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Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging
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Abstract Besides its well established susceptibility to ageing, the hippocampus has also been shown to be affected by alcohol consumption. Proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) of the hippocampus, particularly at high-field 7T MRI, may further our understanding of these associations. Here, we aimed to examine how hippocampal metabolites varied with age and alcohol consumption. Hippocampal metabolite spectra were acquired in 37 older adults using 7T 1H-MRS, from which we determined the absolute concentrat...
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Abstract The amygdala factors prominently in neurobiological models of social anxiety (SA), yet amygdala volume findings regarding SA have been inconsistent and largely focused on case-control characterization. One source of discrepant findings could be variability in volumetric techniques. Therefore, we compared amygdala volumes derived via an automated technique (Freesurfer) against a manually corrected approach, also involving Freesurfer. Additionally, we tested whether the relationship betwe...
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Abstract Marijuana (MJ) use and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have both been associated with abnormalities in brain white matter tracts, including the cingulum and the anterior thalamic radiations (ATR), which project from subcortical regions to frontal cortex. Studies have not assessed the integrity of these tracts in patients with comorbid PTSD and MJ use. To examine effects of PTSD and MJ use on brain structure, we performed diffusion tensor imaging scans on seventy-two trauma-exposed...
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Abstract Perseverative cognition (i.e. rumination and worry) describes intrusive, uncontrollable, repetitive thoughts. These negative affective experiences are accompanied by physiological arousal, as if the individual were facing an external stressor. Perseverative cognition is a transdiagnostic symptom, yet studies of neural mechanisms are largely restricted to specific clinical populations (e.g. patients with major depression). The present study applied activation likelihood estimation (ALE) ...
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Abstract The insula is considered an important structure involved in addiction and in the context of dynamic activity switching between large-scale brain networks, such as the default mode network (DMN) and the central executive network. Although insular-DMN resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC), which could affect such switching, has been examined in substance addiction populations, the results have been inconsistent, partly because of the confounding neural effects of the abused substan...
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Abstract While 5-HT6 receptor is a potential therapeutic target for cognitive impairment in schizophrenia (SCZ), in vivo 5-HT6 receptor availability following antipsychotic treatment has not been examined to-date. We examined the availability of 5-HT6 and 5-HT2A receptors following treatment with olanzapine, risperidone, aripiprazole and quetiapine in male patients with SCZ vs unmedicated age-matched healthy male controls (HC) using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with [11C]GSK215083....
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#1Davy VancampfortH-Index: 51
#2David BasangwaH-Index: 2
Last.James MugishaH-Index: 17
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Abstract Within the trans-theoretical model (stages of change) and self-determination theory frameworks, we investigated motives for physical activity adoption and maintenance in middle-aged and old age people with a mental disorder from a low-income setting. Ninety Ugandan outpatients completed the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-3 (BREQ-3) to assess exercise motives and the Patient-centred Assessment and Counselling for Exercise (PACE) to determine stage of change. The relation...
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#1O'Neill Sarah (CCNY: City College of New York)
#2Sasha Rudenstine (CCNY: City College of New York)H-Index: 2
Abstract Emotion dysregulation is commonly reported among adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This study examined whether inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity directly affect functional impairment, or whether they do so indirectly by decreasing emotion regulation capabilities. An ethnically, racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of clients seeking treatment at a low-fee outpatient mental health clinic were recruited [N=177, male n=59, 33.3%, mean (SD) age=28.54 ...
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Abstract Background While there is sufficient evidence that Crocus Sativus L. (saffron) improves symptoms of depression in young and middle-aged adults, research on older people are missing. The purpose of the double-blind, randomized intervention study was to compare the effect of saffron and sertraline on MDD among a sample of older people. Methods A total of 50 older out-patients with MDD (mean age = 65 years; 70% males) were randomly assigned either to the saffron condition (60mg/d) or to th...
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Top fields of study
Psychiatry
Psychology
Clinical psychology
Schizophrenia
Social psychology