BMC Public Health
Papers 14394
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Background Control of blood pressure among hypertensives is a major challenge around the world. Interventions for improving hypertension control in India are very limited. This paper describes the protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial of efficacy of behavioural intervention on control of hypertension among school teachers in Kerala.
This study is built on a long-standing research partnership between the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health and the White Mountain Apache Tribe to identify effective interventions to prevent suicide and promote resilience among American Indian (AI) youth. The work is founded on a tribally-mandated, community-based suicide surveillance system with case management by local community mental health specialists (CMHSs) who strive to connect at-risk youth to treatment and brief, adjunctive...
Despite policy intention to reach disadvantaged populations, inequalities in health care resource use and health outcomes persist in Nepal. The current study aimed to investigate the trend of full vaccination coverage among infants and its equity gaps between Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) 2001 and 2016. Using data from NDHS conducted in 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, we investigated the trend of coverage of six antigens: Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), Diptheria, Pertussis, Tetanus (DPT...
Background Since 1998, China has gradually moved toward voluntary uncompensated blood donation. In some cities, the shortage of platelets has been noticeably severe. Mutual assistance that collects blood from one’s family and social networks is a potential solution. The measure, however, turned out problematic. There are donors who choose to donate platelets over whole blood without compensations, and donate platelets directly to blood banks instead of via the mutual assistance system. This stud...
#2Simon Karanja (JKUAT: Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology)H-Index: 7
Last.Aimable Musafili (NUR: National University of Rwanda)
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Tungiasis is a relatively frequent ectoparasitosis in low-income settings, yet its morbidity and social impact are still not well understood due to the scarcity of information. In Rwanda, data on the magnitude and conditions leading to the tungiasis is rare. This study sought to determine the prevalence and factors associated with tungiasis among primary school children in Rwandan setting. A descriptive cross-sectional study utilising systematic random sampling method was adopted to select 384 c...
#1Kenji TakeharaH-Index: 4
#2Togoobaatar Ganchimeg (University of Tsukuba)H-Index: 7
Last.Hideaki Soya (University of Tsukuba)H-Index: 27
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Background Many studies have demonstrated positive effects of physical activity on children’s health such as improved cardiorespiratory function and decreased obesity. Physical activity has also been found to have positive effects on academic achievement and cognitive function. However, there are few high quality RCT studies on this topic at present and the findings remain controversial.
#1Emilio Villa-González (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 9
#2F. Delgado (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 5
Last.Yaira Barranco-Ruiz (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 3
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Background Daily behaviours such as active commuting to school (ACS) could be a source of physical activity, contributing to the improvement of youth cardiovascular health, however, the relationship between ACS and other aspects of a youth’s health, such as sleep duration and breakfast consumption, require further clarification. The aims of this study were therefore: 1) to analyse the prevalence of modes of commuting to school, sleep duration, and breakfast consumption by age groups and gender, ...
#1Perpetua Modjadji (Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University)
#2Sphiwe Madiba (Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University)H-Index: 10
In South Africa, the occurrence of the double burden of malnutrition is on the rise at a household level predisposing children and their mothers to negative health outcomes. However, few studies have been conducted at a household level. Therefore, we studied a double burden of malnutrition using child-mother pairs in a rural setting. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted among 508 child-mother pairs selected from primary schools using a multistage sampling in a rural Dikgale Health...
#1Devon Greyson (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 12
#2Ellen Rafferty (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 1
Last.Shannon E. MacDonald (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 9
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A high quality systematic review search has three core attributes; it is systematic, comprehensive, and transparent. The current over-emphasis on the primacy of systematic reviews over other forms of literature review in health research, however, runs the risk of encouraging publication of reviews whose searches do not meet these three criteria under the guise of being systematic reviews. This correspondence comes in response to Perman S, Turner S, Ramsay AIG, Baim-Lance A, Utley M, Fulop NJ. Sc...
#1Fira Abamecha (JU: Jimma University)H-Index: 1
Last.Getachew Kiros (JU: Jimma University)H-Index: 3
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Background Detection of the premalignant forms cervical cancer through screening in the target age group is one of the effective strategies in the prevention of the disease. Nevertheless, the cervical cancer screening service use remains considerably low in Ethiopia. Indeed; promoting screening behaviors requires understanding the factors influencing women’s motivation towards the service. Our study has explored the psycho-graphic factors associated to intention to use cervical cancer screening ...
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