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Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
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#1Tobias Johansson (Kristianstad University College)H-Index: 2
Much of cognitive psychology is premised on the distinction between automatic and intentional processes, but the distinction often remains vague in practice and alternative explanations are often not followed through. For example, Hendricks, Conway and Kellogg (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 491-1500, 2013) found that dual tasks at training versus at test dissociated performance in two different artificial grammar learning tasks. This was taken as eviden...
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#1Felix Hao Wang (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 3
#2Jason D. Zevin (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 20
Last. Toben H. Mintz (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 12
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A large body of research has demonstrated that humans attend to adjacent co-occurrence statistics when processing sequential information, and bottom-up prosodic information can influence learning. In this study, we investigated how top-down grouping cues can influence statistical learning. Specifically, we presented English sentences that were structurally equivalent to each other, which induced top-down expectations of grouping in the artificial language sequences that immediately followed. We ...
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#1Francesco Ceccarini (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 5
#2Silvia Guerra (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 3
Last. Umberto Castiello (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 52
view all 8 authors...
Speed-accuracy trade-off (SAT) is the tendency for decision speed to covary with decision accuracy. SAT is an inescapable property of aimed movements being present in a wide range of species, from insects to primates. An aspect that remains unsolved is whether SAT extends to plants' movement. Here, we tested this possibility by examining the swaying in circles of the tips of shoots exhibited by climbing plants (Pisum sativum L.) as they approach to grasp a potential support. In particular, by me...
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#1Harun Yoruk (UH: University of Houston)
#2Lindsay A Santacroce (UH: University of Houston)
Last. Benjamin J. Tamber-Rosenau (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 7
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The prominent sensory recruitment model argues that visual working memory (WM) is maintained via representations in the same early visual cortex brain regions that initially encode sensory stimuli, either in the identical neural populations as perceptual representations or in distinct neural populations. While recent research seems to reject the former (strong) sensory recruitment model, the latter (flexible) account remains plausible. Moreover, this flexibility could explain a recent result of ...
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#1Daniel Schor (ND: University of Notre Dame)
#2Alex S. Brodersen (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 1
Last. Bradley S. Gibson (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 22
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The maintenance capacity of working memory is known to be severely limited in scope. However, the reason this capacity varies across individuals remains unknown because it has proven difficult to estimate the maximum capacity of an individual's "scope of attention" (SoA) separate from their ability to achieve this maximum capacity due to temporary lapses in "attention control" (AC). The present study accomplished this separation by using a maximum likelihood framework to extract latent construct...
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#1Philip L. Smith (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 64
#2Simon D. Lilburn (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 5
Evidence accumulation models like the diffusion model are increasingly used by researchers to identify the contributions of sensory and decisional factors to the speed and accuracy of decision-making. Drift rates, decision criteria, and nondecision times estimated from such models provide meaningful estimates of the quality of evidence in the stimulus, the bias and caution in the decision process, and the duration of nondecision processes. Recently, Dutilh et al. (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 2...
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#1Stuart T. Klapp (CSUEB: California State University, East Bay)H-Index: 31
#2Dana Maslovat (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 12
We consider, in depth, findings from across 6 decades regarding generating a motor response in a simple reaction-time (i.e., delayed response) paradigm. The early results robustly show a response complexity effect whereby the more response elements, the longer the simple reaction time (RT). This effect is puzzling because it indicates that preparation of some aspect of a response cannot be completed prior to the simple RT interval even though a precue had identified the response in advance. Resu...
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#1Matthew Lehet (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 1
#2Kimberly M. Fenn (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 13
Last. Howard C. Nusbaum (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 42
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Listeners exposed to accented speech must adjust how they map between acoustic features and lexical representations such as phonetic categories. A robust form of this adaptive perceptual learning is learning to perceive synthetic speech where the connections between acoustic features and phonetic categories must be updated. Both implicit learning through mere exposure and explicit learning through directed feedback have previously been shown to produce this type of adaptive learning. The present...
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#1Elizabeth Cox (U of T: University of Toronto)
#2Catherine M. Sabiston (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 36
Last. Timothy N. Welsh (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
view all 6 authors...
The type of clothing worn, revealing versus concealing, can affect the performance of women on cognitive tasks. This difference in performance may arise because of changes in body awareness that may draw cognitive resources from the goal task. The present study investigated the influence of the style of athletic clothing and body awareness on visual-motor performance in women. Participants (women ages 18-35 years) were randomly assigned to wear tight and revealing (TR group, n = 40) or loose and...
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#1Qi Jiang (Hiroshima University)
#2Atsunori Ariga (Hiroshima University)H-Index: 7
This study provides clear evidence that the human cognitive system automatically codes sound pitch spatially. The spatial-musical association of response codes (SMARC) effect, in which a high-pitched (low-pitched) tone facilitates an upper (lower) response, is considered to reflect the spatial coding of sound pitch. However, previous studies have not excluded the directional effects of sound localization. Because a high-pitched (low-pitched) tone is automatically misperceived as originating from...
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