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Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Papers 3464
1 page of 347 pages (3,464 results)
Helge Schlüter1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Hildesheim),
Ryan Pm Hackländer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Hildesheim),
Christina Bermeitinger7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Hildesheim)
How do emotional stimuli influence perception, attention, and ultimately memory? This debate at the cross-section of emotion and cognition research has a long tradition. The emotional oddball paradigm (EOP) has frequently been applied to investigate the detection and processing of (emotional) change detection (Schluter & Bermeitinger, 2017). However, the EOP has also been used to reveal the effects of emotional deviants on memory for serially presented stimuli. In this integrative article, we re...
Ascher Munion2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UofU: University of Utah),
Jeanine K. Stefanucci21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UofU: University of Utah)
+ -3 AuthorsMichael D. Hendricks1
Estimated H-index: 1
(USMA: United States Military Academy)
Men show a consistent spatial navigation advantage over women, which is often attributed to their increased use of survey spatial strategies. But what about men’s navigation gives them an advantage? One possibility is that the way in which men explore environments is fundamentally different, leading to better navigational performance. To test this possibility, this study investigated whether there are gender differences in wayfinding behaviors during navigation that relate to navigational succes...
Britt Hadar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(TAU: Tel Aviv University),
Roy Luria14
Estimated H-index: 14
(TAU: Tel Aviv University),
Nira Liberman47
Estimated H-index: 47
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
Two studies tested whether a mindset manipulation would affect the filtering of distractors from entering visual working memory (VWM). In Study 1, participants completed a concrete mindset manipulation (by repeatedly describing how to perform an action), an abstract mindset manipulation (by repeatedly describing why to perform an action), and a baseline condition (no manipulation). In Study 2, some participants completed a concrete mindset manipulation, whereas others completed an abstract manip...
Sarah DuBrow (UO: University of Oregon), Elizabeth A. Eberts (TU: Temple University), Vishnu P. Murty19
Estimated H-index: 19
(TU: Temple University)
Individual control over learning leads to better memory outcomes, yet it is still unclear which aspects of control matter. One’s sense of agency could be a key component, but it can be challenging to dissociate it from its consequences on the environment. Here we used a paradigm in which participants in one condition had the opportunity to choose between cues (choice condition) and in another were instructed which cue to select (fixed condition). Because the cues had no effect on the memoranda, ...
Steven Samuel2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Essex),
Geoff G. Cole18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Essex),
Madeline J. Eacott (University of Essex)
Many languages assign nouns to a grammatical gender class, such that “bed” might be assigned masculine gender in one language (e.g., Italian) but feminine gender in another (e.g., Spanish). In the context of research assessing the potential for language to influence thought (the linguistic relativity hypothesis), a number of scholars have investigated whether grammatical gender assignment “rubs off” on concepts themselves, such that Italian speakers might conceptualize beds as more masculine tha...
Adam Qureshi7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Edge Hill University),
Rebecca L. Monk7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Edge Hill University)
+ -3 AuthorsIan A. Apperly36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Birmingham)
Theory of mind (ToM), the ability to understand that other agents have different beliefs, desires, and knowledge than oneself, has been extensively researched. Theory of mind tasks involve participants dealing with interference between their self-perspective and another agent’s perspective, and this interference has been related to executive function, particularly to inhibitory control. This study assessed whether there are individual differences in self–other interference, and whether these eff...
Adrian Walker , David Luque + -3 AuthorsTom Beesley12
Estimated H-index: 12
The exploitation-exploration (EE) trade-off describes how, when making a decision, an organism must often choose between a safe alternative with a known pay-off, and one or more riskier alternatives with uncertain pay-offs. Recently, the concept of the EE trade-off has been extended to the examination of how organisms distribute limited attentional resources between several stimuli. This work suggests that when the rules governing the environment are certain, participants learn to “exploit” by a...
Lisa K. Fazio16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Vandy: Vanderbilt University),
David G. Rand43
Estimated H-index: 43
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Gordon Pennycook20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Regina)
Repetition increases the likelihood that a statement will be judged as true. This illusory truth effect is well established; however, it has been argued that repetition will not affect belief in unambiguous statements. When individuals are faced with obviously true or false statements, repetition should have no impact. We report a simulation study and a preregistered experiment that investigate this idea. Contrary to many intuitions, our results suggest that belief in all statements is increased...