaputra (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 2
Last.Stephen J. Kim (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Intravitreal injections have become the most commonly performed ophthalmic procedure, transforming modern retina practice. Post-injection endophthalmitis (PIE), while rare, remains the most feared potential complication. Prophylactic measures including topical antisepsis, hand hygiene, gloves, masks, and drapes have all been proposed to help prevent PIE; however, there remains significant variation in protocol, given the lack of agreement among retina specialists on which steps are cruc...
#1John J. Chen (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 10
#2Sean J Pittock (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 65
Last.M. Tariq Bhatti (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 19
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Abstract The Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial, a landmark study completed in 1991, stratified the risk of multiple sclerosis in patients with optic neuritis. Since that time, unique biomarkers for optic neuritis have been found. The antibody against aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-immunoglobulin G (IgG) discovered in 2004 was found to be both the pathologic cause and a reliable biomarker for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders. This finding enabled an expanded definition of the phenotype of neuromyelitis o...
1 CitationsSource
#1Deepali SinghalH-Index: 2
#2Pranita Sahay (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last.Namrata Sharma (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 33
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Abstract Descemet membrane detachment (DMD) is a potential vision-threatening complication that occurs most commonly after cataract surgery. DMD has also been reported to occur in various other surgeries like keratoplasty, iridectomy, vitrectomy, trabeculectomy, holmium laser sclerostomy, alkali burn, and viscocanalostomy. Major risk factors include advanced age, preexisting endothelial diseases like Fuchs dystrophy or abnormality in the Descemet membrane and stromal interface, hard cataract, pr...
#1Andrew S. Goldstein (Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine)H-Index: 1
#2Ben J. Janson (Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine)H-Index: 1
Last.Mark A. Greiner (Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine)H-Index: 10
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Abstract The corneal endothelium plays a critical role in maintaining corneal clarity. There is an expected decline in cell density with age and disease, and maintaining the health of this cell layer is important as corneal endothelial cells generally are amitotic in vivo. Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease that damages the corneal endothelium. Diabetes causes structural and functional impairments of the corneal endothelium that decrease cellular reserve in response to stress. These...
#1Katy C. Liu (Durham University)
#2David Fleischman (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 7
Last.M. Tariq Bhatti (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Modern advances in measuring and studying cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics have furthered our understan ding of intracranial pressure (ICP) and its pathophysiological effects on the eye. In particular, the CSF pressure and composition within the optic nerve subarachnoid space (SAS) are key factors in diseases of the optic disc. ICP and intraocular pressure (IOP) establish a pressure gradient across the lamina cribrosa (LC). Alterations in this translaminar cribrosa pressure difference...
1 CitationsSource
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Diabetes mellitus