Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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#1Tobias Ebert (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 3
#2Friedrich M. Götz (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 4
Last. Sandra Matz (Columbia University)H-Index: 7
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Interactionist theories are considered to have resolved the classic person-situation debate by demonstrating that human behavior is most accurately described as a function of both personal characteristics as well as environmental cues. According to these theories, personality traits form part of the personal characteristics that drive behavior. We suggest that psychological theory stands to gain from also considering personality traits as an important environmental characteristic that shapes soc...
#1Kenneth G. DeMarree (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 20
#2Richard E. Petty (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 99
Last. Ji Xia (SUNY: State University of New York System)
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The certainty with which people hold their attitudes is an important consideration because attitudes held with certainty better predict judgment and behavior than attitudes held with doubt. However, little is known about whether people's assessments of their certainty reflect a disposition to hold attitudes with confidence. Adapting methods used to document individual differences in people's attitudes, the present research demonstrates that the certainty with which people hold any given attitude...
Philosophers and scientists have long debated the nature of human social interactions and the prevalence of mutual dependence, conflict of interests, and power asymmetry in social situations. Yet, there is surprisingly little empirical work documenting the patterns of interdependence that people experience in daily life. We use experience sampling to study how people think about 3 dimensions of interdependence in daily life and how these dimensions relate to cooperation. In Study 1, 139 romantic...
#1Orly Bareket (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 3
#2Nurit Shnabel (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 16
Last. Yoav Bar-Anan (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 21
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Five studies (N = 2,339) found that men and women, especially if high on benevolent sexism, engage in dependency-oriented cross-gender helping relations in domestic tasks. Study 1 revealed that, in response to hypothetical scenarios of cross-gender helping interactions in traditionally feminine domains (e.g., cooking a dish), men's benevolent sexism correlated with their intentions to seek dependency-oriented help (direct assistance, rather than tools for autonomous coping) from women, and women...
#1Charleen R. Case (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 7
#2Katherine K. Bae (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Jon K. Maner (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 45
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Some group leaders exhibit hypervigilance to signs of social disapproval and that vigilance manifests at basic levels of social information processing such as visual attention and face perception. The current research tests hypotheses about when, why, and in whom such vigilance occurs. Across 2 pilot studies and 5 experiments (N = 1,667) we find that, when their social relationships are at stake, prestige-oriented leaders (but not dominance-oriented leaders) overperceive signs of social disconte...
#1Sophie Trawalter (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 21
#2Kelly M. Hoffman (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 9
Last. Lindsay Palmer (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
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Those from low socioeconomic status (SES) often lack access to public space and, when they have access, they are often discouraged from using public space. Scholars from human geography and related fields have argued that this limits engagement in civic life and undermines sense of belonging in one's community. In the present work, we consider whether lower-SES students face this predicament in higher education, particularly at elite public institutions. Across four studies, we find that, compar...
Helzer and Pizarro (2011) reported 2 studies that showed an influence of cleanliness cues on political attitudes. Specifically, when standing near a hand-sanitizer dispenser (signal of cleanliness and purity), individuals rated their political attitudes more conservative, compared with individuals who were standing near an empty wall. The present study reports 2 failed attempts to replicate the results of Study 1 in Helzer and Pizarro (2011). Additionally, a meta-analysis was conducted by combin...
#1Francesca Gino (Harvard University)H-Index: 53
#2Maryam Kouchaki (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 14
Last. Tiziana Casciaro (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 16
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Networks are a key source of social capital for achieving goals in professional and personal settings. Yet, despite the clear benefits of having an extensive network, individuals often shy away from the opportunity to create new connections because engaging in instrumental networking can make them feel morally impure. In this article, we explore how the motives people have when engaging in networking impact these feelings and, as result, change how frequently they engage in networking and their ...
#1L. Taylor Phillips (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 6
#2Brian S. Lowery (Stanford University)H-Index: 19
Invisibility makes privilege powerful. Especially when it remains unexposed, privilege perpetuates inequity by giving unearned advantages to certain groups over others. However, recent social movements (e.g., Occupy) attempt to expose class-based privilege, threatening its invisibility. Across 8 experiments, we show that beneficiaries of class privilege respond to such exposure by increasing their claims of personal hardships and hard work, to cover privilege in a veneer of meritocracy. Experime...
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Children's educational outcomes are strongly correlated with their parents' educational attainment. This finding is often attributed to the family environment-assuming, for instance, that parents' behavior and resources affect their children's educational outcomes. However, such inferences of a causal role of the family environment depend on the largely untested assumption that such relationships do not simply reflect genes shared between parent and child. We examine this assumption with an adop...
Top fields of study
Social perception
Developmental psychology
Social psychology