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Energy and Buildings
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#1Ecem Cerrah (SFU: Simon Fraser University)
#2Claire McCague (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 5
Last.Majid Bahrami (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 31
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Abstract A novel concept – disc type s orbent based e nthalpy r ecovery v entilator (SERV) – is presented for the first time. The proposed SERV is a compact system that includes two separate sections for vapor and heat recovery, has low pressure drop, and eliminates frozen exhaust issue that affects the performance of conventional heat and enthalpy recovery ventilators in cold climates. A new theoretical model is developed for the heat and mass transfer in the air channels of the sorbent discs. ...
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#1Cameron Roach (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 1
Abstract Understanding the impact of building characteristics on electricity demand is important for policy and management decision making. Certain building characteristics and equipment may increase or decrease electricity consumption. Due to different operating practices, these impacts on electricity consumption may vary both across the day and across seasons. Quantifying the magnitude and statistical significance of these impacts will help managers and policy makers make better informed decis...
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#1Chenli Wang (Santa Clara University)
#2Kaleb Pattawi (Santa Clara University)
Last.Hohyun Lee (Santa Clara University)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems account for more than half of the residential energy consumption in the United States. Since most people do not have the expertise to control the HVAC system efficiently, unnecessary energy consumption is often caused by wasteful behaviors (overheating/overcooling and operation without occupancy). New Internet of Things (IoT) products for a smart home have the potential for energy saving by reducing the unnecessary operation of t...
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#1Haiying Wang (Qingdao University)H-Index: 2
#2Lu Liu (Qingdao University)
Abstract Emotion affects people's cognition, perception and reaction to the outside world. The psychological and physiological changes brought by different emotion states may have some impact on people's perception to thermal environment. The objective of this study is to investigate whether emotion state would have some influence on people's thermal perception and comfort. In this study, experiments were carried out. Eighteen college students were recruited in the experiments. Their emotion sta...
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#1Lulu Xia (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
#2Li Lan (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)H-Index: 35
Last.Zhentao Wang (SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
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Abstract Since aging is associated with a progressive decrease in thermoregulation, a cold bedroom environment may have negative effects on the sleep quality of the elderly. This study investigated the effects of two bed heating methods (covering heating and mattress heating), compared with no heating, on sleep quality of the elderly without sleep disorders in a cold environment. Twelve elderly who did not use any heating in daily life participated into this field intervention experiment, which ...
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#1Livio Mazzarella (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 5
#2Rossano Scoccia (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 4
Last.Mario Motta (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 8
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Abstract Energy efficiency in buildings is a crucial topic to reduce worldwide energy consumption and fight climate changes. A key aspect is the assessment of the heat transfer through the opaque elements of the building envelope. One way to do it is modelling the element as a resistors and capacitors network (RC), using the thermal-electrical analogy. In the hourly dynamic method introduced by the recently published standard EN ISO 52016-1:2017, each opaque element is modelled with an RC-networ...
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Abstract The biggest challenge in building design is to optimize the use of natural energy to provide human comfort and consume less energy. Passive facade technologies have been developed with increased complexity for approaching comfort and sustainability aspects. This study discovers performances of a facade system which is an integration of double-skin facade and perforated screens. This study aims to utilize the double-skin perforated facades with air ventilation ports for buildings to opti...
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#1Marcel Schweiker (KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)H-Index: 12
#2Romina Rissetto (KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
Last.Andreas Wagner (KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)H-Index: 17
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Abstract Thermal expectation is mentioned as one aspect of psychological adaptation to indoor thermal conditions. However, there is a lack of studies in the built environment assessing expectations directly and the relationship between expectations and thermal perception. Therefore, this paper studies potential influences on occupants’ expectations of indoor thermal conditions and the implications of their expectations on thermal perception. A combination of data from laboratory and field studie...
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#1Wanchun Sun (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Yixue Zhang (SCUT: South China University of Technology)
Last.Zhengguo Zhang (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 37
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Abstract Double-layer radiant floor systems that consist of two inorganic phase change layers placed at different positions, were first explored for regulating the indoor thermal comfort in winter and summer climates. Specifically, two hydrated salts having different melting points were respectively compounded with expanded graphite to obtain enhanced thermal conductivity. In the floor systems, Na2HPO4•12H2O-based composite (31.3°C) and CaCl2•6H2O-based composite (20.2°C) were used for the heat ...
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#1M. Bendouma (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 2
#2T. Colinart (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 3
Last.H. Noël (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
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Abstract This work focuses on the hygrothermal behavior of three external thermal insulation systems: one ETICS including EPS insulation and two ventilated cladding systems including either mineral or biobased insulation. These systems were applied on a rendered hollow concrete wall and tested simultaneously between two climatic chambers. Thermocouples, humidity sensors and heat flux sensors allow investigating the hygrothermal behavior of the retrofitted wall at different stages: just after the...
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