Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging
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#1Serge A. Mitelman (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 19
#2Monte S. Buchsbaum (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 98
Last. Douglas S. Lehrer (Wright State University)H-Index: 11
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Decreased fractional anisotropy and increased glucose utilization in the white matter have been reported in schizophrenia. These findings may be indicative of an inverse relationship between these measures of white matter integrity and metabolism. We used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and diffusion-tensor imaging in 19 healthy and 25 schizophrenia subjects to assess and compare co-territorial correlation patterns between glucose utilization and fractional anisotrop...
#1Deepthi Bannai (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 1
#1Deepthi BannaiH-Index: 1
Last. Brett A. ClementzH-Index: 44
view all 14 authors...
Abstract Studies utilizing optical coherence tomography (OCT) in psychosis have identified abnormalities in retinal cytoarchitecture. We aim to analyze retinal layer topography in psychosis and its correlation with clinical and imaging parameters. Macular retinal images were obtained via OCT in psychosis probands (n = 25) and healthy controls (HC, n = 15). Clinical, cognitive and structural MRI data were collected from participants. No thinning was noted for the retinal nerve fiber, ganglion cel...
#1Sheng-Hsiang Yu (Fo Guang University)
#2Lun-Ting Wang (Fo Guang University)
Last. Ching-Yen Chen (Memorial Hospital of South Bend)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Taking care of depressed patients significantly impacts caregivers’ lives, both objectively and subjectively. The effects of caregivers’ burden on their responses to their patients has yet to be investigated. The aim of this study is to explore the relationships among caregivers’ subjective and objective burden, depression, frequency of caregiving behaviors, and rejective attitude. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 134 caregivers of patients diagnosed with depressive disorders...
#1Hannah Rathke (CMHS: Mental Health Services)
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Abstract This cross-sectional study examined the prevalence of PTSD with secondary psychotic symptoms (PTSD-SP), its comorbidities, and its association with torture and depression in treatment-seeking refugees. Data were pooled from the Danish Database on Refugees with Trauma (DART). The sample represents approximately 90% of trauma-affected refugee-patients (N = 627) attending a Danish psychiatric outpatient clinic from 2008-2013. PTSD, secondary psychotic symptoms, and comorbidities were asses...
#1Mathilde M. HuskyH-Index: 17
#2Victor Alvarez Fernandez (University of Bordeaux)
Last. Viviane Kovess-MasfetyH-Index: 36
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Abstract The aim of the present study is to examine mental disorders and medical conditions associated with causing harm to another person in the general adult population. The sample (n= 22,138) was drawn from a cross-sectional survey designed to characterize mental health needs in France. Twelve-month DSM-IV axis I mental disorders and medical conditions, and lifetime occurrence of potentially traumatic events were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Overall, 2% (n=4...
#1Minji Lee (Mental Health Research Institute)H-Index: 1
#2Eun-Sun Lee (Mental Health Research Institute)
Last. Subin Park (Mental Health Research Institute)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Research shows that North Korean refugee youths are exposed to early traumatic events and are, therefore, vulnerable to mental health problems. We investigated the relationship between early trauma and emotion regulation strategies with symptoms of depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among North Korean refugee youths. In 2017-2018, we surveyed youths attending alternative schools for North Korean refugees in Seoul. One hundred and fifty-seven students (54 boys...
#1Eun-Jung Shim (PNU: Pusan National University)H-Index: 4
#2Heesung Hwang (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 2
Last. Bong-Jin Hahm (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 18
view all 9 authors...
ABSTRACT This study examined whether somatic symptoms and sleep quality can be indicators of depression and suicide risk in Korean military conscripts. In October and November of 2016, a total of 1,937 conscripts completed a survey that included the patient health questionnaire (PHQ) 9, PHQ15, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus suicidality module, and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Four groups were formed by depression and suicide risk status. Results from analyses of co...
Abstract New methods for using ketamine in patients with propofol-electroconvulsive therapy-resistant depression (ECT-RD) are needed in the clinic. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of ketamine plus ECT in ECT-RD patients, along with the treatment-induced brain alterations. A total of 28 ECT-RD patients were intravenously injected with ketamine six times and treated with propofol-ECT six times alternately within two weeks. The Hamilton Depression Scale was used to assess t...
Abstract To conduct an updated overview of systematic reviews (SRs) summarizing the efficacy and safety of various strategies used to treat tic disorders (TDs) in children. We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and relevant reference lists for articles published between the search deadline from our last overview and April 2019 and included 16 SRs. The results presented that antipsychotics, a2-adrenergic receptor agonists, and HRT/CBIT still appeared to be the most robust evidence-bas...
Abstract Recent neuroimaging studies in OCD have reported structural alterations in the brain, not limited to frontostriatal regions. While Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is typically used to interrogate WM microstructure in OCD, additional imaging metric, such as Magnetization Transfer Imaging (MTI), allows for further identification of subtle but important structural changes across both GM and WM. In this study, both MTI and DTI were utilised to investigate the structural integrity of the brai...
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