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Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
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#1Giovanni AnobileH-Index: 14
#2Nicola Domenici (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 1
Last. Roberto Arrighi (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 15
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As perception of time is fundamental for action planning and execution, we investigated how action distorts the perception of visual duration. Participants adapted to tapping in midair for a few seconds, either slowly or quickly, then judged the relative duration of 2 drifting gratings, 1 spatially coincident with the tapped region and the other in the opposite field. Fast tapping decreased apparent duration in the tapping region while slow tapping increased it. The effect was spatially specific...
1 CitationsSource
Automatic information processing has been and still is a debated topic. Traditionally, automatic processes are deemed to take place autonomously and independently of top-down cognitive control. For decades, the literature on reading has brought to the fore empirical phenomena such as Stroop and semantic priming effects that provide support for the assumption that semantic information can be accessed automatically. More recently, there has been growing evidence that semantic processing is in fact...
2 CitationsSource
: Visual long-term memory allows us to store a virtually infinite amount of visual information (Brady, Konkle, Alvarez, & Oliva, 2008; Standing, 1973). Despite its massive storage capacity, our ability to encode visual long-term memory fluctuates from moment-to-moment, and for that reason, not every piece of visual information that we wish to encode gets stored into our visual long-term memory. At the same time, we occasionally encounter visual information that we do not wish to remember. To wha...
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#1Alexander Noyes (Yale University)H-Index: 4
#2Frank C. Keil (Yale University)H-Index: 45
: We investigate ordinary concepts of institutional groups: stable, cooperative, and socially constructed entities like clubs, companies, and academic departments. We use a transformation paradigm to examine participants' causal beliefs about how groups exist and persist over time. We consider whether participants believe groups are grounded in collective recognition or function. Participants' default views about groups see them as persisting because the members or a relevant third-party collect...
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#1Halely Balaban (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 6
#2Dana Assaf (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 1
Last. Roy Luria (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 17
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In the present study, we examined how real-world objects are represented in long-term memory. Two contrasting views exist with regard to this question: one argues that real-world objects are represented as a set of independent features, and the other argues that they form bound integrate representations. In 5 experiments, we tested the different predictions of each view, namely whether the different features of real-world items are remembered and forgotten independently from each other, in a fea...
1 CitationsSource
It has been suggested that the origins of number words can be traced back to an evolutionarily ancient approximate number system, which represents quantities on a compressed scale and complies with Weber's law. Here, we use a data-driven computational model, which learns to predict 1 event (a word in a text corpus) from associated events, to characterize verbal behavior relative to number words in natural language, without appeal to perception. We show that the way humans use number words in spo...
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#1Diana Su Yun Tham (Lancaster University)
Last. Jingwen Zhao (ECNU: East China Normal University)
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Associations with colours are a rich source of meaning and there has been considerable interest in understanding the capacity of colour to shape our functioning and behaviour as a result of colour associations. However, abstract conceptual colour associations have not been comprehensively investigated and many of the effects of colour on psychological functioning reported in the literature are therefore reliant on ad hoc rationalisations of conceptual associations with colour (e.g. blue – openne...
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#1Jennifer E. Stellar (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
#2Craig L. Anderson (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 9
Last. Arasteh Gatchpazian (U of T: University of Toronto)
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Empathy often occurs when individuals witness another suffer. Researchers who study empathy have tried to identify reliable behavioral outcomes, affective responses, and physiological changes associated with its experience. However to date, these markers of empathy have remained elusive. We propose that failing to take into account the features of the suffering that elicited the empathy has contributed to this problem. We hypothesized that emotional and physical suffering generate diverging prof...
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: When queried about events in the past, a person may face questions that concern details that have been witnessed-answerable questions-and details that have not been witnessed-unanswerable questions. With regard to answerable questions, the person's willingness to answer these questions increases as a function of not only information available about the queried detail itself, but also as a function of contextual information. The present research assesses whether the willingness to report specif...
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Creativity is becoming an increasingly desirable characteristic across a number of domains, but the processes underlying various creative abilities remain ambiguous. The most frequently used assessments of creativity (i.e., divergent thinking tasks; creative problem-solving tasks) differ in surface features and are also rarely examined together. These inconsistencies, in addition to mixed findings in the literature, have caused considerable debate among creativity researchers concerning the part...
1 CitationsSource
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