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Biodiversity and Conservation
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#1Tanya Latty (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 16
#2Vasilis Dakos (University of Montpellier)H-Index: 26
Growing evidence of global declines in pollinator abundance and diversity has raised concerns about the resilience of pollination systems. When subjected to stressors, each nested component of the pollination system (communities, populations, and colonies) can respond in either a smooth linear fashion, or in an abrupt nonlinear manner. Threshold and tipping point responses to stress are of particular concern because they result in sudden changes with little warning; such changes may lead to pers...
#1Tuomo Takala (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 5
#2Teppo Hujala (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 14
Last.Jukka Tikkanen (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 11
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Competing discourses of the forest guide forest-owners’ ideas about the proper forest use and about the need to conserve biodiversity. In this paper, we examine how five predefined forest discourses (re)produced by Finnish forest owners treat nature and biodiversity conservation. Our critical discourse analysis combines qualitative content analysis with quantitative multivariate methods (NMDS). The data consists of in-depth interviews with 24 Finnish forest-owners. The five forest discourses for...
#1Samuel D. Merson (ZSL: Zoological Society of London)
#2Luke Dollar (Duke University)H-Index: 7
Last.David W. Macdonald (University of Oxford)H-Index: 85
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Bushmeat consumption in Madagascar is increasingly acknowledged as one of the major threats to its wild vertebrates. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the drivers of the consumption of protected versus legally huntable wild species, or examined its variance across Madagascar’s protected and unprotected areas. This research provides a novel study of the consumption of protected, unprotected, and fish/eel species between forest types (deciduous and rainforest), as well as across a gradient o...
Fisheries bycatch is one of main conservation problems for many threatened seabirds. Currently, it is unknown whether existing best practices to mitigate seabird bycatch in pelagic longline fisheries influence the capture of other vulnerable taxa. We assessed the effect of two seabird mitigation measures for pelagic longline fisheries on 13 threatened, protected and/or bycaught species, including elasmobranchs, teleosts, sea turtles and fur seals. Analyses were from two experimental studies in U...
#1Renata Sõukand (Ca' Foscari University of Venice)H-Index: 14
#2Andrea Pieroni (University of Gastronomic Sciences)H-Index: 41
Diversity of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) created on the edges of culture is the key to the sustainability and resilience of humankind. We recorded wild food TEK among seven autochthonous linguistic communities living on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Range, documenting the use of 72 wild taxa as well as remarkable diversity of both taxa and uses among the communities. The most isolated communities form distinct biocultural refugia for wild food plants and their uses, but the susta...
#1Anna Sténs (Umeå University)H-Index: 7
#2Jean-Michel Roberge (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 21
Last.Urban Nilsson (SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)H-Index: 25
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The extent to which scientific knowledge translates into practice is a pervasive question. We analysed to what extent and how ecological scientists gave input to policy for two approaches advocated for promoting forest biodiversity in production forests in Sweden: green-tree retention (GTR) and continuous-cover forestry (CCF). GTR was introduced into forest policy in the 1970s and became widely implemented in the 1990s. Ecological scientists took part in the policy process by providing expert op...
#1Jiří MalíčekH-Index: 6
#2Zdeněk PaliceH-Index: 12
Last.Jeňýk Hofmeister (CULS: Czech University of Life Sciences Prague)H-Index: 7
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Natural spruce forests are restricted to the highest mountain ranges in the Czech Republic. Spruce is also the commonest tree species in managed forests. Owing to a massive decline of spruce forests in Central Europe, caused by recent climatic fluctuations and disturbances, the lichen diversity and species composition was compared between ten representative natural mountain old-growth forests in the Czech Republic and their counterparts in mature managed forests. The old-growth forests are chara...
#1Brenna L. Decker (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
#2Alexandra Nicole Harmon-Threatt (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 6
Habitat management can play a critical role in increasing and maintaining species diversity, but timing of management techniques can have significant effects on biodiversity management. In tallgrass prairie systems, prescribed burns are a common method to promote diversity. Managers prefer winter dormant season burns but this timing differs significantly from the historic growing season burns that helped shape this community, and it is largely unexplored whether changing burn season has signific...
#1Cara E. Sambell (La Trobe University)
#2Greg J. Holland (La Trobe University)H-Index: 9
Last.Andy Bennett (La Trobe University)H-Index: 56
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Rural landscape change as a consequence of human population growth is a major challenge for nature conservation in the twenty-first century. Rural regions are globally experiencing change driven by diverse factors, including agricultural intensification, new agricultural commodities, residential development, and land abandonment. Understanding how different land-use trajectories affect biodiversity is critical for making informed decisions for the conservation of species in modified environments...
#1F. Porro (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 1
#2Marcello Tomaselli (University of Parma)H-Index: 15
Last.Michele Carbognani (University of Parma)H-Index: 11
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High-elevation habitats host a large number of plant species and are characterized by high biodiversity. The vegetation dynamics in these cold adapted ecosystems are difficult to predict, being affected by global warming, especially in the last decades. With the aim to promote a better understanding of climate-driven changes of alpine vegetation, we investigated the variation in species richness, α-diversity, β-diversity, and total cover of plant functional types over a time lapse of 15 years, r...
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