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Trends in Cognitive Sciences
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Papers 2934
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#1Dobromir Rahnev (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 14
Humans often assign confidence to multioption decisions, but most computational research only uses two-alternative tasks. In a new study, Li and Ma begin to reveal the mechanisms of confidence generation in multialternative tasks. This research should inspire further experiments on how humans assign confidence judgments in real-world situations.
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#1Rajen A. Anderson (Cornell University)H-Index: 2
#2Molly J. Crockett (Yale University)H-Index: 26
Last. David A. Pizarro (Cornell University)H-Index: 34
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How do people judge whether someone deserves moral praise for their actions? In contrast to the large literature on moral blame, work on how people attribute praise has, until recently, been scarce. However, there is a growing body of recent work from a variety of subfields in psychology (including social, cognitive, developmental, and consumer) suggesting that moral praise is a fundamentally unique form of moral attribution and not simply the positive moral analogue of blame attributions. A fun...
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#1Alexander J. Millner (Harvard University)H-Index: 11
#2Donald J. Robinaugh (Harvard University)H-Index: 18
Last. Matthew K. Nock (Harvard University)H-Index: 79
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Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide and perhaps the most puzzling and devastating of all human behaviors. Suicide research has primarily been guided by verbal theories containing vague constructs and poorly specified relationships. We propose two fundamental changes required to move toward a mechanistic understanding of suicide. First, we must formalize theories of suicide, expressing them as mathematical or computational models. Second, we must conduct rigorous descriptive research, p...
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#1Adrian Nestor (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 12
#2Andy C. H. Lee (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 29
Last. Marlene Behrmann (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 69
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Recent research has demonstrated that neural and behavioral data acquired in response to viewing face images can be used to reconstruct the images themselves. However, the theoretical implications, promises, and challenges of this direction of research remain unclear. We evaluate the potential of this research for elucidating the visual representations underlying face recognition. Specifically, we outline complementary and converging accounts of the visual content, the representational structure...
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The ability to remember our past depends critically on the hippocampus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), but their respective roles are debated. Contrary to classic theories, recent work ( McCormick et al. ) has shown that vmPFC drives the hippocampus during memory retrieval, irrespective of how old the recalled memories are.
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#1Mark Sheskin (Yale University)H-Index: 9
#2Kimberly Scott (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 4
Last. Joshua B. Tenenbaum (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 75
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We propose that developmental cognitive science should invest in an online CRADLE, a Collaboration for Reproducible and Distributed Large-Scale Experiments that crowdsources data from families participating on the internet. Here, we discuss how the field can work together to further expand and unify current prototypes for the benefit of researchers, science, and society.
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#1Tom Schonberg (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 14
#2Leor N. Katz (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 9
How is value processed in the brain to inform decision making? A plethora of studies describe how preferences are shaped by experience with external reinforcements. While research on this reinforced pathway is well established, far less research has explored the neural pathways promoting preference change in the absence of external reinforcements. Here, we review behavioral paradigms linking nonreinforced preference change with manipulations of stimulus exposure, response, and gaze position. Bas...
1 CitationsSource
#1Carolyn Parkinson (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 13
#2Meng Du (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Many everyday thoughts and actions are shaped not only by our direct relationships with others, but also by our knowledge of relations between third-parties. Lau et al. recently demonstrated how knowledge of one type of social relation – interpersonal similarity – shapes cognition and behavior, and shed light on the neural basis of such phenomena.
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#1Nicole C. Rust (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 16
#2Vahid Mehrpour (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 2
Why are some images easier to remember than others? Here, we review recent developments in our understanding of ‘image memorability’, including its behavioral characteristics, its neural correlates, and the optimization principles from which it originates. We highlight work that has used large behavioral data sets to leverage memorability scores computed for individual images. These studies demonstrate that the mapping of image content to image memorability is not only predictable, but also non-...
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#1Franziska Brändle (MPG: Max Planck Society)
#2Charley M. Wu (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
Last. Eric Schulz (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 11
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What are we curious about? Dubey and Griffiths propose a rational theory of curiosity that unifies previously contradictory novelty-based and complexity accounts. It also paves the way for future investigations, such as studying approximate models of curiosity as well as what causes abnormal levels of exploration.
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Developmental psychology
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Cognitive psychology
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