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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
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The effects of cocoa-derived polyphenols on cognitive functions have been analyzed through numerous studies using different interventions (doses, vehicles, time frame, cognition tests, and characteristics of participants) which may hamper the interpretation and comparison of findings across investigations. Thus, a systematic review was conducted to analyze the effects of cocoa-derived polyphenols intake on human cognition and discuss the methodological aspects that may contribute to the heteroge...
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Two selected walnut cultivars (Xiangling and Jizhaomian) growing in China were analyzed in terms of proximate and mineral composition, fatty acid and amino acid profile. According to the higher kernel rate (61.22%), thinner shell (1.03 mm), higher content of fat (66.93%), protein (20.97%), essential amino acids (29.31% of total amino acids) and minerals such as manganese, zinc and copper, Xiangling would be the more nutritive cultivar with more commercial value. However, Jizhaomian would be the ...
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#1Ewa Baranowska-Wójcik (University of Life Sciences in Lublin)H-Index: 2
#2Dominik Szwajgier (University of Life Sciences in Lublin)H-Index: 9
Last.Anna Winiarska-Mieczan (University of Life Sciences in Lublin)H-Index: 11
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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized, among others by abnormal levels of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase in the brain. In this study, 47 types of Polish honeys were examined (using colorimetric method) as a source of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors. The highest potential for AChE inhibition was observed in the case of buckwheat honey (39.51% inhibition), while multi-floral honey showed the highest capacity for BChE inhibition (39.76%). ...
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#1Mayara Schulz (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 5
#2Siluana Katia Tischer Seraglio (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 5
Last.Roseane Fett (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 27
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Yellow guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) has received considerable attention in the last years because of their high content in bioactive compounds with potential application in food and pharmaceutical industries. In this regard, this study aimed to investigate the phenolic compounds of three edible ripening stages of yellow guava fruits after acidic hydrolysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and their antioxidant capacity. Among the 23 phenolics quantified, catechi...
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#1Kousuke Harada (Tokyo University of Agriculture)
#2Yuria Kato (Tokyo University of Agriculture)
Last.Kazuo Kobayashi-Hattori (Tokyo University of Agriculture)H-Index: 13
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Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ and its endocrine function is closely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Valeriana officinalis (Valerian) exerts some physiological effects; however, its influence on adipocytes remains unclear. We investigated the effect of methanolic Valerian root extract (Vale) on 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Vale (1, 10, and 100 μg/mL) dose-dependently promoted adipocyte differentiation with increasing lipid accumulation. In addition, Vale significantly increased the mRNA le...
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#1Yanyan Lu (SCUT: South China University of Technology)
#2Xinbo Guo (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 12
Vitamin C, as an essential vitamin for humans, has important physiological functions, such as antioxidants and enzyme cofactors. Mung bean sprouts are a good source of vitamin C and light is an essential impact factor of vitamin C content during germination. This study focused on the kinetic changes and metabolic regulation mechanism of vitamin C during mung bean sprouting under three-light treatment including constant light (24 h light/0 h dark), semi-light (12 h light/12 h dark) and constant d...
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Agave bagasse is a fibrous-like material obtained during aguamiel extraction, which is also in contact with indigenous microbiota of agave plant during aguamiel fermentation. This plant is a well-known carrier of the prebiotic fructan-type carbohydrates, which have multiple ascribable health benefits. In the present work, the potential of ashen and green agave bagasse as functional ingredients in supplemented cookies was studied. For its application, the chemical, functional, properties of agave...
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#1Gulladawan Jan-on (KKU: Khon Kaen University)
#2Weerapon Sangartit (KKU: Khon Kaen University)H-Index: 4
Last.Upa Kukongviriyapan (KKU: Khon Kaen University)H-Index: 24
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Rice bran hydrolysates contain highly nutritional proteins and beneficial phytochemicals. Sang-Yod rice bran hydrolysates (SRH) extracted from red pigmented rice is a rich source of nutrients and phenolic compounds. The present study evaluated the antihypertensive effect of SRH and its safety in Sprague-Dawley rats. Hypertension was induced in male rats by administration of L-NAME (50 mg/kg/day) in drinking water for three weeks, and the antihypertensive effect of SRH was evaluated. Treatment of...
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Effects of different factors on the content of phenolics, anthocyanins, antioxidants and colour parameters in two varieties of Aronia and three varieties of Saskatoon berries were evaluated. The berries were extracted by dynamic solvent extraction using three different solvents (water, 50% ethanol (v/v) and dimethyl sulfoxide) and subsequently analysed by ultraviolet visible near infrared spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance followed by chemometric analysis. The results obtained show...
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#1Danilo Santos Souza (State University of Campinas)H-Index: 5
#2Jane Delane Reis Pimentel Souza (State University of Campinas)H-Index: 1
Last.Helena Teixeira Godoy (State University of Campinas)H-Index: 28
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Tamarind fruits are consumed worldwide and their seeds have an underexploited potential. We assessed the effect of the addition of a freeze-dried aqueous of extract tamarind seed (FAE) at three concentration levels (0.3, 1.15 and 2%) on the antioxidant capacity (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP and ORAC) and concentrations of total phenolic compounds in tamarind pulp. Conditions used to prepare the aqueous extracts were established using multivariate optimization. Moreover, nectars prepared from pulps combined ...
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