International Journal of Endocrinology
Papers 2296
1 page of 230 pages (2,296 results)
Background. The trends in pediatric patients having thyroid nodules have not been well evaluated. Here, we analyzed the clinicopathological features of the children who have presented with thyroid nodules at our center over several decades in order to determine a change of trend. Materials and Methods. We analyzed 215 pediatric patients who had undergone a thyroidectomy between 1990 and 2014 at our single tertiary center. The clinicopathological features were analyzed according to age, sex, and ...
Objective. To evaluate the impact of preconceptional serum TSH levels on the clinical outcomes of infertile patients undergoing their first IUI treatment cycle. Method. This was a retrospective study. Euthyroid patients undergoing the first cycle of IUI treatment from Jan 2017 to Aug 2018 were included. The patients were divided into a normal high TSH level (2.5–4.0 mIU/L) group and a low TSH level (0.4–2.5 mIU/L) group. Then, different factors were included separately to compare the outcomes be...
Background. IgG4-related hypophysitis (IgG4-RH) is a rare disease, and its prevalence remains unclear. In recent years, an increasing number of cases have been reported because of the increasing recognition of this disease. We aimed to summarize case reports of IgG4-RH and outline the clinical features and outcomes. Methods. We performed PubMed search of articles using the search terms “hypophysitis [AND] IgG4.“ Consequently, only 54 English articles (76 cases) met Leporati’s diagnostic criteria...
Background and Objective. A previous study reported alterations in the intestinal microbiota in patients with Graves’ orbitopathy (GO). Thyrotropin receptor autoantibody (TRAb) stimulates orbital and periorbital tissues and plays a pivotal role in the development of GO. However, the association between gut microbiota and TRAb in GO patients has still remained elusive. In this study, we explored the relationships between gut microbiota and GO-related traits, in which we applied a metabolic-networ...
Background and Aims. The unique demographic and dietary characteristics of modern Arabic population require development of a new predictive equation for the estimation of resting energy expenditure (REE). This study presented new equations characteristic to Saudi population. Methods. A set of predictive equations for REE was derived for 427 healthy male and female subjects (aged 18–57 ± 14 years). REE was measured (REEm) by indirect calorimetry (IC) and predicted (REEp) using nine equations. REE...
Purpose. Growth hormone (GH) treatment is recommended to improve growth and psychosocial problems in short stature children born small for gestational age (SGA). Although GH therapy in these patients has been extensively studied, the impact of therapy according to delays in bone age (BA) is not known well. Objective. To investigate the effects of GH therapy in SGA patients with short stature according to BA delay. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed changes in height SD score (SDS) and BA/chron...
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Objective. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) plays a central role in the balance of energy metabolism. The objective of this study was to investigate the differentially expressed proteins in VAT between morbidly obese (BMI >35 kg/m2) and normal weight Chinese women. Method. Nine morbidly obese women and 8 normal weight women as controls were enrolled. Abdominal VAT was excised and analyzed by label-free one-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (1D-LC-MS/MS). Differentially expr...
This review summarizes the vast literature describing the long-term epidemiological studies with emphasis on postprandial glucose as a stronger predictor of cardiovascular complications as compared to fasting glucose and HbA1c. Many molecular studies also supported this fact by illustrating that postchallenge hyperglycemia is associated with elevated biomarkers of systemic inflammation in the plasma and thus increasing the chances of vascular damage. Large-scale studies have proved that vascular...
Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by parathyroid tumors in association with fibro-osseous jaw tumors and uterine and renal lesions. HPT-JT syndrome is caused by germline mutations of the cell division cycle 73 (CDC73) gene that encodes the parafibromin, a 531-amino acid protein with antiproliferative activity. Primary hyperparathyroidism is the main finding of HPT-JT syndrome, usually caused by a single-gland parathyroid involvement (...
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) patients with cryptorchidism history usually have poor spermatogenesis outcome, while researches focusing on this population are rare. This study retrospectively evaluated gonadotropin-induced spermatogenesis outcome in CHH patients with cryptorchidism (n = 40). One hundred and eighty-three CHH patients without cryptorchidism were served as control. All patients received combined gonadotropins therapy (HCG and HMG) and were followed up for at least ...
Top fields of study
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus