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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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#1Adam Pines (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has advanced our understanding of brain microstructure evolution over development. Recently, the use of multi-shell diffusion imaging sequences has coincided with advances in modeling the diffusion signal, such as Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging (NODDI) and Laplacian-regularized Mean Apparent Propagator MRI (MAPL). However, the relative utility of recently-developed diffusion models for understanding brain maturation remains sparsely i...
1 CitationsSource
#1Lora M. Cope (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
#2Jillian E. Hardee (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 11
Last. Mary M. Heitzeg (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Background The goal of this work was to characterize the maturation of inhibitory control brain function from childhood to early adulthood using longitudinal data collected in two cohorts. Methods Functional MRI during a go/no-go task was conducted in 290 participants, with 88% undergoing repeated scanning at 1- to 2-year intervals. One group entered the study at age 7–13 years (n = 117); the other entered at age 18–23 years (n = 173). 33.1% of the sample had two parents with a substanc...
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#1Gabriela Alarcón (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 7
#2Judith K. Morgan (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 12
Last. Erika E. ForbesH-Index: 43
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Abstract Peers become increasingly important during adolescence, with emerging gender differences in peer relationships associated with distinct behavioral and emotional outcomes. Males tend to socialize in larger peer groups with competitive interactions, whereas females engage in longer bouts of dyadic interaction with more intimacy. To examine gender differences in neural response to ecologically valid displays of positive affect and future social interactions, 52 adolescents (14-18 years old...
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#1Francesca Mottarlini (University of Milan)H-Index: 4
#2Giorgio Racagni (University of Milan)H-Index: 62
Last. Lucia Caffino (University of Milan)H-Index: 15
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Abstract The perirhinal cortex (PrhC) is critical for object recognition memory; however, information regarding the molecular mechanisms underlying this type of memory following repeated exposure to drugs of abuse during adolescence is unknown. To this end, adolescent or adult rats were exposed to cocaine from postnatal day (PND) 28 to PND 42 or PND 63 to PND 77, respectively. Two weeks later, rats were subjected to the cognitive test named Novel Object Recognition (NOR) test. We found that adol...
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#1Amanda E. Baker (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
#2Sarah M. Tashjian (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 2
Last. Adriana Galván (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 42
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Abstract The biological, environmental, and psychosocial changes that occur in adolescence engender an increase in risk taking often linked to the high rates of motor vehicle crashes amongst young drivers. Most U.S. adolescents suffer from poor sleep, which is known to exacerbate the risk of driving crashes; however, research has yet to uncover a neurobiological link between sleep and risky driving in adolescence. Here, we examined potential moderators of the sleep-risk relation in fifty-six ado...
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#1Guannan Shen (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 3
#2Andrew N. Meltzoff (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter J. Marshall (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 32
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Abstract There is growing interest in developing and using novel measures to assess how the body is represented in human infancy. Various lines of evidence with adults and older children show that tactile perception is modulated by a high-level representation of the body. For instance, the distance between two points of tactile stimulation is perceived as being greater when they cross a joint boundary than when they are within a body part, suggesting that the representation of the body is struct...
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#1Rui Pei (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
#2Nina Lauharatanahirun (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 4
Last. Emily B. Falk (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 25
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Abstract Adolescents demonstrate both heightened sensitivity to peer influence and increased risk-taking. The current study provides a novel test of how these two phenomena are related at behavioral and neural levels. Adolescent males (N = 83, 16 –17 years) completed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) in an fMRI scanner. One week later, participants completed a driving task in which they drove alone and with a safety- or risk-promoting peer passenger. Results showed that neural responses duri...
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#1Mara van der Meulen (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 6
#2Lara M. Wierenga (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 4
Last. Eveline A. Crone (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 53
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Prosocial behavior and empathy are important aspects of developing social relations in childhood. Prior studies showed protracted structural development of social brain regions associated with prosocial behavior. However, it remains unknown how structure of the social brain is influenced by genetic or environmental factors, and whether overlapping heritability factors explain covariance in structure of the social brain and behavior. The current study examined this hypothesis in a twin s...
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#1Autumn Kujawa (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 21
#2Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 73
Last. Anna Weinberg (McGill University)H-Index: 27
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Abstract Reduced activation of positive valence systems (PVS), including blunted neural and physiological responses to pleasant stimuli and rewards, has been shown to prospectively predict the development of psychopathology. Yet, little is known about how reduced PVS activation emerges across development or what implications it has for prevention. We review genetic, temperament, parenting, and naturalistic and laboratory stress research on neural measures of PVS and outline developmentally-infor...
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#1Natalie H. Brito (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 12
#2Sonya V. Troller-Renfree (Columbia University)
Last. Kimberly G. Noble (Columbia University)H-Index: 24
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Abstract Characteristics of the home language environment, independent of socioeconomic background, may account for disparities in early language abilities. Past studies have reported links between the quantity of language input within the home and differences in brain function during early childhood. The current study examined associations between home language input and EEG brain activity in a socioeconomically diverse sample of 6- to 12-month-old infants (N = 94). Replicating past studies, a ...
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Top fields of study
Developmental psychology
Stimulus (physiology)
Psychology
Cognition
Cognitive psychology
Prefrontal cortex